Arcadian Asperula Asperula arcadiensis

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Arcadian woodruff


Asperula arcadiensis, commonly referred to as Arcadian Woodruff, is a perennial plant known for its unique and intricate appearance. The plant typically features a set of whorled leaves, which are organized in a star-like pattern around the stem, giving it a delicate and textured look. These leaves are usually narrow, elongated, and have a smooth edge with a glossy, green surface that can catch the eye. The Arcadian Woodruff produces small, star-shaped flowers which are usually white or pale pink in color and cluster at the top of the stems, forming dainty, umbrella-like formations known as cymes. These flowers are visually appealing with their petite size and subtle coloration, contributing to the plant's overall charm. After flowering, it might develop small, round fruits that are inconspicuous. This species is part of the coffee family and is generally appreciated for its refined foliage and the modest, yet attractive flowers that it bears. As a woodland plant, Arcadian Woodruff thrives in shaded areas where it adds texture and a soft visual element to the understory. Its appearance allows it to blend gracefully with other plants in a natural setting, enriching the biodiversity and visual interest of its habitat.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Arcadian Asperula, Grecian Bedstraw

    • Common names

      Asperula arcadiensis

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Asperula arcadiensis, commonly known as Greek Asperula, has no widely recognized toxicity to humans. However, as with any plant, individual sensitivities may vary, and it is generally advised to avoid ingesting plants that are not commonly recognized as food due to potential risks of adverse reactions.

    • To pets

      There is no specific information regarding the toxicity of Greek Asperula (Asperula arcadiensis) to pets. However, pet owners should be cautious and prevent pets from ingesting plants that are not part of their typical diet. If ingestion occurs and the pet exhibits any unusual symptoms, it would be prudent to contact a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ecosystem Support: Asperula arcadiensis, also known as Greek Asperula, provides food and habitat for various insects and small animals that rely on native flora.
    • Biodiversity Preservation: By growing indigenous plants like the Greek Asperula, gardeners can help maintain the natural biodiversity of their local ecosystems.
    • Pollinator Attraction: This plant can attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, which are vital for the pollination of many other plant species.
    • Soil Improvement: Asperula arcadiensis may contribute to the stability and health of the soil through root systems that help to prevent erosion and improve soil structure.
    • Landscape Aesthetics: With its delicate foliage and small, attractive flowers, the Greek Asperula may enhance the aesthetic value of gardens and natural landscapes.
    • Low Maintenance: Being native to rocky slopes and gorges, the Greek Asperula is typically adaptable to a range of conditions and may require less care than non-native ornamental plants.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Asperula arcadiensis is not commonly recognized for having medical properties.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Asperula arcadiensis, commonly known as Woodruff, can be used as a natural dye for textiles, giving a range of colors from red to yellow depending on the mordant used.
    • It is sometimes included in potpourri mixes due to its sweet hay-like fragrance which is especially strong when dried.
    • Woodruff can be utilized in landscaping as a low-lying ground cover in shady gardens, which also helps to suppress weeds.
    • The leaves are occasionally used to impart fragrance to linens and clothes when placed in linen closets or drawers.
    • In historical times, it was sometimes placed inside mattresses to freshen bedding and repel pests.
    • Woodruff can be used in the production of certain types of cheese, where it imparts a unique flavor during the maturation process.
    • It serves as a natural insect repellent and could be used to protect other plants in the garden from pest infestation.
    • The plant is featured in folklore and may be used as a symbolic decor in festivals celebrating springtime and fertility.
    • Culinary use in syrups and beverages, excluding the well-known woodruff-flavored syrup used for Berliner Weisse, by infusing its sweet scent into various artisanal concoctions.
    • Some artists and crafters use Woodruff to create botanical prints on paper, leveraging its pigments to produce natural, delicate patterns.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Asperula arcadiensis, commonly known as Woodruff, is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant Woodruff is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Connection to Arcadia: As Asperula arcadiensis is also known as "Sweet Woodruff," its symbolism is often connected to the pastoral and idyllic notions of Arcadia, a concept of a harmonious wilderness.
    • Peace and Tranquility: Sweet Woodruff's delicate white flowers and the serene way it carpets the woodland floor symbolize peace and tranquility.
    • Innocence: The small, star-shaped flowers of the Sweet Woodruff convey a sense of purity and innocence.
    • Protection: Historically, the plant was used as a natural repellent against moths and other insects, symbolizing protection and preservation.
    • Healing and Medicine: Sweet Woodruff has been used in traditional medicine, symbolizing healing and the soothing of ailments.
    • Providence and Good Luck: In German tradition, Sweet Woodruff is associated with the feast of St. Barnabas and is considered to bring good fortune, thus symbolizing providence and good luck.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Grecian Windflower should be watered regularly, generally every week, with more frequent watering required during dry spells. It's essential to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. A moderate amount of water, around 1 to 1.5 gallons, should be applied each time to ensure the soil is adequately saturated. During the winter months, reduce watering as the plant enters dormancy, ensuring the soil doesn't dry out completely. Over-watering can lead to root rot, so it's crucial to allow the soil to dry slightly between watering sessions.

