Blackberry Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache' (B)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
blackberry 'Apache'


Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache' (B), commonly known as Apache Blackberry, is characterized by its distinct fruit-bearing nature and appearance. The plant boasts sturdy canes that often bear thorns, making it easily recognizable in a garden setting. During the growing season, the Apache Blackberry exhibits lush green leaves that provide a dense and vibrant foliage. These leaves are typically oval to oblong in shape with a texture that may feel slightly coarse to the touch. As the plant matures through the spring and into summer, it begins to produce flowers. These flowers are usually white or pale pink, with multiple petals arranged in a circular formation around a center of numerous small stamens, providing a delicate and appealing aspect to the plant. Following the flowering phase, the Apache Blackberry's most distinguishing feature emerges: the fruit. The berries are initially a greenish color, indicating immaturity, but as they ripen, they transition to a deep, glossy black. The fruit is large, plump, and firm, showcasing an attractive and appetizing appearance, with a juicy interior when bitten into. The textural contrast between the thorny canes and the soft, succulent berries represents a striking feature of the Apache Blackberry, making it a popular choice for both ornamental and culinary purposes in gardens and landscapes where temperate conditions prevail. Overall, the plant has a robust and enticing presence, with its cycle of flowering and fruiting providing seasonal interest and utility.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Apache Blackberry, Erect Blackberry, Thornless Blackberry.

    • Common names

      Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache' (B).

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache', commonly known as blackberry, is not considered toxic to humans. In fact, the fruit of the blackberry is widely consumed and is known for being nutritious. There are no known toxic effects from ingesting the fruit of the blackberry plant. However, like any plant, individual allergies or intolerances could potentially cause adverse reactions in some people.

    • To pets

      The Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache', which is commonly referred to as blackberry, is not regarded as toxic to pets. The fruit itself is safe for animal consumption, and many pets can eat blackberries in moderation without adverse effects. There is no evidence suggesting that any part of the blackberry plant is poisonous to pets, although overconsumption can lead to gastrointestinal upset due to the fibrous content. Always introduce new foods to a pet’s diet gradually and consult with a veterinarian if in doubt.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-10 feet (1.2-3 meters)

    • Spread

      3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Delicious Fruit: The blackberry 'Apache' produces large, juicy fruits that are sweet and flavorful, perfect for fresh eating, jams, and desserts.
    • High Productivity: This cultivar is known for its high yield, producing an abundance of berries during the fruiting season.
    • Thornless Canes: 'Apache' has the advantage of having thornless canes, which makes harvesting and maintenance much more comfortable and safer.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, 'Apache' blackberries are quite drought tolerant, reducing the need for regular watering in arid climates.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The flowers of Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache' attract pollinators such as bees, which are essential for fruit production and a healthy ecosystem.
    • Seasonal Interest: With its attractive white or pink flowers in the spring and luscious fruit in the summer, 'Apache' provides aesthetic appeal throughout the growing season.
    • Soil Erosion Control: The dense growth habit of 'Apache' can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion, particularly on slopes or in areas prone to water runoff.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Antioxidant activity: Blackberry leaves and fruits contain high levels of antioxidants, which may help to reduce oxidative stress in the body.
    • Anti-inflammatory effects: The compounds in blackberries might contribute to reducing inflammation in various parts of the body.
    • Gastroprotective properties: Some studies suggest that blackberry extracts could have protective effects on the gastrointestinal tract.
    • Antidiabetic potential: Blackberry components have been researched for their ability to influence blood sugar levels positively.
    • Antimicrobial action: Extracts from the plant have been observed to inhibit the growth of certain bacteria and fungi.
    • Anticancer properties: There is research into the potential of blackberry extracts to fight cancer cells, although this is still in the preliminary stages.
    • Oral health: There is some evidence to suggest that blackberry extracts can be beneficial for maintaining oral hygiene and preventing dental issues due to their antimicrobial properties.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Natural Dye – The blackberry can be used to produce a natural dye for fabrics or even as a natural ink, utilizing the dark juice from the berries.
    • Livestock Feed – The leaves and plant debris of the blackberry bush, when not treated with chemicals, can be a supplementary feed for livestock like sheep and goats.
    • Erosion Control – The dense rooting system of blackberry plants helps to stabilize soil and prevent erosion.
    • Fiber Source – The stems and branches, when treated properly, can be a source of natural fiber that is used in traditional crafts like basket weaving.
    • Environmental Indicator – Blackberry bushes can act as indicators of soil quality and past land use, as they are often found in areas with rich soil or where land has been disturbed.
    • Wildlife Habitat – The dense bramble patches of the blackberry plant provide shelter and nesting areas for birds and small mammals.
    • Food Flavoring – Blackberry leaves have been historically used to flavor teas or ferment to make beverages.
    • Photography – The juice of blackberries can be used in alternative photography processes, such as anthotype, to create plant-based photosensitive emulsions.
    • Garden Aesthetic – Blackberry bushes can be trained along trellises or fences to create a natural, edible barrier that adds beauty to garden landscapes.
    • Cultural Symbolism – Blackberries often feature in folklore and as symbolic elements in poetry and literature, providing cultural enrichment and educational opportunities.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Blackberry is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant Blackberry is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Productivity and Reward: The 'Apache' blackberry, similar to other blackberry plants, is prolific in fruit production when properly cared for, symbolizing the rewards of diligent work and effort.
    • Protection: The thorns on blackberry bushes serve as a natural defense against predators, symbolizing protection and setting boundaries.
    • Healing: Historically, blackberry leaves and roots have been used for medicinal purposes, representing healing and the ability of nature to cure ailments.
    • Adaptability: Blackberry plants like 'Apache' are known for their resilience and ability to thrive in a variety of conditions, symbolizing adaptability and overcoming adversity.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not required
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Blackberry plants like Apache require consistent moisture, especially during fruit bearing seasons, and it is vital to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Water the plants deeply once a week, ensuring that the equivalent of at least 1 to 2 inches of rain is supplied. If using a hose, this usually translates to about 5 gallons of water for each plant, depending on soil type. In hot or windy weather, more frequent watering might be necessary. Always water at the base of the plant to keep the foliage dry and reduce the risk of disease.

