Norfolk Royal Apple Malus domestica 'Norfolk Royal' (D)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
apple 'Norfolk Royal'


Norfolk Royal is a type of apple tree known for its appealing fruit. This variety produces apples with a distinctive appearance characterized by their large size and attractive coloring. The skin of the apples is primarily a sunny yellow shade, but with a blush of red where they catch the most sun. The flesh inside is crisp and juicy with a sweet flavor that has slight acidity, making them refreshing to eat. The leaves of the Norfolk Royal tree are typical of apple trees, being oval in shape with a pointed tip and toothed edges. They are a glossy green color, providing a lovely backdrop for the fruit and flowers. During the bloom season, the tree is adorned with beautiful flowers that are white with a hint of pink, which not only add to the visual appeal of the tree but also attract pollinators. The texture of the tree's bark and the structure of its branches contribute to the overall aesthetic, providing a sturdy frame from which the fruits hang. With proper care, the apple tree produces a generous harvest, its branches filled with the delightful apples that are not only good for eating fresh but also suitable for cooking and baking.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Norfolk Royal Apple

    • Common names

      Malus domestica 'Norfolk Royal'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant commonly known as apple tree is not considered toxic to humans. The fruit of the apple tree is widely consumed without adverse effects. However, the seeds of apples contain amygdalin, a compound that can release cyanide when digested. Ingesting a large number of apple seeds can potentially lead to cyanide poisoning, which may cause symptoms such as headache, confusion, anxiety, shortness of breath, dizziness, and possibly convulsions and loss of consciousness. It is important to note that accidental swallowing of a few apple seeds is generally not harmful because the body can detoxify small amounts of cyanide, and the seeds' hard coating may prevent release of the toxin during digestion.

    • To pets

      The apple tree, commonly known simply as apple, is generally considered safe for pets, particularly the fruit flesh when consumed in moderation. However, similar to humans, the seeds of the apple contain amygdalin, which can release cyanide when metabolized. If pets consume a large number of apple seeds, they might experience symptoms of cyanide poisoning, which include panting, difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, shock, and in extreme cases, collapse, seizures, coma, or even death. Therefore, it is advisable to prevent pets from accessing and ingesting large quantities of apple seeds. The rest of the apple tree, including the leaves and stems, when consumed in small amounts, is not typically harmful to pets, but large quantities may cause mild stomach discomfort.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      12 14 feet (3.7 4.3 meters)

    • Spread

      12 15 feet (3.7 4.6 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Provides fresh fruit: The 'Norfolk Royal' variety of apple tree produces delicious apples that can be eaten fresh from the tree.
    • Enhances garden aesthetics: With its blossoming flowers in spring and colorful fruit in autumn, it offers seasonal beauty to gardens.
    • Shade provider: As it matures, the tree can provide ample shade in garden spaces, creating a cooler microclimate.
    • Supports wildlife: The tree flowers attract pollinators such as bees, while the fruit provides food for birds and other wildlife.
    • Educational value: Growing the tree provides educational opportunities for learning about botany and fruit cultivation.
    • Local food production: Cultivating this variety contributes to local food production and can reduce the carbon footprint associated with transporting food.
    • Economic value: The apples can be sold or used to make value-added products like cider or pies, offering potential economic benefits.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Natural Dye: The skin of the apple can be used to create a natural dye for fabric or paper, producing a range of colors from yellow to brown depending on the mordant used.
    • Pectin Source: The apple can be cooked down to produce pectin, a natural thickening agent that's a staple in making jellies and jams.
    • Educational Resource: Apple tree lifecycle and growth can serve as an educational tool for teaching children about plant biology and agriculture.
    • Grafting Stock: The robust root system of this apple variety makes it a good candidate for grafting other apple varieties.
    • Potpourri: Dried apple slices from this variety can be added to potpourri mixes to impart fragrance and as a decorative element.
    • Photography Subject: With their attractive appearance, Norfolk Royal apples can be arranged and photographed for art and stock photography.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Apple trees can provide habitat and food for various bird species, beneficial insects, and even small mammals.
    • Woodworking Material: Pruned branches of the apple tree can be used in woodworking projects for crafting items like handles and small carvings.
    • Apple Cider Vinegar: Excess or damaged apples can be fermented to make apple cider vinegar, used in cooking or as a household cleaning agent.
    • Culinary Education: This apple variety can be used to demonstrate the differences in taste, texture, and cooking properties in culinary classes.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The apple tree is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The apple tree is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Knowledge and Learning: As a variety of apple (Malus domestica), the 'Norfolk Royal' often symbolizes knowledge and learning, echoing the story of Adam and Eve in the Judeo-Christian tradition, where the fruit represents the forbidden knowledge of good and evil.
    • Love and Desire: Apples have been associated with love and desire across many cultures, and as such, the 'Norfolk Royal' can represent romantic interest or the sweetness of affection.
    • Youth and Beauty: The apple is historically a symbol of youthfulness and beauty, likely due to the fruit's fresh appearance and longstanding association with mythic tales of eternal youth.
    • Health and Vitality: "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" reflects the fruit's emblematic connection to health, so the 'Norfolk Royal', in its lushness and nutrient-rich profile, also carries this meaning.
    • Abundance and Prosperity: Often, fruit trees, including apple varieties like the 'Norfolk Royal', are seen as signs of abundance and prosperity because of their generous yield each season.
    • Peace and Harmony: In some cultures, the apple is a symbol of peace and harmony, making the 'Norfolk Royal' a potential emblem of tranquility and reconciliation.

