Propeller Plant Crassula perfoliata var. falcata

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
airplane plant


Commonly known as Propeller Plant due to its distinct foliage arrangement, this plant is characterized by its thick, fleshy leaves that are uniquely shaped like an aircraft propeller. The leaves are gray-green to reddish in color and are often arranged in overlapping pairs along the stems, which gives the foliage a compact, sculptural look. Blooming typically occurs in summer, where the plant produces clusters of small, scarlet red flowers that contrast strikingly against the foliage, adding an additional splash of color to its appearance. The overall look of the Propeller Plant is quite distinctive due to its symmetrical leaf pattern and its bright, showy flowers that emerge on top of the angled leaves.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Propeller Plant, Airplane Plant, Scarlet Paintbrush

    • Common names

      Rochea falcata, Rochea perfoliata, Crassula falcata.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Propeller Plant (Crassula perfoliata var. falcata) is not considered toxic to humans. However, as with any plant material, individual allergies or sensitivities may lead to mild irritation upon contact or ingestion, so it is generally advisable not to consume parts of this plant.

    • To pets

      The Propeller Plant is also not known to be toxic to pets. It's usually considered safe for cats and dogs, with no significant symptoms of poisoning expected should they ingest parts of the plant. However, pet owners should always monitor their pets for any adverse reactions when introducing new plants into their environment.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2 feet (60 cm)

    • Spread

      2 feet (60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      South Africa


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Low Maintenance: Crassula perfoliata var. falcata, commonly known as Propeller Plant, is drought-tolerant and requires minimal watering, making it ideal for busy or forgetful gardeners.
    • Attractive Appearance: With its unique propeller-shaped leaves and striking red flowers, it adds an exotic and architectural element to gardens, patios, and indoor spaces.
    • Easy Propagation: Propeller Plant can be easily propagated from cuttings, allowing gardeners to expand their collection or share with friends and family.
    • Drought Tolerance: It is very suitable for xeriscaping and water-wise gardens, helping to conserve water and reduce garden maintenance, especially in arid or drought-prone regions.
    • Versatile Placement: This succulent is suitable for planting in containers, rock gardens, and as ground cover, offering flexibility in landscaping and design.
    • Long Blooming Season: The Propeller Plant enjoys a longer flowering season compared to some other plants, providing color and interest for an extended period.
    • Pollinator Friendly: The flowers can attract bees and other pollinators, aiding in the biodiversity and health of a garden ecosystem.
    • Resilience to Pests: It is generally resistant to pests, reducing the need for chemical insecticides and contributing to a more natural garden environment.
    • Non-Toxic: Propeller Plant is not known to be toxic to humans or pets, making it a safe choice for households with animals and children.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Propagation Source: Propylene glycol can be used by gardening enthusiasts to propagate the plant from cuttings, encouraging the development of new roots.
    • Succulent Sculptures: Enthusiasts may use its attractive sickle-shaped foliage to create living sculptures in artful succulent arrangements.
    • Botanical Education: Teachers and educators can utilize the plant to demonstrate the adaptations of succulents to dry environments to students.
    • Photography Subjects: Its striking red flowers make it a popular choice for photographers looking to capture the beauty of succulent blooms.
    • Symbolism in Gifts: Because it can thrive in harsh conditions, it's sometimes given as a symbol of resilience and survival in challenging situations.
    • Eco-friendly Roof Gardens: Can be used in green roofing projects to provide insulation and reduce rainwater runoff.
    • Wildlife Attraction: The flowers can attract nectar-feeding birds such as hummingbirds, adding to the biodiversity of a garden.
    • Cultural Significance: It might be featured in cultural ceremonies or festival decorations that celebrate native flora.
    • Set Design: Its distinctive shape can be used by set designers to add a unique visual element to theatrical productions or movie sets.
    • Craft Material: Dried stems and flowers can be used in crafting, such as in the creation of natural wreaths or decorative arrangements.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Propeller Plant is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Propeller Plant is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Prosperity: As part of the Crassula genus, which includes the popular "Jade Plant," Crassula perfoliata var. falcata is often associated with wealth and prosperity. It's commonly known as Propeller Plant, referencing its aerodynamic leaf shape, and in the context of Feng Shui, it is thought to bring financial luck when placed in the right area of a home or business.
    • Endurance: The Propeller Plant is resilient and can thrive in arid environments with minimal care, symbolizing the ability to endure and prosper in challenging conditions.
    • Friendship: Easy to propagate and share, the Propeller Plant symbolizes the spreading and nurturing of friendships, much like the way it spreads its own foliage.