  • sunLight

    The blackberry Apache thrives best in full sun, which means at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight each day. Place the plant in a spot that receives clear, unobstructed sunlight throughout the majority of the day to foster the most vigorous growth and plentiful fruit production. Partial shade can be tolerated, but the fruit yield and sweetness may be reduced.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Blackberry plants like Apache are hardy and can tolerate a range of temperatures; they generally do well in USDA hardiness zones 5 through 8. They can survive winter temps down to -10°F and are heat tolerant up to around 100°F. The ideal growing temperature range for blackberries is between 70°F and 85°F, which promotes optimal growth and fruit development.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning blackberry Apache is important for maintaining plant health and promoting robust fruit production. Prune in late winter to early spring before new growth begins by removing any dead or diseased canes and thinning crowded areas to improve air circulation. After fruiting, remove the canes that have already borne fruit, as blackberries produce on biennial canes which means the canes grow one year and fruit the next. Annual pruning encourages new growth, which will be your fruiting canes for the following season.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for blackberry 'Apache' is well-draining, enriched with organic matter such as compost or aged manure, and has a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. A mix of garden soil, peat moss or coco coir, and perlite or vermiculite can create the appropriate conditions for healthy root growth and fruit production.

  • plantRepotting

    Blackberry 'Apache', being a vigorous plant, doesn't typically require repotting as it is often planted directly in the ground. In the case of container gardening, repotting every 2-3 years or when the plant outgrows its container can be sufficient.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Blackberry 'Apache' is tolerant of a wide range of humidity levels and typically thrives in outdoor conditions where the humidity is naturally regulated. No specific humidity requirements are necessary apart from what is commonly found in most temperate outdoor environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide full light, ample water, and ventilate.

    • Outdoor

      Full sun, well-drained soil, regular watering.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The 'Apache' blackberry (Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache') begins its life cycle when a seed germinates in the soil, typically in spring, and a seedling emerges. The seedling develops into a vegetative plant with leaves and a root system, and then progresses to the primocane stage, where it produces first-year, non-fruiting canes. In the following year, these canes become floricanes, which bear flowers that are pollinated by insects, leading to the development of blackberry fruits. After fruiting, the floricanes die back, while new primocanes grow to ensure next season's crop. The plant continues this biennial cane growth pattern, with primocanes maturing to floricanes and then dying after fruiting. Throughout its life, 'Apache' blackberry may also reproduce vegetatively, sending out new shoots from its root system to expand its growth.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The most popular method of propagation for the Apache Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus agg. 'Apache') is by tip layering, which is typically carried out in the late summer to early fall. In this process, the long canes of the blackberry are bent towards the ground and the tip, about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm), is buried in the soil while still attached to the parent plant. The buried tip will take root over the course of several weeks, and by the following spring, it usually has enough roots to be severed from the parent plant and transplanted to a new location. To encourage rooting, it's often helpful to nick the underside of the cane or apply rooting hormone though it's not strictly necessary. This method is favored because it's simple, cost-effective, and generally results in a high success rate with healthy and genetically identical plants.