  • sunLight

    The Grecian Windflower thrives in partial shade to full sun. The ideal spot for this plant would be a location that receives morning sunlight but is shaded during the hottest part of the day. Dappled sunlight underneath open-branched trees can also be a perfect spot, providing a mix of light and shade throughout the day.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Grecian Windflower prefers mild temperatures, thriving in a range of 50 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It can withstand minimum temperatures down to about 20 degrees Fahrenheit for short periods. To ensure optimal growth, protect the plant from extreme cold by providing mulch or cover if the temperature drops significantly below the ideal range.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Grecian Windflower is generally done to remove spent blooms and encourage a tidier growth habit. Deadheading after flowering can promote a second bloom. Pruning can be done after the first flowering has ceased, usually in early summer, and it's recommended to cut back the foliage after it yellows in the fall.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    For Sweet Woodruff, a common name for Asperula arcadiensis, the best soil mix is rich, well-draining, and moist with a pH range ideally between 4.5 and 7.5. A blend of garden soil with peat moss and a small amount of perlite or sand would ensure proper drainage and maintain a suitable environment for root development.

  • plantRepotting

    Sweet Woodruff, or Asperula arcadiensis, should be repotted every two to three years to refresh the soil and to accommodate root growth. Repotting is best done in the spring before new growth begins.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Sweet Woodruff prefers moderate to high humidity levels. As an understory plant, it benefits from a humid environment that mimics its natural woodland habitat, but it is also relatively adaptable to average household humidity.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide moderate light, moist soil, and regular misting for Sweet Woodruff.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, moist soil, and mulch to retain moisture.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Asperula arcadiensis, commonly known as the Greek Asperula, begins its life cycle as a seed, which typically germinates in moist, well-draining soil during spring. After germination, it develops a root system and a rosette of leaves close to the soil surface. The plant enters a vegetative growth phase where it continues to produce leaves and increases in size. Following vegetative growth, the Greek Asperula matures and enters the flowering stage, usually in late spring to summer, producing small, star-shaped, white or pale pink flowers that are attractive to pollinators. After successful pollination, the plant produces fruit in the form of tiny nutlets which, when mature, are dispersed by wind or animals, completing the reproductive phase. The plant may die after seeding, making it an annual or biennial, or it may persist as a perennial, depending on local growth conditions.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • Asperula arcadiensis, commonly known as Sweet Woodruff, is best propagated through division, a technique particularly effective due to its spreading nature. This method typically occurs in early spring or fall when the plant is not in active growth. To propagate by division, gardeners dig up a clump of the plant and gently separate the root ball into smaller sections, ensuring that each new segment has a portion of the roots and at least a few shoots. These divisions can then be immediately replanted in well-draining soil, spaced about 8 to 12 inches (about 20 to 30 centimeters) apart to allow room for growth. After planting, thorough watering is crucial to help the new divisions establish. This method not only helps gardeners to create more plants but also invigorates older clumps that might have become overcrowded, thus maintaining the plant's vigor and blooming potential.