Autumn Snowflake Acis autumnalis

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
autumn snowflake


Acis autumnalis, commonly known as autumn snowflake, is a delicate and attractive bulbous perennial that graces gardens with its presence typically in the fall. The plant is characterized by its slender and grass-like leaves that create a fine, almost tufted appearance at the base. These leaves often have a subtle green to grey-green hue and form an understated backdrop to the main floral display. The flowers of the autumn snowflake are its most striking feature. They dangle gracefully on thin, wiry stems and are composed of six tepals. Each tepal is white and typically bears a green or pinkish mark near the tip. The flowers have a bell-like shape that is slightly recurved, revealing the delicate texture and translucency of the petals. They create a nodding effect as they sway gently in the breeze, giving the plant a poised yet whimsical look. Within the center of the flowers, you'll notice a set of contrasting stamens that carry pollen. These are complemented by a single protruding style that adds depth and dimension to the floral structure. When the autumn snowflake blooms, it forms small clusters or umbels of flowers, each contributing to a light and airy display that can add a touch of elegance to any garden setting. After flowering, the autumn snowflake will produce seed capsules, but the plant's overall visual appeal primarily lies in its blossoms and foliage, which exude a subtle, minimalist charm. The refinement and simplicity of the autumn snowflake's appearance make it a beloved choice for gardeners seeking to create naturalized planting areas or those who enjoy the beauty of understated, natural-looking flowers.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Autumn Snowflake, Fall Snowflake

    • Common names

      Leucojum autumnale, Acis autumnale, Leucojum roseum, Acis rosea.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Autumn Snowflake (Acis autumnalis) is not commonly known to be toxic to humans. Therefore, there are no well-documented symptoms of poisoning associated with this plant for humans. As with any plant, individual allergies or sensitivities may exist, so it is always advisable to handle plants with care and avoid ingesting any part without proper knowledge of its edibility and effects.

    • To pets

      Autumn Snowflake (Acis autumnalis) is not widely recognized as a toxic plant to pets. There is limited information available regarding its toxicity to animals such as dogs and cats. However, caution should still be exercised as individual animals might have sensitivities, and ingesting non-food plants can sometimes cause gastrointestinal discomfort or other issues. If you suspect your pet has ingested this plant and is showing signs of illness, consult with a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      0.5 feet (15 cm)

    • Spread

      0.5 feet (15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Acis autumnalis, commonly known as autumn snowflake, adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its delicate, nodding white flowers that bloom in late summer to autumn.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, the autumn snowflake is fairly drought-tolerant, making it a good choice for gardens in drier climates or water-wise gardens.
    • Low Maintenance: This plant requires minimal care once it has settled into its environment, needing only occasional watering and very little pruning or fertilization.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The flowers of Acis autumnalis attract bees and other pollinators, which are essential for the health and productivity of many gardens and ecosystems.
    • Naturalizing: Autumn snowflake has the ability to spread and naturalize in an area, creating a charming, wildflower look in a garden or landscape over time.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The bulbs of Acis autumnalis, commonly known as autumn snowflake, can be crushed to produce a glue-like substance for repairing pottery or ceramics.
    • Dye can be extracted from the autumn snowflake's flowers to color fabrics in a soft pink hue, though this is not a widespread practice.
    • The stalks of this plant, when dried, can be used for ornamental purposes in dry flower arrangements.
    • Autumn snowflake can be used as an educational tool in botanical studies due to its distinctive blooming pattern that differs from other species.
    • In colder regions, the frost-resistant leaves of autumn snowflake may be scattered on walkways to provide a degree of slip-resistance due to their texture.
    • Gardeners might use the seedpods of autumn snowflake as natural rattles to discourage birds or small mammals from foraging in their gardens.
    • The reflective quality of the petals could potentially be used in designing a reflective mulch to keep certain insects away from other plants.
    • Because autumn snowflake is not a well-known plant, artists might incorporate images or motifs of the plant in their work to symbolize uniqueness or rarity.
    • Cultivars of autumn snowflake with particularly robust stems may be included in plant-based engineering projects, like building miniature structures for model landscapes.
    • In rural traditions, blooming autumn snowflake might signal specific agricultural timings or weather forecasts due to its autumn appearance and growing habits.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Autumn Snowflake is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Autumn Snowflake is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Transience: Also known as Autumn Snowflake (Acis autumnalis), this plant typically flowers in the autumn, signaling the end of the growing season and the coming of winter, representing the fleeting nature of life and beauty.
    • Purity: The Autumn Snowflake's delicate white flowers are often associated with innocence and cleanliness, making it a symbol of purity.
    • Hope: As one of the first plants to bloom at the end of summer, the Autumn Snowflake can symbolize hope and the promise of renewal, even as the colder months approach.
    • Resilience: Despite its fragile appearance, the Autumn Snowflake is capable of withstanding early frosts and cooler temperatures, representing resilience in adversity.
    • New Beginnings: The blooming of the Autumn Snowflake coincides with the start of the school year and many harvest festivals, making it a symbol for new starts and fresh endeavors.

Every 2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Early autumn
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The autumn snowflake requires minimal watering once established; during its growing season, in the fall, water moderately when the soil feels dry to the touch. Provide about 1 inch of water once a week, ensuring that the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Once the foliage dies back in late spring, reduce watering significantly as the plant goes dormant over the summer. During this dormant period, limit watering to approximately 1 inch every two to three weeks to prevent the bulbs from drying out completely.

  • sunLight

    The autumn snowflake thrives in areas with full sun to partial shade. The best spot for this plant is where it can receive direct morning sunlight with some afternoon shade. Avoid deep shade as it can limit flowering and overall growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Autumn snowflake is hardy in a range between 20°F to 70°F. They perform best with daytime temperatures of around 60°F and can tolerate light frost. Protect the bulbs from hard freezes by providing mulch or planting in well-drained soil that will not freeze solid.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the autumn snowflake usually involves removing spent flowers and yellowing foliage after blooming is complete. This helps direct energy back to the bulbs for next season's growth. The best time for pruning is in late spring when the foliage has died back naturally, typically once a year.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Autumn Snowflake prefers well-drained soil with a mixture of loam, sand, and organic matter, at a pH of 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Autumn Snowflake should be repotted every 2 to 3 years to replenish the soil and accommodate bulb growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Autumn Snowflake flourishes in average room humidity conditions; no specific humidity requirements.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in a well-lit room, cool temperatures, and well-draining soil mix.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, protect from harsh sun, well-drained soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Acis autumnalis, commonly known as autumn snowflake, begins its life cycle as a seed which germinates in the spring. The seed develops into a bulb, which is the plant's storage organ and survives underground during dormancy periods. Through the growing season, narrow, grass-like leaves emerge followed by delicate, white, bell-shaped flowers on slender stems in late summer to autumn. After flowering, the plant sets seed, which is eventually dispersed, and the foliage dies back as the plant enters a phase of dormancy during the winter. Throughout dormancy, the bulb conserves energy and resources necessary for the next growing cycle. As temperatures and daylight hours increase in the following spring, the cycle repeats with the emergence of new growth from the bulb.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early autumn

    • The most popular method of propagating Acis autumnalis, commonly known as autumn snowflake, is by dividing its bulbs. The optimal time to do this is after the foliage has died back and the plant has entered its dormant period, usually in late summer or early fall. Carefully dig up the clump of bulbs and gently separate them, making sure each division has at least one growth point. Replant the bulbs immediately at a depth of about 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) and spaced approximately 4 inches (10 centimeters) apart to allow for adequate room for the new plants to grow. It is important to choose a location with well-draining soil and partial shade to mimic the plant's natural growing conditions.