Worcester Pearmain Apple Malus domestica 'Worcester Pearmain' (D)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
apple 'Worcester Pearmain'


Worcester Pearmain is an apple variety known for its attractive fruits and widespread cultivation. The apple tree typically produces a round-shaped canopy with a spread of branches that become dense with broad green leaves. Its leaves are simple, with a somewhat glossy surface and serrated edges, providing a lush background for the fruit. The apples themselves are of medium size, and their skin boasts a bright red flush, which can cover much of the fruit, often with red stripes overlaying a greenish-yellow base color. The apples are typically ready for harvesting in early to mid-autumn. Upon ripening, the fruit's flesh is white and can be quite crisp, with a juicy texture and a sweet flavor that has a hint of strawberry, which is one of the characteristics that distinguishes Worcester Pearmain apples from others. These apples are often eaten fresh but can also be used in cooking, especially in desserts. Flowering usually occurs in spring, with the tree producing beautiful blossoms that are predominantly white with a hint of pale pink. The flowers are fragrant and attractive to pollinators, which is essential for fruit production. These blossoms add to the ornamental value of the tree during this season. Overall, the Worcester Pearmain apple tree, with its beautiful fruits and blossoms, is both a productive fruit tree and an attractive addition to gardens where it's grown.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Worcester Pearmain Apple, Pearmain, Worcester.

    • Common names

      Malus domestica 'Worcester Pearmain'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant in question, commonly known as the apple tree, is not considered toxic to humans when it comes to the fruit they produce. However, the seeds of the apple contain amygdalin, a compound that can release cyanide when ingested in large quantities. Symptoms of cyanide poisoning include headache, confusion, dizziness, shortness of breath, and convulsions. Ingesting a few apple seeds is unlikely to cause harm due to the small amount of amygdalin they contain, but consuming large quantities of crushed or chewed seeds could potentially lead to cyanide poisoning. The rest of the plant, including leaves and stems, is not commonly consumed and is generally not considered poisonous to humans.

    • To pets

      The plant commonly known as the apple tree is not toxic to pets in terms of the fruit flesh. However, as with humans, the seeds contain amygdalin, which can be harmful if ingested in large amounts. Ingestion of apple seeds by pets could potentially lead to symptoms such as difficulty breathing, panting, dilated pupils, and shock if a significant amount of cyanide were to be released in their system. It is generally safe for pets to eat the flesh of apples in moderation, but the core and seeds should be avoided.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      14 feet (4.26 meters)

    • Spread

      12 feet (3.65 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Edible Fruit: Produces sweet, aromatic apples that are often used for eating fresh or in culinary preparations.
    • Ornamental Value: Has attractive blossoms in spring that can enhance the aesthetic appeal of gardens.
    • Economic Importance: Apples are a valuable commercial crop, contributing to the agricultural economy.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Can provide food and shelter for various species of birds and beneficial insects.
    • Pollination: Flowers offer nectar and pollen resources for bees and other pollinators.
    • Shade Provider: Mature trees can offer shade, creating cooler areas in gardens and landscapes.
    • Carbon Sequestration: As a tree, it absorbs carbon dioxide, contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gases.
    • Education and Research: Used in horticultural studies and breeding programs for educational and scientific research.
    • Recreational Activities: Apple picking can be an enjoyable and family-friendly activity.
    • Cultural Significance: Plays a role in cultural traditions and festivals, such as harvest celebrations.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The wood from apple trees, including the Worcester Pearmain variety, can be used for woodworking or crafting small items, such as kitchen utensils, due to its hardness and attractive grain.
    • Apple tree branches can be used as supports for climbing plants in the garden; they are especially useful for annual climbers that need to be replaced each year.
    • The bark of apple trees can be used in some traditional crafts, such as making decorative bark etchings or in natural fabric dyeing processes.
    • Apple trees can be grown in larger pots as a part of urban gardening projects, where ground space is limited but vertical space allows for productive growth.
    • Dried apple wood chips are often used in smoking meats, as they impart a sweet, fruity flavor that complements pork and poultry especially well.
    • The fallen leaves from apple trees can be collected and added to compost bins, where they break down and contribute to creating nutrient-rich soil amendments for the garden.
    • Apple tree prunings can be used to create natural woven fences or garden edging, blending functionality with rustic aesthetic appeal.
    • Apple tree flowers can serve as an early spring source of nectar for bees and other pollinators, thus contributing to the health of local ecosystems.
    • In educational settings, apple trees like the Worcester Pearmain can be used to teach students about the life cycle of plants, fruit development, and the importance of pollination.
    • During autumn, the apples from these trees can be used in seasonal decorations, such as in wreaths or as natural table centerpieces, sometimes mixed with other autumnal elements like leaves and pumpkins.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Apple Tree is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Apple Tree is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Love and Temptation: As a variety of apple, Malus domestica 'Worcester Pearmain' often symbolizes love and temptation, harking back to the biblical story of Adam and Eve where the apple represents the forbidden fruit.
    • Knowledge and Wisdom: Apples are also associated with knowledge, wisdom, and enlightenment, possibly stemming from the association with the story of Isaac Newton and the falling apple that led to his thoughts on gravity.
    • Fertility and Abundance: Apples are a sign of fertility and abundance due to their prolific fruiting, which has made them a common symbol in various cultural traditions to represent prosperity.
    • Beauty and Perfection: Historically, apples have been viewed as a symbol of beauty and perfection, often featured in art and literature as a representation of the ideal form.
    • Immortality and Youth: In mythology, apples are sometimes seen as a fruit of immortality or youth, such as in the Norse myth of the goddess Idun who had apples that granted eternal youth to the gods.
    • Peace and Resolution: Gifting apples can symbolize peace and the resolution of conflict, as seen in various cultural narratives where an apple is used as a peace offering.

