Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' (22)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
chrysanthemum 'Holbein'


The Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' is known for its striking and ornamental appearance, which makes it a popular choice for gardeners and floral enthusiasts. This variety of chrysanthemum, often simply called mum, features a dense, bushy form with deeply green, lobed leaves that provide a lush backdrop for its blooms. The flowers of the 'Holbein' chrysanthemum are the main attraction, notable for their intricate and full appearance. Each bloom is composed of numerous petals that may appear layered or slightly shaggy, creating a pompon-like effect that is both eye-catching and elegant. The petals themselves have a soft, velvety texture and come in a vivid array of colors which may include shades of pink, red, yellow, white, or orange. The flowers tend to be quite large and globular, almost resembling a ball shape, depending on how the petals are arranged. Some may exhibit a more cushioned look, with the petals curving inward to create a softer profile, while others appear more open and radiating. 'Holbein' chrysanthemums typically bloom in the later months of the year, contributing a splash of color to the garden when many other plants are starting to wind down for the season. The visual impact of the 'Holbein' is further amplified when planted in groups, where the mounds of green foliage become canvases for the vibrant, showy flowers perched on top. Each plant becomes a focal point of lush foliage punctuated by generously proportioned, attention-grabbing flowers, making the 'Holbein' a beloved addition to any setting where a flourish of natural color and texture is desired.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Hardy Chrysanthemum, Hardy Mum, Garden Mum.

    • Common names

      Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' (22).

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Chrysanthemum, also known as Mum, can be slightly toxic to humans if ingested. The plant contains compounds such as pyrethrins, sesquiterpene lactones, and other potential irritants that may cause symptoms such as dermatitis upon contact with the skin or gastrointestinal upset, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain if parts of the plant are swallowed. Ingestion of large amounts could theoretically lead to more severe reactions, but it is generally considered low in toxicity and severe cases are rare. Handling the plant may cause skin irritation in sensitive individuals, so it is advisable to wear gloves as a precaution.

    • To pets

      The Chrysanthemum, commonly known as Mum, is toxic to pets such as cats and dogs. The plant contains pyrethrins, which can cause symptoms of poisoning in pets if ingested. These symptoms may include drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, incoordination, and dermatitis. In severe cases, ingestion could potentially lead to more serious conditions like depression, hypothermia, or muscle tremors. If a pet ingests Chrysanthemum, immediate veterinary attention is recommended to manage and alleviate the symptoms. It's important to keep these plants out of reach of pets to avoid accidental ingestion.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2 feet (61 cm)

    • Spread

      2 feet (61 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Decorative Appeal: Chrysanthemums are highly valued for their vibrant bloom colors and variety of flower forms.
    • Seasonal Interest: They typically bloom in late summer to fall, providing color when many other plants are starting to decline.
    • Attracts Pollinators: Chrysanthemums attract bees and butterflies, which are beneficial for pollination of gardens and ecosystems.
    • Easy to Grow: Hardy and adaptable to a variety of soil conditions, making them suitable for gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Long Blooming Period: With proper care, they can have a long flowering period, which extends the display of color in gardens.
    • Diversity of Uses: Ideal for beds, borders, containers, and as cut flowers for indoor decoration.
    • Symbolism and Festivity: Chrysanthemums are associated with joy and beauty in many cultures and are often used in festive occasions and celebrations.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Chrysanthemum tea: In East Asia, the flowers of the chrysanthemum plant are steeped in hot water to make a herbal tea that's believed to have a calming effect and aid in relaxation.
    • Edible flowers: The blooms of the plant can be used as an edible garnish for salads, desserts, and other dishes, adding a splash of color and a mild floral flavor.
    • Natural insect repellent: Chrysanthemum flowers contain pyrethrins, which are natural insecticides that can help keep mosquitoes and other pests at bay when grown in the garden.
    • Companion planting: The chrysanthemum is valued in gardening for its ability to deter pests, and it can be planted alongside other crops as a companion plant to protect them from insects.
    • Dye production: The petals of chrysanthemum flowers can be used to produce a natural yellow or gold dye for textiles and other crafts.
    • Festive decorations: In various cultures, chrysanthemum flowers are used to create festive displays and arrangements for celebrations such as the Day of the Dead in Mexico or the Chinese Double Ninth Festival.
    • Aquatic plant supplement: Decomposed chrysanthemum flowers can be used in small amounts to feed aquatic plants in ponds and aquariums, providing them with necessary nutrients.
    • Artistic inspiration: The unique shape and vibrant colors of the chrysanthemum have inspired artists and have been featured in paintings, prints, and other forms of art.
    • Floral crafts: Dried chrysanthemum flowers are often used in crafting, such as in potpourri, floral arrangements, and wreath making.
    • Plant symbolism: Chrysanthemums are often used in cultural ceremonies and rituals as symbols of certain emotions or ideas, such as longevity and rejuvenation in Asia, or sympathy and honor in Western funerals.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Chrysanthemum is believed to bring happiness and laughter in Feng Shui, so it could be placed in areas of the home where you wish to foster joy, such as the living room. It's also associated with longevity and can thus be used to promote a healthy life when displayed in the East sector of your home or space.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Loyalty and Devotion: The chrysanthemum is often given as a symbol of loyalty and steadfastness. A bouquet of these flowers conveys the sender's loyal love and unwavering support.
    • Longevity and Immortality: Originating in Asia, chrysanthemums are associated with longevity and health. They are often used in traditional medicine and are a symbol of a long and healthy life.
    • Rebirth and Renewal: As many varieties of chrysanthemums bloom in the fall, they can represent the idea of rebirth and the cycle of life, as they bring vibrant color to the garden at a time when most flowers are dying off.
    • Happiness and Joy: In general, chrysanthemums are seen as flowers of happiness and joy. Their bright and varied colors uplift spirits and are often associated with positivity.
    • Friendship: White chrysanthemums are used to symbolize true friendship, making it a perfect gift to show appreciation for a dear friend.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every year
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Mums, including the Chrysanthemum 'Holbein', prefer evenly moist soil, which usually requires watering once a week, although this can vary depending on climate conditions and soil type. During active growth in the spring and summer, they may need more frequent watering, especially if the weather is dry or hot. Ensure you provide about one inch of water each week; if using a watering can or hose, this is roughly equivalent to about half a gallon for a standard-sized plant. Avoid overhead watering to prevent disease, and instead water at the base of the plant, allowing the water to soak into the soil and reach the roots directly.

