Crabapple Malus 'Adirondack'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
crab apple 'Adirondack'


The Malus 'Adirondack' is a captivating flowering crabapple known for its vibrant bloom and ornamental appeal. This plant displays an array of spectacular white flowers that are densely packed in clusters, making it a visual delight in any landscape. The pure white petals contrast beautifully with the rich pinkish-red buds from which they emerge, creating a stunning display during the blooming season. Following the bloom, the plant bears small, bright red to orange-red fruits that add a burst of color and provide visual interest throughout the late summer and fall. Throughout the seasons, the foliage of the Malus 'Adirondack' changes, offering a dynamic display. The leaves are a glossy green color during the growing season, which then transform into striking shades of yellow and orange in the fall, providing an additional layer of seasonal interest. The branching structure of this crabapple is upright and spreading, which gives it a distinctive and appealing overall form that enhances its ornamental value. The bark is also noteworthy for adding textural contrast, with a grayish hue that supports the vibrant colors of the foliage and fruits.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Adirondack Crabapple

    • Common names

      Malus 'Adirondack'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Malus 'Adirondack', commonly known as the flowering crabapple, is not considered toxic to humans. The fruit of crabapple trees is actually edible, albeit often very tart in taste. It's important to note, however, that like many apple species, the seeds contain compounds that can release cyanide when ingested in large quantities. Accidental consumption of a few seeds is not usually a concern, but consuming a significant number of seeds could potentially lead to cyanide poisoning, which can cause symptoms such as headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, and in extreme cases, seizures, coma, or even death.

    • To pets

      The flowering crabapple is also not generally toxic to pets. However, as with humans, the seeds can be harmful if consumed in large amounts because they contain compounds capable of releasing cyanide. While small amounts of chewed seeds might not cause issues, ingestion of a large number of seeds can lead to cyanide toxicity in pets as well. Symptoms of cyanide poisoning in pets can include difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, bright red gums, and potential shock or death. Generally, it's unlikely a pet would eat enough seeds to cause serious harm, but it's still a good idea to keep an eye on pets around any fruit trees to prevent any possible issues.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      18 feet (5.49 meters)

    • Spread

      10 feet (3.05 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Beauty: The Crabapple 'Adirondack' is known for its attractive white flowers, making it a popular ornamental tree.
    • Compact Size: Its relatively small stature allows it to fit in urban gardens or smaller landscapes where space is limited.
    • Seasonal Interest: This crabapple offers year-round visual interest with spring blossoms, summer foliage, fall color, and persistent winter fruit.
    • Wildlife Attraction: The fruit of the 'Adirondack' crabapple is a food source for birds and other wildlife, encouraging biodiversity.
    • Disease Resistance: The tree has good resistance to common crabapple diseases such as apple scab and mildew, reducing the need for chemical treatments.
    • Pollination Support: As a flowering tree, it provides pollen and nectar for bees and other pollinating insects.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Photography Prop: Malus 'Adirondack' with its compact shape and profuse white blooms is often used as a backdrop or feature in springtime photography.
    • Bonsai: Some enthusiasts may employ the Adirondack crabapple for creating bonsai trees due to its attractive flowers and fruit.
    • Wildlife Habitat: The dense branches and foliage provide nesting sites for birds and the fruit serves as a food source for various wildlife.
    • Educational Tool: This plant can be used in schools or educational programs to teach about plant life cycles, pollination, and fruit development.
    • Artistic Inspiration: Artists may use the Adirondack crabapple as a subject for paintings, drawings, and other forms of visual art.
    • Landscape Design: It is used prominently in landscape design for its ornamental value and four-season interest.
    • Crafting: Dried branches and twigs can be used in floral arrangements or craft projects.
    • Fruit Pectin Source: While not commonly used for its fruit, the pectin from the crabapples can be extracted and used for making jellies and jams.
    • Bird Watching: The tree attracts a variety of birds when in fruit, offering an excellent opportunity for bird-watching enthusiasts.
    • Winter Garden Interest: The persistent fruit and the plant's structure provide visual interest in the garden during the winter months.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Crabapple is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Crabapple is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty and Grace: The Malus 'Adirondack', commonly known as the Crabapple, is admired for its beautiful white flowers and graceful form, symbolizing both beauty and poise.
    • Love and Marriage: In various cultures, Crabapple blossoms are considered symbols of love and are associated with marriage and fertility, representing the sweet and long-lasting nature of romantic bonds.
    • Renewal and Starting Afresh: The Crabapple tree's cycle of blooming anew each spring makes it a symbol of rebirth and the chance to start fresh, much like the new beginnings nature embodies each season.
    • Peace and Harmony: The tree's pleasant appearance and the harmonious way its blossoms adorn the branches lend it to symbolize peace and the pursuit of a harmonious existence.

