Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie' Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie' (29a)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie'


'Pennine Marie' is a compact herbaceous perennial to 65cm in height, with light pink, anemone-type flowers in early autumn

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Mum, Chrysanthemum

    • Common names

      Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie'.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Adds vibrant color and visual interest to gardens and landscapes.
    • Long Blooming: Offers a lengthy display of blooms from late summer into fall.
    • Variety of Uses: Suitable for borders, containers, and as cut flowers for arrangements.
    • Pollinator Friendly: Attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies to the garden.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established, making it a convenient choice for gardeners.
    • Cold Hardy: Can tolerate cooler temperatures and is suitable for a range of climates.
    • Drought Resistance: Once established, it can withstand periods of low water, reducing the need for frequent irrigation.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Artistic Medium: Chrysanthemums like the 'Pennine Marie' are sometimes used in pressed flower art due to their vibrant colors and intricate petal structures.
    • Photography Subject: Gardeners and photographers often use the 'Pennine Marie' as subjects for macro photography, capturing the details of their petals and colors.
    • Culinary Garnish: Although not a common practice, the petals of some chrysanthemum varieties can be used to garnish and add color to salads and desserts.
    • Fabric Dyes: In some cultures, chrysanthemums are used to create natural dyes for fabrics, imparting subtle colors to the material.
    • Bookmark Creation: Dried chrysanthemum flowers can be laminated or pressed into bookmarks as a way to enjoy their beauty in a practical item.
    • Craft Supplies: The petals of the 'Pennine Marie' can be used in various crafts, such as making homemade paper or adding to potpourri mixes.
    • Floral Waters: The 'Pennine Marie' can be used to create scented floral waters for use in home fragrances, linen sprays, or for cosmetic purposes.
    • Wedding Confetti: Dried chrysanthemum petals can be used as biodegradable confetti at weddings, offering a more sustainable alternative to traditional paper or plastic confetti.
    • Gardening Education: This variety of chrysanthemum can be used in educational settings to teach about plant biology, cultivation, and hybridization techniques.
    • Eco-Friendly Packaging: Dried chrysanthemum blooms can be incorporated into eco-friendly packaging solutions, like decorative and protective seed pouches or gift wrappings.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Chrysanthemum is associated with happiness and well-being in Feng Shui, often used to bring positive energy and uplift the mood in living spaces. Place it in areas where you want to encourage relaxation and recovery, such as living rooms or bedrooms, to harness its beneficial properties.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Longevity and Immortality: Chrysanthemums are often associated with long life and immortality in various cultures, especially in Asia where they have been grown for thousands of years.
    • Rejuvenation and Recovery: With its restorative appearance that comes back year after year, the chrysanthemum is often seen as a symbol of recovering from adversity or illness.
    • Nobility and Elegance: In certain cultures, such as Japan, the chrysanthemum is a noble flower, associated with the imperial family and representing refinement and sophistication.
    • Loyalty and Devotion: Due to the flower’s ability to bloom in adverse conditions, it can also symbolize steadfastness and faithful devotion in relationships.
    • Death and Mourning: In some European countries, chrysanthemums are symbolic of death and are used for funerary bouquets or to honor those who have passed away.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every year
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Mums, like the Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie', should be watered regularly to maintain evenly moist soil, especially during dry spells. Typically, water the plant thoroughly once or twice a week, depending on the weather conditions. Deep watering is preferred over frequent light watering to encourage deep root growth. Apply about one gallon of water per plant for each watering session. Cut back on watering in the fall to help harden off the plants for winter.

  • sunLight

    Mums prefer a location with full sun to part shade, with at least 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. The ideal spot would be somewhere with morning sun and afternoon shade, particularly in hot climates, to protect them from intense heat. Avoid too much shade, as this can lead to leggy growth and fewer blooms.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Mums thrive in temperatures between 55°F and 75°F, which are ideal for encouraging flower buds. They can withstand short periods of colder weather, down to about 32°F, but long exposure to freezing temperatures may damage the plant. Summer heat above 90°F can stress the plant, so it's vital to provide some shade during the hottest part of the day.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune mums like 'Pennine Marie' in early spring when new growth begins and pinch back the tips and developing buds through the summer to encourage branching and denser growth. Stop pinching around early July to allow flower buds to form. The best time for a major pruning is after the blooming period, usually late fall or early winter, to prepare them for the upcoming season.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Chrysanthemums should be well-draining with a composition of peat, perlite, and compost. The ideal pH for Chrysanthemums is between 6.0 and 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Chrysanthemums should be repotted annually, as they are vigorous growers and can quickly deplete the nutrients in their soil.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Chrysanthemums prefer moderate humidity levels, typically between 40-60%.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright indirect light and ensure good airflow.

    • Outdoor

      Choose a sunny spot with afternoon shade and shelter from wind.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA.

  • circleLife cycle

    The Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie', commonly known as Hardy Garden Mum, begins its life cycle when a seed germinates in early spring, requiring well-draining soil and adequate warmth. Upon sprouting, the seedling stage involves establishing roots and producing its first set of true leaves. As the plant enters the vegetative stage, it develops a bushy structure through branching and must be pinched back to encourage a more robust form and abundant blooms. During the flowering stage in late summer to fall, the plant produces vibrant flowers, typically after exposure to shorter day lengths, which triggers blooming. After flowering, seeds are formed and then dispersed, or the plant can be propagated through cuttings or division to create new plants. Finally, in preparation for winter, the Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie' undergoes senescence with foliage dying back, though the root system remains dormant underground until the next growing season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • The Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Marie', commonly known as mums, can be propagated most popularly through stem cuttings. This technique is ideally performed in late spring to early summer. To propagate by cuttings, a healthy parent plant is selected, and a stem that is about 4 to 6 inches long (10 to 15 cm) with several leaves is cut just below a leaf node. The lower leaves are removed, and the cut end is dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root development. The stem is then planted in a pot filled with a sterile potting mix to a depth where it stands upright. The pot is placed in indirect, but bright, light and kept consistently moist but not waterlogged until roots have established, which typically takes a few weeks. Once the cutting has rooted and new growth appears, it can be transplanted to its final location.