Caring for succulents: Your path to lush, healthy plants

Succulents have gained immense popularity as houseplants due to their striking appearance, low maintenance requirements, and unique ability to thrive in arid conditions. With their diverse shapes, colors, and sizes, these desert beauties can breathe life into any living space. Whether you're a seasoned succulent enthusiast or a beginner, this comprehensive guide will provide you with all the essential tips and tricks to ensure your succulents flourish.

What are succulents?

Succulents (from Latin succulentus, 'juicy') are plants equipped with specialized tissues for water storage. Typically, they thrive in arid climates.
The plants categorized under the term 'succulents' are not related by common ancestry; rather, their similar features arise from shared habitat conditions.

Choosing the succulents

Before diving into care tips, it's essential to select the right succulents for your environment. Different succulent species have varying light, temperature, and water requirements.

Here are a few popular choices:
  • Echeveria: Known for their rosette-shaped leaves and vibrant colors.
  • Haworthia: Ideal for low-light conditions and small spaces.
  • Sedum: Great for ground cover and rock gardens.
  • Aloe Vera: Loved for its healing properties and distinctive spiky leaves.
  • Jade Plant: A hardy and easy-to-care-for succulent.
Now, let’s dive in succulent care tips.

Light requirements

Succulents are sun lovers, and providing the right amount of light is crucial for their well-being as most of them are tropical plants. Place them near a sunny window where they can receive indirect sunlight for at least six hours a day. If you notice leggy growth or fading colors, it's a sign they need more light.
To check the light conditions of your plant - use the Light Meter feature.

Proper potting mix

Succulents require well-draining soil to prevent root rot.

You can either buy a commercial cactus mix or create your own by adding sand or perlite to regular potting soil. Ensure your pots have drainage holes to allow excess water to escape.

Temperature and humidity

Succulents thrive in temperatures between 60°F to 80°F (15°C to 27°C). They can tolerate slightly lower temperatures but are sensitive to frost. Protect them from chilly drafts and extreme cold.
As desert plants (most of them), succulents prefer low humidity. Avoid placing them in high-humidity areas, such as bathrooms, as this can lead to mold and fungal issues.

Watering techniques

Overwatering is the most common mistake in succulent care. These plants are adapted to survive in arid conditions, so they store water in their leaves and stems.

Here's how to water them correctly:
  • Deep soak: When watering, drench the soil thoroughly and let excess water drain out. Empty the saucer beneath the pot to prevent root rot.
  • Allow drying: Let the soil dry completely between watering intervals. Stick your finger into the soil; if it's dry about an inch deep, it's time to water.
  • Seasonal adjustments: Reduce watering in the winter when succulents go dormant. Increase it slightly during the growing season in spring and summer.
To ensure the right amount of water you can use the Watering Calculator feature.


Succulents have modest fertilization needs. During the growing season (spring and summer), feed them with a balanced, diluted liquid fertilizer every 4-6 weeks. To remember to fertilize your succulent - set a reminder. Reduce or eliminate fertilization in the dormant winter months.


Transplanting and renewing succulents is a task that demands a tailored approach for each variety due to their diverse origins. 

For instance, Echeveria necessitates annual renewal with careful trimming and re-rooting. On the other hand, certain succulents like Kalanchoe can thrive for years in the same pot without significant impact on their longevity or overall well-being, although periodic repotting can undoubtedly enhance their vitality.
These tasks need to be done in spring.

Pest management

Succulents are relatively pest-resistant, but they can still fall victim to mealybugs, aphids, or spider mites. Inspect your plants regularly (using the Plant Doctor feature), and if you spot any pests, treat them with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Taking care of succulents is a rewarding and enjoyable experience. With the right knowledge and attention, you can watch your desert darlings thrive and beautify your living space. Remember, succulents are forgiving plants, and a little care goes a long way in keeping them healthy and vibrant.