Carpathian Bellflower Campanula carpatica

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
American harebell


Campanula carpatica, commonly known as the Carpathian Bellflower, is a perennial plant with a mounded, low-growing habit that forms a foliage of green, basal leaves. These leaves are heart-shaped to round, with toothed or slightly scalloped edges, creating a lush carpet of greenery close to the ground. The standout feature of this plant is its beautiful bell-shaped flowers, which are a striking shade of blue, although some varieties may bear white or purple blooms. The flowers are upward-facing, opening from rounded buds, and they are arranged singly or in loose clusters atop the stems that rise above the basal foliage. These flowers typically bloom profusely in early to mid-summer, and if deadheaded, can continue to bloom intermittently throughout the summer season. The Carpathian Bellflower offers a charming appearance that is often used to grace rock gardens, borders, or as edging along walkways, and its blossoms are a favorite among bees and butterflies.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Carpathian Bellflower, Carpathian Harebell, Tussock Bellflower

    • Common names

      Campanula carpatica var. alba, Campanula carpatica var. pelviformis, Campanula carpatica var. turbinata, Campanula cochleariifolia Lam., Campanula hofmannii Schult., Campanula sudetica Willd., Campanula sudetica var. lutea, Campanula turbinata Sims, Medium carpaticum (Janch.) House, Medium carpaticum var. alba (Hoffm. & Link) House, Medium carpaticum var. pallidum House, Medium sudeticum (Willd.) House, Symphyandra carpatica (Janch.) Fed., Wahlenbergia carpatica (Janch.) Schur.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Carpathian bellflower (Campanula carpatica) is not known to be toxic to humans. Therefore, ingesting parts of this plant typically does not lead to poisoning or adverse health consequences.

    • To pets

      Carpathian bellflower is generally considered non-toxic to pets as well. Ingesting this plant should not cause any significant symptoms of poisoning or serious health issues in animals such as cats and dogs. However, as with any non-food plant, individual pets might experience mild gastrointestinal upset if they consume large amounts of the plant due to the uncommon material in their diet.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot (30 cm)

    • Spread

      2 feet (60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Easy to grow: Campanula carpatica is hardy and adapts well to a variety of growing conditions, making it suitable for novice gardeners.
    • Aesthetic appeal: With its beautiful bell-shaped flowers and range of colors, it adds visual interest to gardens and landscapes.
    • Attracts pollinators: The flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Ground cover: Its low, mounding growth habit makes it an excellent ground cover, helping to suppress weeds and reduce soil erosion.
    • Edging plant: Due to its compact size, it works well as an edging plant along paths and garden borders.
    • Drought tolerance: Once established, it is relatively drought-tolerant, requiring less water compared to some other garden plants.
    • Frost resistant: It can survive in cooler temperatures, making it suitable for gardens in varying climates.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Campanula carpatica has been traditionally used for its potential anti-inflammatory effects.
    • Antioxidant: The plant may contain compounds with antioxidant activity that can help protect cells from oxidative stress.
    • Diuretic: There have been suggestions that Campanula carpatica might have mild diuretic properties, which can promote the excretion of urine.
    • Wound healing: Its extracts are sometimes applied in traditional medicine to promote wound healing due to potential antimicrobial and regenerative properties.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Edible Flowers: The bell-shaped flowers of Campanula carpatica can be used in salads or as garnishes to add a touch of color and a mild, sweet flavor.
    • Photography Subject: Due to their distinctive shape and color, Campanula carpatica is often used as a subject in macro and nature photography for hobbyists and professionals alike.
    • Artistic Inspiration: The unique form of Campanula carpatica inspires artists and can be found in paintings, textile designs, and other decorative arts.
    • Fairy Gardens: These plants are a popular choice for creating fairy gardens or miniature scenes due to their small size and enchanting appearance.
    • Wedding Decor: The blooms are sometimes used in floral arrangements and as part of wedding bouquets or decorations for their delicate beauty and association with gratitude and everlasting love.
    • Educational Tool: Botany and horticulture educators use Campanula carpatica to teach plant growth habits, propagation techniques, and mountain flora characteristics.
    • Creative Crafts: The flowers and foliage can be incorporated into creative craft projects like pressed flower art or natural potpourri.
    • Theme Gardens: Campanula carpatica is a choice plant for creating themed gardens, such as 'blue' or 'moon' gardens due to its blue-violet flowers that reflect the moonlight at night.
    • Landscape Painting: The plant often appears in landscape oil paintings, especially those depicting alpine or rockery settings.
    • Culinary Experimentation: Although not common, the leaves and blooms might be used by experimental chefs to create unique dishes or infusions.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Carpathian Bellflower is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Carpathian Bellflower is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Perseverance: Campanula carpatica, commonly known as the Carpathian Bellflower, often symbolizes perseverance due to its hardy nature and ability to grow in challenging mountainous terrains.
    • Gratitude: The bell-shaped flowers represent a symbol of gratitude, suggesting that one should express thanks and appreciation for the kindness of others.
    • Constancy and enduring love: The Carpathian Bellflower is also associated with unwavering affection and constant love, paralleling the plant's perennial growth cycle.
    • Humility: Its nodding, bell-like blossoms are thought to signify humility, a graceful expression of simplicity and modesty.