Every 7-10 days
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not applicable
Late winter-early spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Apple trees, including the Norfolk Royal variety, prefer deep, infrequent waterings to encourage strong root growth. As a general rule, provide about 5 gallons of water per tree once a week during the growing season, but this can vary depending on local climate and soil conditions. In periods of drought or extreme heat, increase the frequency to twice a week. During the dormant season, watering can be reduced or even unnecessary, especially if there is sufficient rain. Always check the soil moisture to a depth of a few inches; it should be moist but not waterlogged.

  • sunLight

    Apple trees, like the Norfolk Royal variety, thrive in full sun. They need at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day for optimal growth and fruit production. The best spot for planting an apple tree is an open area away from larger structures or trees that would shade it, while also considering protection from strong winds.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Apple trees, including the Norfolk Royal variety, are hardy and adapt to a range of temperatures, but they grow best in areas with a distinct winter season. They can generally handle winter lows down to about -20°F and summer highs well into the 90s°F. However, for ideal growth and fruit production, a temperature range between 60°F and 75°F is favorable. Sudden temperature drops below 28°F in spring can damage blossoms, whereas excessively high temperatures can stress the tree.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Norfolk Royal apple tree is necessary to maintain its health, encourage fruit production, and shape the tree. Prune in late winter or early spring before new growth starts, removing dead or diseased wood, water sprouts, and any crossing branches. Aim to open up the canopy to light and air circulation, which helps reduce disease risks and improve fruit quality. Typically, an annual pruning is sufficient, but formative pruning may be required for young trees or to rejuvenate older ones.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Apple Tree 'Norfolk Royal' thrives in well-draining, loamy soil enriched with organic matter. A soil mix of 1 part garden soil, 1 part compost, and 1 part perlite or sand is ideal. The pH should be mildly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0 for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    The Apple Tree 'Norfolk Royal' typically does not require repotting as it is usually grown in the ground. If grown in containers, repotting should be done every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    The Apple Tree 'Norfolk Royal' prefers outdoor conditions with natural humidity levels. It does not require specific humidity levels but thrives in areas with good air circulation to minimize fungal diseases.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Growing indoors is not ideal; needs full sun, large space.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, ensure space for roots and canopy spread.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of the Norfolk Royal Apple begins with germination, which occurs when the apple seeds are planted and provided with suitable conditions of warmth and moisture. The seedling stage follows, with the emergence of the young apple plant, which gradually develops a root system and foliage. In the vegetative growth stage, the plant continues to grow leaves and branches; this is when pruning can shape the tree and encourage stronger growth. Following this, the tree enters the reproductive stage, where it starts to produce flowers, typically in the spring; these blossoms, after pollination, will develop into fruit. The maturation stage sees the development and ripening of the apples over the summer, leading to harvest in late summer or early fall. After harvesting, the tree enters a period of dormancy during the winter months, conserving energy for the next growing cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late winter-early spring

    • The most popular method of propagating the apple tree 'Norfolk Royal' is by grafting. This technique typically involves joining a piece of a 'Norfolk Royal' apple tree, known as the scion, with the root system of a different but closely related species or variety, called the rootstock. The scion contains the desired genetic material for the fruit, whereas the rootstock is chosen for its hardiness and adaptability to soil and climatic conditions. Grafting is usually carried out in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. During this process, a clean cut is made on both the rootstock and the scion, ensuring that the cambium layers (the actively growing layers of tissue) of both parts make contact. The two parts are then securely fastened together with grafting tape or a similar material, and the junction is often coated with a grafting sealant to prevent drying out. Over time, usually a few weeks, the tissues of the scion and rootstock grow together, forming a new apple tree with the desirable characteristics of the 'Norfolk Royal' variety.