Raywood Ash Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
ash 'Raywood'


The Raywood ash is a distinctive ornamental tree known for its appealing aesthetic. It bears a fine, narrow leaf that is delicate in appearance, giving the plant a light, airy texture. These leaves are generally dark green and glossy during the spring and summer months, adding a lush look to the landscape. As the seasons change, the Raywood ash is celebrated for its dramatic autumn display, with foliage transforming into rich claret-red hues, creating a vibrant canopy that stands out in gardens and along streets. The structure of the plant typically includes a rounded canopy with a well-defined central leader that supports numerous branches spreading outward. The overall shape of the Raywood ash presents a graceful and elegant silhouette that can enhance any garden's aesthetic without overpowering smaller plants or overwhelming the scenery. Its bark adds another layer of visual interest; it is textured with a grey to dark-grey color, providing a striking contrast to the foliage, especially during the leafless winter months. This combination of features, including its fine leaves, striking fall color, and attractive bark, makes the Raywood ash highly valued for its ornamental qualities in a variety of landscaping settings.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Raywood Ash, Claret Ash, Narrow-Leafed Ash, Desert Ash

    • Common names

      Fraxinus angustifolia var. oxycarpa, Fraxinus oxycarpa, Fraxinus pallisiae.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Raywood Ash is not typically known for being poisonous to humans. There are no common symptoms associated with poisoning from this plant because it is not recognized for containing toxic substances that affect humans upon ingestion.

    • To pets

      The Raywood Ash is generally not considered toxic to pets. It does not contain known substances that are poisonous to domestic animals, and therefore ingestion should not result in poisoning symptoms. However, it's always prudent to monitor pets if they ingest any plant material, as individual animals may have varying sensitivities, and gastrointestinal blockages are possible if large amounts are consumed.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      40 feet (12 meters)

    • Spread

      25 feet (7.6 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: The Raywood Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood') offers ornamental value with its fine-textured foliage and striking autumn coloration, which can range from rich purples to reds.
    • Shade Provider: This tree grows to a significant size, providing ample shade in parks, streets, and gardens, making it ideal for hot climates.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, the Raywood Ash is known for its ability to withstand periods of drought, making it suitable for xeriscaping or areas with water restrictions.
    • Urban Tolerant: It adapts well to urban conditions, coping with pollution and compacted soils, which is beneficial for city landscaping.
    • Seasonal Interest: Beyond its autumn colors, this deciduous tree has a changing appearance throughout the seasons, offering year-round interest in different stages.
    • Wildlife Support: Although not its primary benefit, the tree can provide habitat and food for various bird species, benefiting the local ecosystem.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • There are no well-documented medical uses for Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood', also known as Claret Ash, in modern herbal medicine or pharmacology.
    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Woodworking: The timber of Raywood ash is strong yet flexible, making it useful for crafting furniture and fine woodworking projects.
    • Tannin Extraction: The bark of the Raywood ash can be used to extract tannins for use in the leather tanning industry.
    • Dye Production: Bark and leaves may yield natural dyes for wool and textile projects.
    • Insect Hosting: Certain butterfly and moth species use Raywood ash as a host plant for their larvae.
    • Fodder for Livestock: While not common, the leaves can be used as emergency fodder for livestock, particularly in times of food scarcity.
    • Soil Stabilization: The robust root system of Raywood ash can help to prevent soil erosion on hillsides and riverbanks.
    • Ornamental Carvings: Due to its fine grain, the wood can be used for ornamental carvings and decorative inlays.
    • Honey Production: Raywood ash flowers can attract bees, making them beneficial for honey production.
    • Bioenergy Crops: It can be grown as a bioenergy crop in some regions, providing biomass for energy production.
    • Windbreaks: Raywood ash trees can be planted in a row to serve as a windbreak, protecting crops and reducing wind erosion.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Claret Ash is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Claret Ash is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Strength and Endurance: Fraxinus angustifolia, commonly known as 'Claret Ash' or 'Raywood', belongs to the Ash family. Ash trees, in mythology and folklore, are often associated with strength and endurance due to their robust wood and resilience in nature.
    • Protection: The Ash tree has been considered a protective emblem by various cultures. It was believed to ward off evil spirits, especially in European folklore.
    • Transformation and Healing: In some traditions, the Ash tree symbolizes transformation and healing, possibly linked to its use in traditional medicine and the renewal it shows through the changing seasons.
    • Wisdom: Ash trees have been venerated as trees of wisdom in certain mythologies, like Norse, where Yggdrasil, the World Tree, is often depicted as an Ash tree, symbolizing cosmic knowledge and connectivity.