Every 2-3 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    For the Propeller Plant, watering should be done thoroughly but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out completely between waterings. Usually, watering once every two to three weeks is sufficient, but this may vary depending on the climate and the season. When watering, it’s best to use approximately 8-16 ounces of water for smaller pots or up to 1-2 gallons for larger pots, depending on the size of the plant and the pot. Adjust the amount to ensure that the water runs through the drainage hole and the soil is moist but not waterlogged. During the winter months, reduce watering as the plant goes into dormancy.

  • sunLight

    The Propeller Plant thrives in bright, indirect sunlight but can tolerate direct sunlight in cooler climates. The ideal spot for this succulent is near a south-facing or east-facing window where it will receive plenty of light but be protected from the harsh afternoon sun. If you live in a particularly hot environment, providing some shade during the peak summer months can help prevent sunburn.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Propeller Plant prefers a temperature range of 60-75°F for optimal growth but can survive in temperatures as low as 30°F and as high as 90°F. To avoid cold damage, it's recommended to keep the plant indoors or in a sheltered location when the night temperature drops below 40°F. This plant is not frost-tolerant and should be protected from extreme cold snaps.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Propeller Plant is generally done to remove dead or damaged leaves and to shape the plant for aesthetic purposes. The best time to prune is in the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. Pruning can be performed once a year or as needed to maintain the desired size and shape. Always use clean, sharp tools to make precise cuts without damaging the plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for the Propeller Plant (Crassula perfoliata var. falcata) is a well-draining cactus or succulent mix with added perlite or pumice to increase drainage. The soil pH should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging between 6.0 and 7.5.

  • plantRepotting

    The Propeller Plant should be repotted every 2 to 3 years or when it has outgrown its current container. Be sure to use fresh succulent soil mix during repotting.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Propeller Plant thrives in dry air and does not require high humidity levels. It prefers average indoor humidity levels between 40% and 50%.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Propeller Plant in bright, indirect light inside.

    • Outdoor

      Grow Propeller Plant in light shade to partial sun outside.

    • Hardiness zone

      9-11 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Crassula perfoliata var. falcata, commonly known as the Propeller Plant, begins its life as a seed, sprouting in well-draining soil with sufficient warmth and light. The seedling develops fleshy leaves and a sturdy stem, characteristic of succulents, entering a vigorous vegetative stage where it focuses on growth and energy storage. During maturity, the Propeller Plant produces distinctive red or orange flowers, usually in the summer, attracting pollinators with its inflorescences. After pollination, seeds are formed and dispersed, ready to initiate a new generation. During its lifespan, the Propeller Plant may also propagate vegetatively through leaf cuttings or offsets, which root easily to form new plants. The plant's life cycle is completed when it reaches the end of its natural life span, which can be several years, eventually dying back and decomposing to contribute to the soil's nutrient cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • The Crassula perfoliata var. falcata, commonly known as Propeller Plant, is best propagated during its growing season, which is typically spring or early summer. Propagation is most commonly achieved through leaf or stem cuttings. To propagate, a healthy leaf or a stem segment is cut from the plant with a sharp, clean knife or scissors. The cut end of the leaf or stem is then left to callous over for a few days, which helps to prevent rot when planted. After the cut end has calloused, the cutting is placed in well-draining soil, barely covering the cut end with soil. The soil is kept slightly moist but not waterlogged, and the cutting is placed in bright, indirect light. Roots typically begin to form within a few weeks, after which the new plant can slowly be acclimatized to more direct light and regular Crassula care routines.