Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Sweetheart' Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Sweetheart' (29c)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
chrysanthemum 'Pennine Sweetheart'


'Pennine Sweetheart' is a half-hardy perennial to 90cm in height, with divided foliage and flowers to 6.5cm across, with reflexed bright yellow florets, the outer ones flushed pale coppery-pink, pale yellow on reverse

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Mums, Chrysanths.

    • Common names

      Dendranthema 'Pennine Sweetheart', Chrysanthemum morifolium 'Pennine Sweetheart'.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2 feet (0.61 meters)

    • Spread

      2 feet (0.61 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: The Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Sweetheart' offers vibrant blooms that enhance the visual appeal of gardens and landscapes.
    • Versatile Landscaping: It is suitable for borders, beds, and container gardening, offering flexibility in landscaping choices.
    • Seasonal Color: Blooming in late summer to fall, it provides color during a time when many other plants have finished flowering.
    • Pollinator-Friendly: The flowers attract bees and butterflies, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Easy to Grow: This variety is known for being relatively easy to care for, tolerant of various soil types, and requiring minimal maintenance.
    • Cut Flowers: The blooms make for excellent cut flowers, allowing for indoor decoration.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, it can be quite drought-tolerant, reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Fast Growth: It quickly reaches maturity, providing rapid gratification in gardening projects.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Photography Prop: Chrysanthemums, with their striking blooms, can be used in photography to add a splash of color and a touch of nature to portrait and still life photography.
    • Edible Garnish: Some varieties of chrysanthemum leaves and petals are edible and can be used to decorate and add a subtle flavor to salads and culinary dishes.
    • Artistic Inspiration: Artists often use chrysanthemums as subjects or inspiration for paintings, drawings, and textiles due to their vibrant colors and intricate forms.
    • Colorant: The flowers can be used to create natural dyes for fabrics, yarns, and artisanal crafts, producing colors ranging from bright yellows to deep reds.
    • Floating Decorations: Petals or whole blooms can float in water bowls or fountains for an elegant decorative touch during events or in home decor.
    • Craft Projects: Dried chrysanthemum flowers can be used in scrapbooking, card making, or as embellishments in various craft projects.
    • Aromatherapy: The flowers of specific varieties exude a pleasant fragrance and can be used in potpourris or homemade sachets to freshen up living spaces.
    • Eco-Friendly Confetti: Dried petals of chrysanthemums can serve as biodegradable confetti for weddings and celebrations.
    • Cultural Ceremonies: In some cultures, chrysanthemums are used during certain festivals or ceremonies as symbols of joy and beauty.
    • Teaching Tool: Chrysanthemums can be used in educational settings to teach botany and horticulture, illustrating plant growth, anatomy, and life cycles.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Chrysanthemum is associated with happiness and well-being in Feng Shui, so it can be used to introduce positive energy into a space. Placing Chrysanthemums in areas where you wish to boost joy, alleviate stress, or invite longevity is recommended. They are often used in living spaces or offices to enhance the energy and are especially auspicious when used in the center of the home or at the front entrance.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty: Chrysanthemums are often associated with beauty in various cultures due to their exquisite and diverse appearance.
    • Longevity: The longevity of the chrysanthemum's bloom has made it a symbol of a long and happy life in many Asian cultures.
    • Loyalty: The robust nature of 'Pennine Sweetheart' and its ability to bloom in adverse conditions is often linked to steadfastness and loyal affection.
    • Love: The 'Sweetheart' in its name hints at the chrysanthemum's role in representing love and the deep affection between individuals.
    • Renewal: As chrysanthemums typically bloom in the fall, they are sometimes seen to symbolize the idea of renewal and rebirth.
    • Overcoming adversity: Chrysanthemums blooming well into the fall season make them a symbol of overcoming challenges and thriving despite hardships.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 1-2 years
As needed
  • water dropWater

    For the Mum, also known as Chrysanthemum, it's important to maintain moist soil, especially during the growing season. Water the plant thoroughly when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch, which may mean watering once or twice a week, depending on the climate and weather conditions. It's crucial to avoid over-watering as Mums do not like to sit in waterlogged soil. Provide about 1 gallon of water each time you water an established plant in the ground; potted Mums may require about 16-24 ounces per watering, adjusted for pot size and indoor conditions.

  • sunLight

    Mums prefer bright light with some direct sunlight to thrive. An ideal spot would be one that receives at least 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Placing the Mum in a south-facing window or a slightly shaded spot in the garden that still benefits from generous sunlight during the day is optimal.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Mums flourish in cooler conditions and can tolerate a temperature range from 32°F, which is right at the freezing point, to about 70°F, which is a comfortable room temperature. The ideal temperature range for optimal growth is between 55°F and 65°F. While they can survive a light frost, extended exposure to temperatures below freezing can be damaging to the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Mums, also known as Chrysanthemums, encourages bushier growth and prevents legginess. Pinch back the growing tips when the plants are about 6 inches tall, and continue to do so every couple of weeks until mid-summer. This will result in a more compact plant with more flowers. The best time for pruning is in early spring as new growth appears and again after the first flush of flowers to shape the plant and encourage additional blooming.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    For best growth, Chrysanthemums require well-draining soil with a mix of two-thirds organic matter and one-third coarse sand or perlite. Aim for a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Mums should be repotted every one to two years to replenish their soil and provide room for growth; late spring is typically the best time.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Mums thrive in moderate humidity levels, around 60-70%, avoiding excessively dry or overly humid environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide bright light, keep slightly moist, and ensure good air circulation.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-draining soil, partial to full sun, and protect from harsh elements.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of the Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Sweetheart', commonly known as garden mum, begins with germination, where seeds (if produced and viable) sprout in warm, moist soil conditions generally in spring. The seedlings grow into juvenile plants, developing a robust root system and vegetative growth, including characteristic deeply lobed leaves. As the plants mature, they enter a vegetative growth phase during which time they grow rapidly in preparation for flowering; in cultivation, this often involves pinch pruning to encourage bushy growth. Environmental cues such as shorter day lengths trigger the onset of bud formation as the plant enters the reproductive stage, resulting in a profusion of pink flowers that attract pollinators for seed production. After flowering, the garden mum may enter a period of dormancy, especially in colder climates, where it survives as underground structures until favorable conditions return for the next growth cycle. Lastly, the cycle concludes with the plant either dying after seeding (if it's an annual variety) or preparing for the next season’s growth (in perennial varieties), which may involve dieback of aerial parts and the storing of energy in underground parts for the next season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Sweetheart', often referred to as Hardy Garden Mum, is typically propagated by cuttings. To propagate by cuttings, you would take a 3-5 inch cutting from the tip of a stem, making sure there's a couple of leaves left on it. The lower leaves are removed, and the cut end is often dipped in a rooting hormone before being placed in a well-draining soil mix. It's important to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged and maintain a consistent temperature around 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). This method, usually undertaken in spring to early summer, allows for the development of roots within a few weeks, after which the young plants can be transplanted to their final location.