  • sunLight

    Mums thrive in full sun conditions, which means they should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight every day. Place your Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' in a spot where it can enjoy uninterrupted sunlight to encourage robust growth and abundant flowering. If you are growing your mums indoors, make sure they are near a south-facing window to receive ample light.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' plants do best in temperatures between 60°F and 70°F. They can handle a dip in temperature down to 32°F but may suffer if the cold persists. These plants are not tolerant of high heat, and temperatures above 90°F can cause stress. Ideally, situate your mums in a location where they can enjoy the cooler night temperatures to maintain their optimal health.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning mums, such as Chrysanthemum 'Holbein', encourages a bushier plant and more blooms. Pinch back the growing tips of stems by about one inch in early summer to promote branching; repeat this process every few weeks until mid-July. Avoid pruning in the fall as the plant prepares for dormancy. Regular deadheading of spent flowers will also help encourage additional blooms and keep your plants looking tidy.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Mums require well-draining soil with compost added for nutrients. A good soil mix would be equal parts peat, perlite, and black garden soil. The ideal pH for mums, including Chrysanthemum 'Holbein', is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.5 to 6.7).

  • plantRepotting

    Mums should be repotted every 1-2 years to prevent root crowding and refresh the soil. Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' benefits from repotting in the spring before the onset of vigorous growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Chrysanthemums prefer moderate humidity levels, around 40-60%. Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' thrives in environments with consistent humidity but can tolerate some fluctuations.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place mums in bright indirect light and ensure good air circulation.

    • Outdoor

      Choose a sunny spot and protect mums from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Chrysanthemum 'Holbein' (22), commonly referred to as Mum or Chrysanth, starts its life as a seed or vegetative cutting. Germination or root development occurs under warm, moist conditions, leading to the sprout stage where first leaves appear. The vegetative stage follows with the plant growing in size and producing more leaves, during which it requires adequate light and nutrients to develop a strong stem and foliage. As the plant matures and environmental conditions are right, typically in the autumn, it enters the flowering stage, which is marked by the development of distinctive colorful flower heads. After pollination, if it occurs, seeds may form, completing the reproductive cycle of the plant. Post-flowering, the plant enters senescence, where foliage may die back if exposed to frost, although the root system can survive in some climates to regenerate the next season, or it may be propagated again from cuttings.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • The Chrysanthemum 'Holbein', commonly known as mum, is typically propagated through division, which is the most popular method for this cultivar. This involves carefully splitting the plant's root system into several sections, each with shoots and a healthy root ball, to create new plants. The best time for dividing mums is in the spring, just as the new growth begins to emerge. To successfully propagate chrysanthemums by division, dig up the entire plant once the danger of frost has passed, and use a sharp spade or knife to separate the roots into clumps, ensuring each has at least one shoot. Replant the divisions immediately, spacing them about 18 to 24 inches (approximately 45 to 60 centimeters) apart to allow enough space for growth. Water them well to establish the roots and keep the soil evenly moist as the new divisions become established.