Every 7-10 days
20000 - 50000 Lux
Not needed
Late winter
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Worcester Pearmain apple tree should be watered deeply once a week during its growing season, ensuring the water penetrates the soil to reach the tree's roots. In the absence of rain, water with about 2 gallons per week for young trees, increasing up to 10 gallons per week for mature trees depending on the climate and soil conditions. Less frequent but thorough watering encourages deep root growth, while overwatering or poor drainage can lead to root rot. During winter months, watering can be reduced as the tree is dormant and requires less moisture.

  • sunLight

    Worcester Pearmain apple trees thrive best in full sunlight, which means they should be planted in a location where they receive at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. The best spot is an open area away from taller trees or buildings that might cast shade on them. These apple trees will produce the best fruit yield and healthiest growth when they have ample sunlight throughout the day.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Worcester Pearmain apple trees prefer a temperate climate and are hardy in a range of temperatures. They can survive winter lows down to about -20°F, while summer temperatures exceeding 90°F might stress the tree. The ideal growing temperature range for optimal growth and fruit production is between 60°F and 75°F. Sudden temperature fluctuations outside of these ranges, particularly frost during flowering, can damage the tree and reduce fruit yield.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Worcester Pearmain apple trees is essential to maintain their health, encourage fruit production, and shape the tree. It should be done during the dormant season, typically late winter to early spring before new growth starts. Remove dead, damaged, or diseased branches, and thin out areas with dense growth to allow sunlight and air to penetrate the canopy. Pruning is usually done annually, but monitor the tree's growth and adjust as needed to maintain its structure.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Apple 'Worcester Pearmain' thrives in well-draining loamy soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. A mix of one-third each garden soil, compost, and peat moss or sand is ideal. Mulching is beneficial to maintain moisture.

  • plantRepotting

    Apple 'Worcester Pearmain' trees, as mature plants, do not require frequent repotting. However, young trees should be repotted every 2-3 years or when rootbound to encourage growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Apple 'Worcester Pearmain' prefers moderate ambient humidity but is adaptable and can thrive in the variable humidity levels typical of outdoor environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Insufficient space indoors; best suited for outdoor planting.

    • Outdoor

      Full sun, well-drained soil, prune annually, protect from pests.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of the Worcester Pearmain apple tree (Malus domestica 'Worcester Pearmain') begins with seed germination, where the seed lays dormant through winter and sprouts in spring. The seedling then transitions into the juvenile stage, developing roots, stems, and leaves, but is not yet able to flower or produce fruit. After a few years, the tree enters the adult vegetative stage, where it continues to grow and the first buds form; this is followed by the reproductive stage, marked by blossoming in spring. Pollination occurs through insects and wind, leading to fruit development, with the Worcester Pearmain apples typically ripening in early fall. Once mature, the fruit is harvested, and seeds from the apples can generate new trees if planted, continuing the cycle. As a perennial plant, the Worcester Pearmain can also produce new growth annually from existing structures, with the cycle of flowering and fruiting repeating each year for the productive lifespan of the tree.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late winter

    • Propogation: The 'Worcester Pearmain' apple, most commonly referred to simply as Worcester apples, is widely propagated through grafting, which is the most popular method for this type of apple tree. Grafting is typically done in late winter to early spring before the sap starts to flow. This process involves taking a scion, which is a cutting from a healthy, desirable Worcester apple tree, and attaching it to a compatible rootstock. The scion is usually 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters) long with several buds, and it is important that it is properly aligned and securely attached to the rootstock so they can grow together. The joint is then wrapped with grafting tape and coated with a sealing compound to prevent drying out. Over time, the scion and rootstock will fuse together, eventually growing as one tree which retains the fruiting characteristics of the Worcester Pearmain. Grafting not only helps in maintaining the apple variety but also in combining it with rootstock that can impart disease resistance or size control for the resulting tree.