Birchleaf Bellflower Campanula betulifolia

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
birch-leaved bellflower


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Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Birch-Leaved Bellflower

    • Common names

      Campanula betulifolia.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Campanula betulifolia, commonly known as birch-leaved bellflower, is not widely reported to be toxic to humans. There is limited information on the specific toxicity of this species. However, as with any plant, individual allergic reactions or sensitivities can occur. It is generally advisable to avoid ingesting parts of plants that are not known to be edible to prevent any potential adverse effects.

    • To pets

      There is limited information specifically on the Campanula betulifolia, or birch-leaved bellflower, regarding its toxicity to pets. In the absence of specific reports of toxicity, it would be prudent to prevent pets from ingesting this plant as a precaution. If a pet does ingest birch-leaved bellflower and exhibits signs of distress such as vomiting, diarrhea, or unusual behavior, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 feet 7 inches (50 cm)

    • Spread

      1 feet 6 inches (45 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Campanula betulifolia, commonly known as the Birch-leaved Bellflower, adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its attractive, bell-shaped flowers and foliage.
    • Attracts Pollinators: It provides nectar sources for bees and other pollinating insects, which is beneficial for the ecosystem.
    • Low Maintenance: Birch-leaved Bellflower is known for its low-care requirements, making it suitable for gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, the plant is relatively drought-tolerant, reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Versatility in Garden Design: Its compact size and shape allow it to fit into various garden designs, from rockeries to borders and container gardens.
    • Long Blooming Period: The plant has a lengthy flowering season, offering visual interest in the garden for an extended time.
    • Cold Resistance: Birch-leaved Bellflower is capable of withstanding colder temperatures, making it a suitable choice for temperate gardens.
    • Ground Cover: When planted in groups, it can serve as an effective ground cover, preventing weed growth and soil erosion.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Fairy gardens: Due to its delicate flowers, Campanula betulifolia is often used to create enchanting scenes in miniature fairy gardens.
    • Educational tools: The plant can be used in botany classes to teach about pollination and plant life cycles.
    • Artistic inspiration: Artists may use Campanula betulifolia as a subject for painting, drawing, or photography to capture its natural beauty.
    • Culinary decoration: The flowers of Campanula betulifolia could be used as a decorative edible garnish for salads and desserts, provided they are free of pesticides and confirmed safe for consumption.
    • Natural confetti: Dried petals of the plant can be used as eco-friendly confetti for celebrations and weddings.
    • Livestock feed: In some rural areas, the foliage could serve as supplementary feed for livestock if known to be safe and palatable to them.
    • Fragrant sachets: Dried Campanula betulifolia flowers may be used in potpourri or sachets to add a gentle, natural scent to drawers and closets.
    • Dye production: Historically, some Campanula species have been used to extract plant dyes, and this species might have potential uses in natural dyeing techniques.
    • Floral arrangements: The bell-shaped flowers can add a charming touch to fresh floral arrangements, centerpieces, or bouquets.
    • Habitat creation: Planting Campanula betulifolia can provide a habitat and food source for pollinators like bees and butterflies.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Campanula is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Campanula is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Enduring Love: The bell-like shape of the flowers of the Birchleaf Bellflower, which is how Campanula betulifolia is commonly known, symbolizes constancy and unwavering love.
    • Gratitude: In the language of flowers, bellflowers often represent gratitude, and the Birchleaf Bellflower, with its delicate blossoms, is no exception.
    • Humility: The way the Birchleaf Bellflower's blooms modestly hang down has historically been seen as a sign of humility.
    • Constancy: As with other Campanula species, Birchleaf Bellflower espouses the idea of steadfastness and loyalty, echoing the perennial nature of these enduring plants.
    • Versatility: The ability of the Birchleaf Bellflower to adapt to a range of conditions can be viewed as a metaphor for versatility and resilience in one's life.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Birchleaf Bellflower (Campanula betulifolia) should be watered deeply to ensure the soil is moist but not waterlogged, as they prefer well-drained soil conditions. During the growing season, watering once a week with approximately one gallon of water per plant should suffice, but this can vary depending on climate and soil conditions. It's important to reduce the frequency of watering during the dormant season, typically in fall and winter, to prevent root rot. Make sure the top inch of soil dries out between waterings to encourage strong root growth.