Every 2-3 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not applicable
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Raywood Ash tree requires deep watering to establish a strong root system, especially during the first few years after planting. It should be watered thoroughly every two to three weeks, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. A young tree will benefit from 15 to 20 gallons of water each time, depending on the size and age of the tree. Mature Raywood Ash trees are drought-tolerant and may require less frequent watering, depending on the climate and soil conditions. It's important to avoid over-watering as it can lead to root rot.

  • sunLight

    The Raywood Ash prefers full sun conditions for optimal growth. This means the tree should be planted in a spot where it can receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. The more sun exposure the better, as inadequate light can lead to sparse foliage and reduced vigor of the tree.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Raywood Ash is adaptable to a wide range of temperature conditions, but it thrives in regions where the average temperature ranges between 60°F and 80°F. It can survive temperatures as low as -10°F and as high as around 100°F. However, extreme cold or heat for prolonged periods may stress the tree.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Raywood Ash tree primarily helps to maintain its shape, remove any damaged or diseased limbs, and promote a strong, healthy structure. Pruning should be done during the dormant season, typically in late winter before new growth begins. It's usually necessary to prune the tree every 2 to 3 years, focusing on removing inward-growing branches and thinning out the canopy to allow light and air to penetrate.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Raywood Ash thrives in well-draining loamy soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. A mix of garden soil, compost, and sand in equal parts can create an ideal environment for its growth. Regular mulching can help maintain moisture and provide nutrients.

  • plantRepotting

    Raywood Ash trees, being large landscape trees, do not typically require repotting as they are usually planted directly into the ground. If grown in a container, young trees may be repotted every 2 to 3 years to provide sufficient room for growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Raywood Ash trees are adaptable to a wide range of humidity conditions and do not require any specific humidity levels. They thrive in both arid and humid climates as long as their soil moisture needs are met.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Not suitable for indoor growth due to size.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-draining soil, full sun, and water regularly.

    • Hardiness zone

      6-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The 'Raywood' Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood') begins its life cycle as a seed, which after stratification, germinates in early spring. As a seedling, the plant depends on its stored nutrients until it can develop leaves for photosynthesis. In its juvenile growth phase, the tree rapidly increases in height and develops a branching structure; this stage can last for several years. As it reaches maturity, the 'Raywood' Ash develops a thick trunk and a rounded to oval canopy, typically starting to produce flowers and viable seeds between 10 to 20 years of age. Following years of growth, the tree enters the reproductive stage annually, typically flowering in spring with seeds maturing by autumn. The lifespan of a 'Raywood' Ash can be several decades, and throughout its life, the tree undergoes cycles of growth, reproduction, and dormancy with leaves turning an attractive claret-red in fall before shedding for winter dormancy.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood', commonly known as the Raywood Ash, is most commonly propagated by seed sowing. The best time to sow the seeds is in autumn shortly after the seeds are collected; this timing aligns with their natural cycle and ensures that the cold stratification period, which breaks the dormancy of the seeds, is naturally provided by the winter conditions. To propagate by seed, one would first collect the samaras, the winged fruits of the ash, and then separate the seeds from the wings. Seeds can be sown directly outside in a prepared bed or in pots filled with a mix of peat and perlite. They require light to germinate, so seeds should be sown on the surface or lightly covered with soil. Once seedlings are large enough to handle, they can be transplanted to their permanent positions in the landscape. It's important to note that Raywood Ash trees are gendered, and seed-propagated trees won't be clones of the parent, potentially resulting in a variety of shapes and sizes.