Hardy Mum Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' (PBR)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot'


The Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot', commonly known as mums or chrysanthemums, is a vibrant and attractive flowering plant. Its appearance is characterized by a profusion of full, fluffy blooms that give the plant a lush and densely-packed look. The flowers are a soft pink hue, with the outer petals being a paler pink that gradually deepens to a more intense pink tone at the center, creating a delightful gradient. The petals of the 'Foxtrot' mum are numerous and layered, contributing to its voluminous and pom-pom-like shape. Each flower is rounded and boasts a symmetrical form, which adds to the plant's overall appeal. The foliage of the Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' is typically dark green, with leaves that have a slightly serrated edge, creating an appealing contrast with the softness of the blooms. The overall impression of the Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' is one of vibrant color and abundant floral coverage, making it a popular choice for gardens and floral arrangements. It brings a splash of cheer and a touch of elegance wherever it is planted, often becoming a centerpiece due to its noticeable and delightful appearance.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Foxtrot Chrysanthemum, Foxtrot Mum, Garden Mum Foxtrot.

    • Common names

      Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' (PBR).

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Chrysanthemum, commonly known as the Mum, is generally considered to have low toxicity for humans. However, ingestion of any part of the plant can lead to mild gastrointestinal upset, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. People with allergies or sensitivities to the Asteraceae/Compositae family may experience more pronounced symptoms, such as dermatitis, if they handle the plant and subsequently touch their face or other sensitive skin areas.

    • To pets

      To pets, the Mum is toxic. If ingested by cats or dogs, it can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, incoordination, and dermatitis. In more severe cases, ingestion can lead to a form of poisoning known as pyrethrin or pyrethroid toxicity, which can be serious and may require prompt veterinary attention. Pet owners are advised to prevent their animals from consuming any part of the plant.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Decorative Appeal: Chrysanthemums are widely appreciated for their beautiful flowers, which can enhance any garden or floral arrangement.
    • Variety of Colors: The 'Foxtrot' variety offers a unique hue of flower that can complement a wide palette in garden designs.
    • Extended Blooming Period: Chrysanthemums tend to have a longer blooming season, often from late summer through to late autumn.
    • Pest Resistance: Chrysanthemums can have a natural resistance to certain insects, which can help in maintaining plant health without heavy reliance on pesticides.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, chrysanthemums can exhibit resilience in periods of low water availability.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The flowers of chrysanthemums attract bees and butterflies, which can aid in the pollination of surrounding plants.
    • Easy to Grow: Chrysanthemums are known to be easy to cultivate, making them suitable for both experienced gardeners and novices.
    • Versatile Planting: These plants can be used in garden beds, containers, and borders, providing flexibility in landscaping.
    • Cut Flower Usage: Chrysanthemums are often used as cut flowers due to their long vase life and appealing appearance.
    • Fall Interest: They provide color and interest to the garden during the fall season when many other plants have ceased blooming.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Natural Dye: Chrysanthemum petals can be used to create a natural yellow or gold dye for fabrics, wool, or even paper products.
    • Pest Control in the Garden: The plant can repel certain insect pests and can be planted in the garden for this purpose, although its effectiveness is anecdotal.
    • Companion Planting: Chrysanthemums can be planted alongside vegetables and other plants to possibly help deter unwanted insects through their natural chemical compounds.
    • Biodegradable Confetti: Dried Chrysanthemum petals can serve as a natural and biodegradable option for celebrations, reducing environmental impact.
    • Photography Prop: With their vivid colors and interesting shapes, Chrysanthemums are often used in photography to add an element of natural beauty to the composition.
    • Artistic Inspiration: Artists may use Chrysanthemums as a subject for painting, drawing, or other art forms, often symbolizing autumn and transience.
    • Culinary Garnish: While not a common practice due to their taste, Chrysanthemum petals can be used as an edible garnish to decorate dishes in high-end culinary presentations.
    • Floatation Device Decoration: During festivals, Chrysanthemums may be used to decorate floatation devices like rafts or boats owing to their buoyancy when placed atop the water.
    • Handicrafts: The dried flowers can be incorporated into various crafts, such as making bookmarks, greeting cards, or potpourri.
    • Symbolic Gift: In some cultures, Chrysanthemums are given as a gift in certain ceremonies or celebrations, representing honesty, longevity, or cheering up the recipient.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Chrysanthemum is often used in Feng Shui for its yang energy, which is believed to bring happiness and positivity. It can be placed in the living room or other areas where you want to introduce a sense of joy and vibrant energy, to encourage an atmosphere of relaxation and to neutralize negative energy.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Longevity and Immortality: In many cultures, chrysanthemums are symbolic of long life and perpetual youth, perhaps because they can bloom into the late fall and early winter.
    • Rejuvenation: The Chrysanthemum is also associated with the idea of renewal and revitalization, as it often flowers when other plants are dying or have finished blooming.
    • Nobility: In Japan, the chrysanthemum is a noble flower, often associated with royalty and the emperor, who sits on the Chrysanthemum Throne.
    • Fidelity and Loyalty: Its enduring nature and the way it holds its bloom for a long time makes it a symbol of trustworthiness and steadfastness in relationships.
    • Joy and Happiness: The bright and cheerful appearance of the Chrysanthemum makes it universally representative of joy and bringing light into one's life.
    • Perfect Love: Stemming from its role in Eastern culture, the Chrysanthemum is often given as a gesture of a perfect, unselfish love.

