Armand Clematis Clematis armandi

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Armand clematis


Clematis armandi, also commonly known as the evergreen clematis, is a flowering vine known for its lush, dark green leaves. The foliage of this plant has a leathery texture and often covers the entire vine. The leaves are arranged in an opposite fashion along the vines, with each leaf being composed of three leaflets that have a broad and ovate shape with pointed tips. The evergreen quality of the plant means that it retains its greenery throughout the year, providing a constant display of vibrant color. The blossoms of the evergreen clematis are quite striking and appear in the early parts of spring. These flowers are white, with a slight vanilla fragrance, and are quite numerous. They typically have a star-like form with four delicate, yet firm petals that unfurl from a center full of stamens, radiating an almost luminescent quality. The individual blooms can create a blanket of white over the plant when in full flower, which can be quite an impressive sight. In addition, evergreen clematis can produce seed heads after the flowering season, which offer an additional ornamental quality. These fluffy, ball-shaped seed heads can persist, adding textured visual interest even after the blooms have faded. The plant's vining habit makes it ideal for growing on trellises, walls, or as part of a garden where it can climb and showcase its beauty both in foliage and in bloom. Its general appearance of evergreen clematis is of a robust and versatile ornamental vine, capable of bringing year-round interest to a garden space with its healthy leaves and captivating flowers.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Armand Clematis, Evergreen Clematis, Clematis Armandii

    • Common names

      Clematis montana var. rubens, Clematis chrysocoma.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The toxicity of Clematis, commonly known as Armandii, to humans is generally considered to be mild. However, all parts of the plant contain compounds that can be irritating and potentially harmful if ingested. The most common symptoms of Clematis poisoning include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and salivation. In some cases, contact with the skin can cause redness, itching, or a rash, known as dermatitis. It is advisable to handle Clematis with care and to keep it out of reach of children who might accidentally ingest parts of the plant.

    • To pets

      The toxicity of Clematis, also known as Armandii, to pets such as dogs and cats is similar to its toxicity to humans. It is mildly poisonous and contains compounds that may cause gastrointestinal upset if ingested. Symptoms of poisoning in pets may include drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, and possibly lethargy. In some cases, contact with the plant can cause dermatitis in pets as well. It is recommended to keep Clematis out of reach of pets to prevent accidental ingestion and potential negative health effects.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      20 feet (6 meters)

    • Spread

      10 feet (3 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Clematis armandii, commonly known as Armand's clematis, adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its lush evergreen foliage and fragrant star-shaped white flowers.
    • Aiding Biodiversity: It provides nectar and habitat for pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, thus supporting local biodiversity.
    • Shade and Privacy: Due to its vigorous climbing habit, it can create natural shade and enhance privacy when grown on fences, trellises, or pergolas.
    • Erosion Control: The dense mat of foliage can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes or banks.
    • Seasonal Interest: The plant offers year-round interest with evergreen leaves and a burst of flowers typically in spring, adding seasonal dynamics to garden spaces.
    • Versatility: It's suitable for a variety of garden designs, from cottage-style gardens to modern landscapes, due to its adaptable nature.
    • Screening Unsightly Areas: Clematis armandii can be used to cover up and beautify less attractive garden structures or areas.
    • Vertical Gardening: It's an excellent choice for vertical gardening, a technique ideal for small spaces that maximizes planting areas by growing upwards.
    • Integrates with Other Plants: Its climbing ability allows it to be integrated with trees, shrubs, and other garden plants, creating layered garden designs.
    • Low Maintenance: Once established, it requires minimal care beyond occasional pruning and feeding, making it convenient for gardeners with busy lifestyles.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Clematis armandii can be used to create natural screens and dividers in gardens, offering privacy with its dense foliage.
    • The plant's vigorous growth habit makes it suitable for covering unsightly structures like sheds, fences, and walls, providing an aesthetic green cloak.
    • Its evergreen leaves provide year-round interest in a landscape design, maintaining a green backdrop for other seasonal plants.
    • The long, flexible vines of Clematis armandii can be trained into creative shapes and forms, offering opportunities for topiary art in larger gardens or parks.
    • Due to its rapid and extensive growth, the plant can be used in erosion control on slopes or banks, helping to stabilize the soil.
    • Gardeners can use the plant's vining nature to create living archways or tunnels, which can be especially magical in children's gardens.
    • Clematis armandii's fragrant flowers can provide a natural scent to gardens and outdoor living spaces, eliminating the need for artificial fragrances.
    • The dense foliage of the plant can create a quiet, secluded space for reading or meditation in a garden setting.
    • In large enough spaces, Clematis armandii can be allowed to grow freely as a groundcover, creating a blanket of green over large areas.
    • The plant can serve as a backdrop for displaying garden art or sculptures, providing a contrast that highlights the artwork's features.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Clematis Armandii is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Clematis Armandii is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Mental Agility: Clematis armandi, often known as Evergreen Clematis, symbolizes quick thinking and intellectual flexibility, reflecting the plant's ability to adapt and climb various structures.
    • Ingeniousness: Due to its climbing nature and the way it finds paths to grow upwards, Evergreen Clematis represents clever problem-solving and resourcefulness.
    • Creativity: The vine's prolific growth and abundant blossoms can symbolize creativity and the blossoming of new ideas, much like the plant's profuse flowering patterns.
    • Protection: Evergreen Clematis provides cover and can offer a shield against the elements, hence symbolizing shelter and protection.
    • Perseverance: Its ability to survive and even thrive in challenging conditions means this plant is often associated with steadfastness and persistence through hard times.
    • Spiritual ascension: Climbing plants like the Evergreen Clematis often symbolize spiritual growth and the ascent towards higher consciousness.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-4 years
Spring to early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Evergreen Clematis, also known as Armand Clematis, requires consistent moisture, especially during its growing season in the spring and summer. Water the plant deeply once a week with about 1 gallon for younger plants and up to 2 gallons for established vines during hot and dry periods. It's important not to let the soil dry out completely, but also avoid waterlogging as this can lead to root rot. During the winter, reduce watering since the plant's growth slows down, and the need for water decreases.