Every 7-10 days
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Carpathian Bellflower prefers consistently moist soil, so it's important to water it when the top inch of soil feels dry. Water it deeply once or twice a week, using about one to two gallons of water per watering session, depending on the size of the plant and the weather conditions. During the hot summer months, you may need to water more frequently to maintain the appropriate moisture levels. However, be careful not to over-water as this can lead to root rot. In cooler temperatures, reduce watering to prevent soggy soil conditions.

  • sunLight

    Carpathian Bellflower thrives in full sun to partial shade. The ideal spot for this plant would be where it receives at least six hours of sunlight daily but is protected from the harsh afternoon sun. An east-facing or west-facing location can provide the right balance of light for optimal growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Carpathian Bellflower can survive temperatures as low as 4°F, but it prefers a temperature range of 60°F to 75°F for optimal growth. Its ideal growing conditions are in cooler climates and it may struggle in areas where temperatures frequently soar above 85°F.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Carpathian Bellflower is mainly needed to remove faded flowers and to promote a second flush of blooms. Deadheading throughout the growing season encourages more flowers. The best time for a more thorough trimming to shape the plant is in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Carpathian Bellflower thrives in well-draining, loamy soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. To create the best soil mix, combine two parts garden soil, one part peat moss, and one part perlite or coarse sand for improved drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Carpathian Bellflower should be repotted every 2-3 years or when it outgrows its current container. Repotting is best done in the spring before the onset of the growing season.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Carpathian Bellflower prefers average to slightly above-average humidity levels but is generally tolerant to a range of humidity conditions typical of household environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Carpathian Bellflower in bright, indirect light inside.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade to full sun, ensure soil drainage.

    • Hardiness zone

      Carpathian Bellflower is suitable for 3-9 USDA hardiness zones.

  • circleLife cycle

    Carpathian Harebell (Campanula carpatica) begins its life as a seed, which, when sown in early spring and provided with light, moisture, and warmth, will germinate into a seedling. The seedling then develops into a vegetative state, characterized by the growth of a rosette of basal leaves. This stage can last for several weeks to a few months, depending on the environment and care. As it matures, the Carpathian Harebell enters the flowering stage in late spring to early summer, producing bell-shaped flowers that attract pollinators and can range in color from blue to white. After pollination, the plant produces fruit in the form of capsules containing seeds, completing its reproductive cycle. The Carpathian Harebell is a perennial plant, meaning it can live for several years, going dormant in the winter and resuming growth in the spring.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The most popular method of propagation for Campanula carpatica, commonly known as Carpathian Bellflower, is by seed. Seed sowing can be done directly into the garden after the threat of frost has passed, typically in the spring. Alternatively, seeds can be started indoors about 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date, sown in flats or pots with well-draining soil, lightly covered with soil as they need light to germinate. Maintain a temperature within the range of 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 21 degrees Celsius) for optimal germination. Seeds generally take 14 to 21 days to germinate. Once seedlings have grown enough to handle, they can be transplanted outdoors to a location with full sun or partial shade after gradually acclimatizing them to outdoor conditions, a process known as hardening off.