Cornish heath 'Lyonesse' Erica vagans f. alba 'Lyonesse'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'
Cornish heath 'Lyonesse'


'Lyonesse' is a compact dwarf shrub to 25cm, making a close mat of bright green foliage. Flowers white, in long racemes, with conspicuous brown anthers

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Cornish Heath, Mediterranean Heather

    • Common names

      Erica vagans f. alba 'Lyonesse'.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Adds visual interest to gardens with its delicate white flowers and evergreen foliage.
    • Habitat Support: Provides food for pollinators such as bees and butterflies, enhancing local biodiversity.
    • Drought Resistance: Once established, it's tolerant to dry conditions, reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established, making it ideal for gardeners who want an easy-care plant.
    • Year-Round Interest: With evergreen foliage and a long flowering season, it offers visual beauty throughout the year.
    • Soil Adaptability: Can thrive in a wide range of soils, although it prefers well-drained, acidic soils.
    • Compact Growth: Its natural compact form makes it suitable for small gardens or as ground cover.
    • Wind Resistance: Its sturdy nature allows it to withstand exposure to windy conditions, making it suitable for coastal gardens.
    • Deer Resistant: Less palatable to deer, helping to protect it from wildlife damage.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Artistic Inspiration: The pristine white blooms of Erica vagans 'Lyonesse' can inspire artists and photographers, providing a delicate subject for their work.
    • Crafting Materials: The stems and flowers can be dried and used in the creation of natural, botanical jewelry or incorporated into decorative wreaths and arrangements.
    • Dye Source: While not common, the flowers and leaves could potentially be used to create natural dyes for small-scale fabric dyeing projects.
    • Educational Specimen: This plant can be used in educational settings for botany studies, demonstrating plant growth patterns, pollination, and ecosystem diversity.
    • Sensory Garden Addition: Its texture and color can add a sensory dimension to gardens designed for therapeutic or educational purposes, particularly for the visually impaired.
    • Photography Backdrops: The white flowers of 'Lyonesse' can provide a clean, neutral backdrop for close-up photography of insects and other small wildlife.
    • Erosion Control: The plant's ability to grow in poor soils and its mat-forming habit make it useful for stabilizing soils in areas at risk of erosion.
    • Ground Cover for Model Landscapes: Model enthusiasts can use this plant to create realistic miniature landscapes or for diorama projects.
    • Garden Competition Plant: Gardeners might cultivate Erica vagans 'Lyonesse' to enter in garden shows or horticultural competitions due to its visual appeal.
    • Landscape Design Education: This plant could be used in landscape design courses to teach about form, color contrast, and creating year-round garden interest.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Cornish heath is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Cornish heath is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty: The striking appearance of the Erica vagans, commonly known as heath, implies a symbolic meaning of beauty and admiration.
    • Solitude: Heaths often grow in quiet, isolated places, thereby symbolizing solitude and a strong independent spirit.
    • Protection: Traditionally, heath plants were thought to have protective properties, so they symbolize safeguarding and shelter.
    • Good luck: In some cultures, heath is considered a lucky plant to bring fortune and positive outcomes.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Summer to Autumn
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Cornish heath should be watered regularly to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Depending on the climate, this might mean watering once or twice a week. During the growing season, in spring and summer, they may require more frequent watering, and less during the dormant winter months. It's best to check the top inch of soil before watering; if it's dry, it's time to water. Provide about 1 gallon of water per week during the active growing season, adjusting for rainfall and temperature changes.

  • sunLight

    Cornish heath thrives in full sun to partial shade. The ideal spot for this plant would be a location where it can receive at least 4 to 6 hours of sunlight daily. Ensure that it is sheltered from the intense afternoon sun, especially in hotter climates, as this can cause stress to the plant.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Cornish heath prefers mild climates and can generally withstand temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit but will thrive best in temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They are hardy but may require protection from extreme cold or frost, especially in areas where temperatures dip below its minimum tolerance.

  • scissorsPruning

    Cornish heath should be pruned to maintain shape and encourage bushy growth. The best time for pruning is immediately after flowering, typically in late summer. Prune lightly, removing spent flower stalks and any dead or dying branches. Annual pruning helps to prevent the plant from becoming leggy and promotes healthier, denser foliage.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Cornish Heath is one that is well-draining, acidic, and contains a mixture of peat, sand, and loamy soil. A pH level of 4.5 to 5.5 is ideal for Erica vagans f. alba 'Lyonesse.'

  • plantRepotting

    Cornish Heath should be repotted every 2 to 3 years to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth. Best done in the spring before new growth starts.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Cornish Heath thrives in moderate humidity levels; it doesn't require overly humid conditions. Ensure good air circulation around the plant.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, acidic soil, cool temps, and moderate humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-draining, acidic soil; full sun to part shade.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Cornwall Heath 'Lyonesse' begins its life cycle as a seed, which germinates in well-drained, acidic soil. Once sprouted, the seedling develops into a young plant, establishing a root system and producing needle-like foliage. As it matures, it enters a vegetative stage, where it continues to grow, forming a bushy evergreen shrub. During the flowering stage, typically in late summer to early fall, it produces clusters of small, bell-shaped, white flowers that attract pollinators. After pollination, the flowers develop into small seed capsules, which eventually open to release seeds, completing the reproductive cycle. This perennial shrub will then continue to grow and may undergo periods of dormancy during colder months, resuming active growth with the return of favorable conditions.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Summer to Autumn

    • The most popular method of propagation for Erica vagans f. alba 'Lyonesse', commonly known as Cornish heath, is through semi-ripe cuttings. This is typically done in mid to late summer. To propagate, one would take a cutting of about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) long, ensuring that it includes a small part of the older wood, or a "heel," at the base. The leaves at the lower part of the stem are removed, and the base of the cutting is dipped in rooting hormone before being inserted into a pot filled with a mix of peat and perlite or a fine-grade rooting compost. The cuttings should then be placed in a cold frame or a sheltered spot with indirect light and kept moist until roots develop, which usually takes a few weeks to a couple of months. Once rooted, the planting can be transferred to individual pots and eventually planted out in the garden after the risk of frost has passed.