  • sunLight

    Evergreen Clematis thrives in a spot with full sun to partial shade. However, it's best to provide protection from harsh midday sun, especially in hotter climates. An ideal location would offer morning sun, which is gentler, with some shade during the intense afternoon hours. Proper light ensures optimal flowering and healthy foliage growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Evergreen Clematis is hardy and can tolerate a range of temperatures, from around 0 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit at minimum to around 80 degrees Fahrenheit at maximum. Its ideal growing temperature is between 50 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Protecting the roots with mulch during extremely cold spells can help the plant survive lower temperatures.

  • scissorsPruning

    Evergreen Clematis should be pruned to maintain shape and encourage vigorous growth. Prune lightly in the early spring to remove any dead or weak stems. After flowering, you can prune more heavily if the plant is overgrown or to shape it. Pruning at the right time ensures the plant remains healthy and doesn't become too leggy or unruly.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Armandii Clematis requires well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. A mix of two-thirds loam and one-third compost or well-rotted manure provides the plant with the ideal soil structure and nutrients. Adding horticultural grit or perlite can improve drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Armandii Clematis generally does not need to be repotted often as they are long-term perennial plants. However, if the plant has outgrown its current container or the soil has become exhausted, repotting every 3-4 years in spring is advisable.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Armandii Clematis prefers moderate humidity levels. This vine tolerates the average outdoor humidity well but does not thrive in excessively dry or overly humid conditions.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright indirect light and good air circulation when growing Armandii indoors.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in fertile, well-draining soil in a sunny or partly shaded spot.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Clematis armandii, commonly known as Armand's clematis, begins its life cycle as a seed which, after dispersing from the mature plant, germinates when conditions are favorable, usually in moist, well-drained soil. The seedling emerges with embryonic leaves and gradually develops true leaves as it enters the vegetative growth stage, where it will vigorously grow, climbing with the help of its leaf tendrils. Over time, the plant matures and begins the flowering stage in early spring, displaying its fragrant, creamy white flowers. After pollination, often by bees and other insects, the flowers develop into fruits known as achenes, each achene bearing a plumed, feathery appendage that aids in wind dispersal. Once the achenes are released, they can be carried by the wind to reach new suitable locations where they can potentially germinate, initiating a new cycle. The plant then enters a period of dormancy during the colder months, reducing its metabolic activity until the conditions become favorable again in the spring.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to early summer

    • The most popular method of propagation for the evergreen clematis, Clematis armandii, is via semi-hardwood cuttings. This approach is typically undertaken during the late summer. A cutting of about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) is taken from a healthy parent plant, ensuring it includes at least two sets of leaves. The bottom set of leaves is removed, and the cutting is dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root growth. It is then planted in a well-draining potting mix, maintaining high humidity and warmth until roots have established, which can take several weeks. It's essential to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged during this time to prevent rot.