Every 1-2 weeks
5000 - 10000 Lux
Every year
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Garden mums like the Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' require consistent moisture and should be watered deeply once a week, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings. During periods of high heat or drought, watering frequency should increase to twice a week. It's crucial to avoid overhead watering to prevent fungal diseases; instead, water directly at the base of the plant. Provide approximately one gallon of water per plant during each watering session, ensuring that the water penetrates deeply into the soil to encourage robust root growth.

  • sunLight

    Garden mums thrive in full sunlight, with at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. The ideal spot for a Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' is an area that receives morning sun and partial shade during the hottest part of the afternoon, if possible, to protect the colors of the blossoms from fading.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Garden mums prefer moderate temperatures and perform best in conditions ranging between 70°F and 80°F during the day, with nighttime temperatures no lower than 50°F. They can tolerate brief periods outside this range but must be protected from frost. Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' should not be exposed to temperatures below 32°F or above 90°F for prolonged periods.

  • scissorsPruning

    Garden mums, including the Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot', benefit from regular pruning to encourage bushier growth and more blooms. Pinch back the tips of new growth in late spring and early summer, stopping by the Fourth of July to allow flower buds to form. After blooming, cut back the stems to about 6 inches above the ground to keep the plant tidy.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for a chrysanthemum, commonly known as mums, should be well-draining with a high content of organic matter. A mixture of peat, perlite, and vermiculite in equal parts is ideal. They prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil, with an optimal pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Mums should be repotted every one to two years to refresh the soil and prevent root bounding. Best repotting practice is to do this in the spring as new growth begins.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Mums thrive in a moderate humidity environment. An ideal humidity level for mums would range from 40-60%.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright light, away from direct sun, keep moderately moist.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun to light shade; ensure soil drains well.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot' (PBR), commonly known as hardy garden mum or simply 'mum', begins its life cycle when seeds germinate or cuttings root in early spring, developing into small sprouts with initial leaves. As temperatures rise, the plants enter the vegetative stage, producing lush foliage and branching out to form a fuller plant. Throughout the growing season, particularly in late summer and early fall, they enter the flowering phase where they produce abundant vibrant flowers that are the hallmark of this perennial. After blooming, the plant begins to senesce; the foliage may wither, and the plant will go dormant over the winter, especially in colder climates. In the dormant stage, the plant conserves energy in its root system, which remains alive underground. The cycle recommences in the following spring when the plant breaks dormancy, initiating new growth and working towards the next blooming season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • The Chrysanthemum 'Foxtrot', commonly referred to as mums, is most popularly propagated using stem cuttings, typically during the late spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. To propagate mums via stem cuttings, a healthy stem approximately 4 to 6 inches long is selected and cleanly snipped just below a leaf node. The lower leaves are removed, leaving only a few at the top, to reduce moisture loss. The cut end of the stem can be dipped in rooting hormone powder to enhance root development. The cutting is then placed in a well-draining potting mix, and the soil is kept moist but not soggy. Providing a humid environment by covering the pot with a plastic bag or placing it in a propagator can improve the chances of successful rooting. Root development typically occurs within a few weeks, after which the new plants can be gradually acclimatized to less humid conditions and grown on until they are ready for planting out.