  • sunLight

    Birchleaf Bellflower thrives in full sun to partial shade. The ideal spot for this plant is an area that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily but is shielded from the harsh afternoon sun, which can be too intense. Dappled sunlight, such as that found under a canopy of light foliage, can also be suitable for these plants.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Birchleaf Bellflower can survive in a wide range of temperatures but generally prefers cooler conditions and can withstand temperatures as low as 20°F. To flourish, the ideal temperature range lies between 60°F and 70°F. They are resilient to brief periods of frost, but extended exposure to temperatures over 85°F may stress the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Birchleaf Bellflower should take place after the flowers have faded, usually in late summer or early fall. This encourages a second flush of growth and prevents the plant from self-seeding excessively. Pruning involves cutting back the spent flowers and any long, leggy stems to maintain a tidy appearance and promote a compact, bushy growth habit. It's often enough to prune them once a year, but some gardeners prefer to deadhead them throughout the blooming season to keep them looking their best.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Birch-leaved bellflower thrives best in a well-draining soil mixture with compost or leaf mold to retain adequate moisture. Its preferred soil pH range is slightly acidic to neutral, around 6.0 to 7.5. A mix of one part loam, one part peat, and one part sharp sand or perlite makes an ideal soil composition for this plant.

  • plantRepotting

    Birch-leaved bellflower typically requires repotting every two to three years. The best time to repot this plant is in the spring, as it emerges from dormancy and before it enters its active growth phase. Ensure that the new pot has adequate drainage holes.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Birch-leaved bellflower prefers moderate humidity conditions, but it is quite adaptable and can tolerate the range of humidity levels typically found in home and garden environments. It does not require any special humidity adjustments for optimal growth.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, well-draining soil, and moderate watering for indoor birch-leaved bellflower.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, enriched soil, and water when topsoil is dry for outdoor growth.

    • Hardiness zone

      Birch-leaved bellflower is suitable for 3-9 USDA hardiness zones.

  • circleLife cycle

    Campanula betulifolia, commonly known as the Birch-leaved Bellflower, typically begins its life cycle with seed germination occurring in the spring when soil temperatures and moisture levels are favorable. Following germination, the seedlings grow into vegetative plants developing a rosette of leaves at the base and a root system. As the plant matures, it produces upright flowering stalks topped with bell-shaped flowers, usually in early to mid-summer, attracting various pollinators. After pollination, the flowers develop into fruit capsules containing seeds, which once mature, are dispersed by wind or animals, completing the reproductive phase. During the autumn, the plant begins to senesce, with above-ground parts dying back, while the root system may go dormant over winter, particularly in regions with cold climates. In the subsequent spring, the plant either resprouts from the existing root system if perennial or begins a new generation through the germination of fallen seeds if biennial.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Campanula betulifolia, commonly known as the Birchleaf Bellflower, is commonly propagated through seed sowing. Seeds are typically sown in early spring after the danger of frost has passed, or they can be started indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last expected frost date. To propagate by seed, one should scatter the seeds thinly onto the surface of a well-drained, moist seed starting mix and lightly press them into the soil, ensuring that they are not buried deeply as they require light for germination. The container must be kept at a temperature of approximately 68-70 degrees Fahrenheit (20-21 degrees Celsius) and the soil should be kept consistently moist. Seedlings will usually germinate within 14 to 21 days. Once seedlings have grown strong enough and all danger of frost has passed, they can be transplanted to their final growing location, taking care to space them around 12 inches (30 centimeters) apart to allow for mature growth.