Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' (22)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
chrysanthemum 'Chicane'


The Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' is a decorative plant, often referred to simply as a Mum. This variety is characterized by an opulent display of flowers that can significantly vary in color, from bright yellows to deep oranges, pastel pinks, purples, or even multicolored patterns. Each flower is composed of numerous petals that are tightly clustered in the center and radiate outward in an overlapping fashion, creating a full and plush appearance. The leaves of the 'Chicane' Mum are typically dark green with a deeply lobed shape that gives them a somewhat feathery or textured look. These leaves can sometimes have a slightly glossy surface, which contrasts nicely with the matte finish of the petals. The overall shape of the plant is generally rounded or mounded, presenting a lush and bushy silhouette that is dense with both foliage and blooms. The stems of this plant are sturdy and able to support the heavy flowering heads which may vary in size. The flowers often have a prominent layer of disk florets at the center, which is surrounded by the larger, more flamboyant ray florets that can sometimes curve or quill slightly at the tips, adding to the overall ornate nature of the bloom. In the context of a garden or landscape, the Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' makes for a striking display, providing a burst of color in the late summer to fall seasons. The plant's overall appearance is one of lush abundance and vibrant beauty, making it a favorite choice for ornamental displays and as a focal point in gardens.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Chicane Chrysanthemum, Chicane Mum, Chicane Hardy Chrysanthemum.

    • Common names

      Chrysanthemum 'Chicane'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Chrysanthemums, commonly known as mums, are not highly toxic to humans, but they do contain compounds that can cause dermatitis in sensitive individuals. If ingested, the plant may cause mild gastrointestinal upset, including vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea. It's important to handle mums with care and wash hands afterward to minimize skin irritation, and to keep the plant out of reach of children who might accidentally ingest parts of it.

    • To pets

      Mums are toxic to pets, such as cats and dogs. If ingested, they can cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, incoordination, and dermatitis. The toxic principles in mums are the sesquiterpene lactones, pyrethrins, and other potential irritants. If you suspect your pet has eaten any part of a mum plant, consultation with a veterinarian is advisable. Keep these plants out of reach to prevent any chance of poisoning.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Adds vibrant color and visual interest to gardens and landscapes with its ornamental flowers.
    • Versatility in Landscaping: Suitable for a variety of garden styles, including borders, containers, and as a cut flower for arrangements.
    • Attracts Pollinators: Helps support local ecosystems by attracting bees, butterflies, and other pollinating insects.
    • Long Blooming Season: Offers a long period of blooming, providing color from late summer through fall.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, it has a degree of drought resistance, requiring less watering.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care beyond occasional watering and deadheading to promote continuous blooming.
    • Hardiness: Can thrive in a range of climates, particularly in USDA hardiness zones 5-9.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Psychedelic research: Chrysanthemums contain a compound that is structurally related to several known psychedelics, which has sparked interest in their potential use in psychological and neurological research.
    • Fabric dye: The petals of Chrysanthemum flowers can be used to produce a natural yellow or gold dye for fabrics, often employed in craft or artisanal textile production.
    • Eco-friendly pesticides: Extracts from Chrysanthemum flowers can serve as a natural insecticide for organic farming, providing an alternative to harsh chemical pesticides.
    • Livestock feed: In some cultures, the leaves of Chrysanthemum plants are used as a fodder for livestock due to their nutritive content and palatability to certain animals.
    • Photography: Chrysanthemum extracts are utilized in traditional photography as a component of certain developers for photographic films and papers.
    • Bioremediation: Some species of Chrysanthemum are known to absorb heavy metals from the soil, making them useful in cleaning up polluted land.
    • Decorative crafts: Dried Chrysanthemum flowers are popular in creating attractive displays, potpourri, wreaths, and other ornamental items.
    • Natural confetti: Dried petals of Chrysanthemum can be used as a biodegradable alternative to paper or plastic confetti in celebrations.
    • Bookmark decoration: Pressed Chrysanthemum flowers are often used to embellish and decorate bookmarks, giving them an aesthetic and personalized touch.
    • Fish tank aesthetics: Some aquarists use Chrysanthemum plants to add natural beauty and structure to freshwater aquarium setups.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Chrysanthemums are associated with happiness and well-being in Feng Shui. To incorporate the Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' into this practice, place it in areas of the home, like the living room or bedroom, to introduce uplifting energy. Their blooming flowers are believed to bring strong Yang energy, which encourages optimism and good fortune. However, they should not be placed in areas designed for rest or meditation, as their Yang nature can be too stimulating.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Longevity and Immortality: Chrysanthemums are often associated with long life and well-being due to their ability to bloom into the late autumn when most other flowers have wilted.
    • Rebirth and Renewal: Their late blooming season also symbolizes the idea of renewal and the cyclical nature of life, as they represent the transition leading into winter and the subsequent anticipation of spring.
    • Nobility and Honor: In some cultures, particularly in Japan, the chrysanthemum is a noble flower, representing perfection and the aristocracy. It’s also associated with the emperor and the imperial family.
    • Death and Grieving: In some European countries, chrysanthemums are symbolic of death and are often used as memorial flowers to honor the deceased during funerals and grave visitations.
    • Friendship and Well-wishing: Given in many cultures as a gift amongst friends, chrysanthemums can symbolize friendship and good will, often given to wish someone a swift recovery or to cheer them up.
    • Loyalty and Devotion: As flowers that can withstand the cold and bloom late in the year, chrysanthemums can represent steadfastness and loyal devotion in the face of adversity.
    • Truth and Honesty: They are sometimes given to convey truth and honesty between individuals, perhaps due to their straightforward beauty and the wide open arrangement of their petals.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Late Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Mums, the common name for Chrysanthemum 'Chicane', prefer even moisture and should be watered regularly. Generally, aim to provide about 1 inch of water per week, either through rainfall or manual watering. During hot or dry periods, you might need to water mums twice a week. The soil should be kept consistently moist but not waterlogged. To water effectively, apply water directly to the base of the plant until the soil is saturated, using approximately 1 gallon of water for each plant during each watering session.