Every 7-10 days
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not applicable
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Adirondack Crabapple should be watered deeply and thoroughly to ensure that the root zone is adequately moistened, usually requiring about 1-2 gallons of water per week during the growing season. Increase water to twice a week during hot, dry periods. During the dormant season, reduce watering to when the soil feels dry to the touch at a depth of 2 inches. Newly planted trees should be watered every 2-3 days to help establish roots, then gradually reduce the frequency as the tree becomes established. Avoid overwatering to prevent root rot, which can be detrimental to the tree's health.

  • sunLight

    Adirondack Crabapple thrives best in full sun to part shade conditions, with a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight per day. It is important to place the tree in a location where it is exposed to enough light to promote healthy growth and abundant flowering. Trees that receive less light may not flower as profusely and may become more susceptible to disease.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Adirondack Crabapple trees are hardy and adapt well to a range of temperatures, ideally growing in USDA zones 4 through 8. They can withstand minimum temperatures down to around -30°F during dormancy in winter and are tolerant of summer heat as long as they are well-watered. The ideal temperature range for vigorous growth is between 60°F and 75°F. Extreme heat above 95°F may stress the tree, especially if not adequately watered.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Adirondack Crabapple is important to remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches and to maintain its attractive shape. It's best to prune in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. Periodic thinning out of the canopy can also improve air circulation and light penetration, which helps reduce the likelihood of disease. Pruning should be done annually to keep the tree healthy and well-structured.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Crabapple trees, like Malus 'Adirondack', is well-draining, loamy soil. Incorporate organic matter such as leaf mold or well-rotted manure to enhance nutrient content. A slightly acidic to neutral pH of 6.0-7.0 is ideal for Crabapple trees.

  • plantRepotting

    Malus 'Adirondack', or Crabapple trees, are typically planted outdoors and do not require regular repotting. If grown in containers, young trees should be repotted every 2 to 3 years to encourage growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Crabapple trees like Malus 'Adirondack' are adaptable and do not require specific humidity levels. They thrive in outdoor conditions with natural atmospheric humidity.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Not ideal for indoor growth, needs full sun.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, well-drained soil; water regularly.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Malus 'Adirondack', commonly known as the 'Adirondack' crabapple, starts its life cycle as a dormant seed which germinates in spring when soil temperatures and moisture conditions are suitable. Following germination, it grows rapidly into a seedling and then into a young sapling, establishing a root system and sprouting leaves and stems. As it matures into a flowering tree, 'Adirondack' crabapple produces buds that develop into fragrant white flowers in late spring, which are important for pollinators. After pollination, typically by bees, the flowers give way to small, bright red crabapples by late summer or early fall, which serve as a food source for wildlife. The tree then enters a period of dormancy in winter, shedding its leaves and conserving energy for the next growing season. This cycle of growth, flowering, fruiting, and dormancy repeats annually for the duration of the tree's life, which can span several decades if grown in favorable conditions.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The Malus 'Adirondack', commonly known as the Adirondack crabapple, is commonly propagated through grafting. This method involves taking a scion, which is a small branch with buds, from a healthy Adirondack crabapple tree and joining it to the rootstock of another apple variety. Grafting is typically done in late winter or early spring before the sap starts to flow. The scion and rootstock must be carefully cut and fitted together so that the vascular cambiums align to ensure a successful union. The graft is then secured with grafting tape or wax to prevent dehydration and infection while the graft heals and the tissues fuse, a process that may take several weeks to months.