King Palm Archontophoenix alexandrae

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Alexandra palm


Commonly known as the King Palm or Alexandra Palm, this majestic plant is characterized by a single, smooth and straight trunk that elegantly supports its lush canopy. The trunk has a distinctive bulge at the base and often displays a light gray to white coloration, with old leaf bases leaving ring patterns as they fall away. At the top, the palm sports a crown of large, feathery fronds gracefully arching from a central point. These fronds are a deep green on the upper surface and a slightly lighter green underneath, giving a vibrant look to the foliage. Each frond arises from the trunk capped with a brownish or reddish crownshaft, which provides a sleek, polished appearance to the area where the fronds connect to the trunk. The King Palm blooms with clusters of small, purple flowers, which eventually give way to bright red fruits, each about the size of a small marble. These fruits are attractive to a variety of birds and wildlife, adding to the ornamental value of the plant. The overall silhouette of the King Palm is upright and elegant, making it a popular choice for landscaping in areas where it can thrive. Its tropical aesthetic is well suited to creating a lush, exotic atmosphere in gardens and urban settings alike.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      King Palm, Alexandra Palm, King Alexander Palm, Northern Bangalow Palm, Alexandra King Palm

    • Common names

      Archontophoenix alexandrae, Ptychosperma alexandrae, Seaforthia elegans.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The King Palm is not known to be toxic to humans. There are no typical symptoms associated with poisoning from this plant because it is generally considered non-toxic. Therefore, ingesting parts of the King Palm is not expected to lead to any harmful consequences.

    • To pets

      The King Palm is not commonly listed as a plant that is toxic to pets. It is considered non-toxic and ingestion typically does not lead to poisoning. Consequently, pets that ingest parts of the King Palm should not experience harmful consequences based on the available information on the plant's toxicity.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      50 feet (15.24 meters)

    • Spread

      10 feet (3.048 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: The King Palm offers a tropical look with its sleek, tall trunk and lush, feathery fronds, which can enhance landscaping designs.
    • Shade Provider: Its large fronds can create a cool, shaded area beneath, suitable for understory planting or creating a relaxing outdoor space.
    • Habitat for Wildlife: The King Palm can attract a variety of birds and wildlife that use the tree for food and shelter.
    • Low Maintenance: Once established, this palm is relatively low maintenance, requiring minimal care and attention.
    • Coastal Tolerance: It has good tolerance to coastal conditions, making it suitable for planting in seaside locations.
    • Fast-Growing: As a fast-growing species, the King Palm can quickly reach its mature height, providing a rapid landscape impact.
    • Non-Invasive Roots: The root system is generally non-invasive, making it a good choice for planting near paths and structures.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The King Palm's fronds can be used as thatch for roofing in tropical hut constructions, providing shade and some degree of waterproofing.
    • Its smooth, straight trunk has been utilized as a natural column or post in rustic construction when temporary supports are needed.
    • The seeds of the King Palm are sometimes used in crafts or as beads in jewelry making owing to their hard, durable nature.
    • The fibrous material found within the King Palm's trunk can be harvested and used for making rough textiles or ropes.
    • Young King Palm leaves can be woven into baskets, mats, or even hats as a form of traditional art or functional craft.
    • The King Palm's large leaves are sometimes used in ceremonies or festivals as decorations or for creating temporary structures.
    • In some cultures, the King Palm is planted as a living fence or boundary marker due to its vertical growth habit and lush appearance.
    • The King Palm can be used as a natural windbreak or to provide shade in hot climates due to its tall and dense canopy.
    • Inflorescences of the King Palm are sometimes used in floral arrangements or as standalone decorative elements in horticulture.
    • The palm's dead fronds can be repurposed as a natural mulch for gardens, helping to retain soil moisture and suppress weeds.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The King Palm is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The King Palm is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Royalty - Its common name, King Palm, suggests a regal presence and is often associated with majesty due to its tall and striking appearance.
    • Resilience - As an evergreen that can withstand varied conditions, the King Palm represents durability and the ability to persist through challenges.
    • Elegance - With its sleek trunk and graceful fronds, the King Palm symbolizes sophistication and poise, enhancing landscaping with its aesthetic appeal.
    • Tropical Beauty - Native to Queensland, Australia, this palm exemplifies the beauty of tropical nature and often symbolizes exotic wonder and escape.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The King Palm should be watered consistently, maintaining moist soil without letting it become waterlogged. A good method is to provide deep watering, allowing the water to soak down to the roots, every one to two weeks. Depending on the size of the palm and climate conditions, this could mean between 2 to 4 gallons for an established palm in the warmer months, reducing to once a month or less in cooler months or when rainfall adequately supplements irrigation.

  • sunLight

    The King Palm thrives in partial shade to full sun. Ideal conditions are a spot where it receives bright, indirect sunlight for most of the day with some direct morning sun. It's important to avoid intense afternoon sun which can scorch the fronds, especially in hotter climates.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The King Palm prefers a warm and humid climate, flourishing in temperatures between 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. It can survive in temperatures as low as 30 degrees Fahrenheit but may suffer damage if exposed to frost. To ensure optimal growth, avoid placing the palm in areas where the temperature drops below freezing.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune the King Palm to remove dead or yellowing fronds, flower stalks, and any fruiting bodies to maintain its appearance and health. This is typically done once or twice a year and the best time for pruning is in the spring or early summer, avoiding pruning during fall or winter to prevent stress to the palm.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The King Palm thrives in a well-draining soil mix rich in organic matter with a slightly acidic to neutral pH between 6.0 and 7.0. A good recipe for King Palm would be to blend equal parts of peat, pine bark, and coarse sand or perlite.

  • plantRepotting

    King Palms should be repotted every two to three years when they are young or when the roots outgrow the current pot. For mature plants, repotting may be less frequent.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    King Palm prefers high humidity levels, ideally between 60% to 80%, to mimic its natural tropical habitat.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide bright, indirect light and ensure high humidity for King Palm.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade with shelter from wind for King Palm.

    • Hardiness zone

      9b-11 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of the King Palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae) begins with seed germination, where its seeds sprout in warm, moist soil conditions, typically taking several weeks to a few months. After germination, the seedling stage involves the growth of a basic root system and the first leaves or fronds. As it enters the juvenile stage, the plant develops a more robust root system and taller, more developed fronds, but has not yet reached reproductive maturity. Transitioning to the adult stage, the King Palm begins to reproduce, growing inflorescences that produce flowers, followed by fruit with seeds that, once mature, drop to the ground or are dispersed by animals. The mature plant continues to grow in height, producing a prominent single trunk with a crown of large, feather-like fronds, and can live for several decades. The cycle completes as the mature seeds fall to the substrate and potentially germinate, giving rise to new seedlings.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • The most common method of propagating the King Palm, or Archontophoenix alexandrae, is through its seeds. Seeds should be sown in late spring or summer when temperatures are consistently above 75 degrees Fahrenheit (approximately 24 degrees Celsius). Initially, the seeds need to be soaked in warm water for around 48 to 72 hours to help soften the seed coat and promote germination. After soaking, the seeds are sown in a well-draining soil mix, just barely covered with soil, and kept consistently moist. To create an ideal germination environment, the pots can be placed in a warm area with indirect light or even in a greenhouse. Germination can take several weeks to a few months, so patience is key. Once germinated, the seedlings require bright light and should be gradually adapted to more direct sunlight as they grow.