  • sunLight

    Mums thrive in full sunlight, so a spot that provides 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight daily is ideal. They can tolerate partial shade, but too little light can lead to weak stems and poor flowering. The best spot for these plants is in an area where they will receive morning sun and some afternoon shade, especially in hot climates.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Mums prefer cooler temperatures and will bloom best when nighttime temperatures are between 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They can survive in temperatures as low as 32 degrees Fahrenheit, but frost will damage the flowers and foliage. The ideal growing temperatures for mums are between 55 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning mums is important for maintaining a bushy, compact shape and encouraging a fuller display of blooms. Pinch or cut back the stem tips in the spring when new growth is 4 to 6 inches long, repeating every 2 to 3 weeks until mid-July. The best time for major pruning is just after the blooming period to remove spent flowers and encourage new growth.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Mums thrive in well-draining, fertile soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. A good soil mix for Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' can include equal parts of garden soil, peat moss, and perlite to ensure adequate drainage and aeration, while also retaining moisture and nutrients.

  • plantRepotting

    Chrysanthemums should be repotted every one to two years or when they outgrow their current container. Repotting is best done in the early spring before the onset of new growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Chrysanthemums prefer moderate humidity levels around 40-60%. Ensure good air circulation around the plants to prevent disease and maintain the ideal humidity.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright indirect light and keep soil evenly moist.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-draining soil, full sun, and water regularly.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' begins its life cycle as a seed or a vegetative cutting, which upon planting, germinates or roots to give rise to a small seedling. The young plant then undergoes a period of vegetative growth, where it develops a sturdy stem, foliage, and an extensive root system. As it matures and environmental conditions become favorable, it initiates the budding stage, developing flower buds that will bloom into characteristic vibrant flowers. The blooming period can be prolonged with proper care, after which the flowers will eventually fade and the plant will set seeds if pollinators are present or with artificial help. In non-tropical climates, Chrysanthemum 'Chicane' may enter a period of dormancy during the colder months, often dying back to the ground, but with roots staying alive to regenerate in the spring. Finally, when the plant’s life cycle is complete, it will die, leaving seeds or vegetative parts that can give rise to a new generation of plants.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late Summer

    • The most popular method of propagation for the Chrysanthemum 'Chicane', more commonly known as Mum, is through vegetative cuttings. This process involves taking a 4 to 6-inch (10 to 15 cm) long cutting from a healthy, mature plant during the late spring or early summer. The lower leaves are removed, and the cut end of the stem is dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root development. The cutting is then inserted into a well-draining potting mix, ensuring that at least two sets of leaf nodes are beneath the soil surface. The soil is kept consistently moist but not waterlogged, and the cutting is placed in bright, indirect light. Roots typically develop within two to three weeks, after which the new Mum plant can be gradually acclimated to outdoor conditions and eventually transplanted into the garden.