Davis's Fritillary Fritillaria davisii

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Davis fritillary


Fritillaria davisii, more commonly known as Davis' fritillary, is characterized by the distinctive features commonly found within the Fritillaria genus. This plant possesses a singular, straight stalk which supports a remarkable display of bell-shaped flowers. These flowers typically boast a unique checkered pattern, consisting of muted earthy tones that range from greenish-brown to purplish hues. The petals of Davis' fritillary have a waxy texture and gracefully curve backward, leading towards the tips which occasionally appear to be slightly recurved. Each flower has a modest yet striking appearance and is pendant from the stem, facing downwards as if shyly avoiding the gaze of the onlooker. The inside of these petals is adorned with a delicate array of spots that contribute to the checkered appearance, lending an intricate, tessellated aesthetic to the blossom. The leaves of Davis' fritillary are narrow, lance-shaped, and alternate along the stem of the plant, wrapping around it in a helical pattern. This arrangement provides a robust vertical aspect to the plant's structure. During the blooming season, the green of the foliage offers a pleasing contrast to the earthy colors of the flowers, enhancing the plant's ornamental allure. Davis' fritillary's overall appearance is that of an elegant and understated herbaceous plant, with each component—the stem, leaves, and distinctive flowers—coming together to form a harmonious and captivating display in the environments where it is found growing naturally.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Davis's Fritillary

    • Common names

      Fritillaria davisii

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      There is limited specific information available on the toxicity of Fritillaria davisii to humans. As a general precaution, many plants in the Fritillaria genus contain alkaloids that can be toxic if ingested. If Fritillaria davisii contains similar compounds, consuming it could potentially lead to symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In severe cases, toxicity may affect the heart and nervous system. Therefore, it is prudent to avoid ingesting any part of this plant and keep it out of reach of children.

    • To pets

      The toxicity of Fritillaria davisii to pets, such as cats and dogs, has not been well-documented. However, it is known that some Fritillaria species contain alkaloids which can be harmful to animals if ingested. Consumption of these plants may present symptoms similar to those in humans, including vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and potentially more serious issues involving the heart and nervous system. Therefore, it is advisable to prevent pets from ingesting any part of the plant. If ingestion occurs, immediate veterinary care should be sought.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot (30 centimeters)

    • Spread

      1 foot (30 centimeters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Value: Fritillaria davisii is known for its unique and attractive flowers that add beauty to gardens and landscapes.
    • Biodiversity: It contributes to biodiversity by supporting various insects and pollinators such as bees and butterflies when in bloom.
    • Educational Interest: As a lesser-known species, Fritillaria davisii provides educational opportunities for botanists and horticulture enthusiasts to learn about different plant species and their cultivation.
    • Cultural Significance: Certain Fritillaria species have historical and cultural importance in various regions, potentially including cultivation and use in traditional festivities and arts.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Fritillaria davisii bulbs can be used as a natural dye for fabrics, providing a range of colors depending on the mordant used.
    • The crushed bulbs of the plant may serve as a natural pesticide in organic gardening to deter certain insects and pests.
    • Often grown for its ornamental value, Fritillaria davisii can add visual interest to rock gardens with its unique bell-shaped flowers.
    • Sometimes used in perfumery, the scent of Fritillaria davisii can be extracted and incorporated into fragrant blends.
    • The sturdy stems can be included in floral arrangements, providing an exotic and long-lasting option for florists.
    • Eco-printing enthusiasts may use the leaves and flowers to create detailed prints on paper or textiles due to the plant's pigmentation.
    • In areas where it is native, it may play a role in cultural festivals or traditions, particularly in spring celebrations when it blooms.
    • Botanical artists may use Fritillaria davisii as a subject in their work due to its distinctive flower shape and coloration.
    • The plant's tolerance to certain soil conditions makes it useful for revegetation or restoration projects in its native habitat.
    • Enthusiasts of rare plants may cultivate Fritillaria davisii as part of their collection, promoting biodiversity in gardens and greenhouses.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Fritillaria davisii is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Fritillaria davisii is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: Fritillaria davisii is known for its hardiness and ability to thrive in rocky, subalpine or alpine terrains, symbolizing an individual's resilience in difficult conditions.
    • Unique Beauty: With its distinctive checkered pattern, the fritillary represents uniqueness and a beauty that stands out from the ordinary, encouraging one to embrace their individuality.
    • Nobility: Due to its stately appearance and somewhat rare occurrence, it is often associated with nobility and grace.
    • Protection: In some traditions, fritillaries are believed to ward off evil spirits, signifying protection and a safe space.

Every 2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Fritillaria davisii, commonly known as Davis's fritillary, requires careful watering to avoid waterlogging. During the growing season, water Davis's fritillary when the top inch of soil feels dry, about once a week, with about 16 ounces of water per plant. In the dormant season, reduce watering frequency to once every few weeks as the plant requires less moisture when it's not actively growing. It's crucial not to over-water as this can lead to bulb rot.

  • sunLight

    Davis's fritillary thrives in full sunlight to partial shade. The ideal spot for the plant is where it can receive at least six hours of sunlight a day, although it can tolerate light dappled shade especially in hotter climates. Avoid deep shade as it can impede the plant's growth and flowering potential.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Davis's fritillary prefers cooler temperatures and will grow best when daytime temperatures are between 60°F to 75°F. It can survive minimum temperatures down to around 20°F but should be protected from severe frost. During the summer, it's important to ensure the plant is not exposed to prolonged temperatures over 80°F.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning is not generally required for Davis's fritillary, as the plant naturally dies back after flowering. However, you can remove spent flower stems and yellowing foliage to maintain a tidy appearance. Do this after blooming has finished and the foliage has begun to decline, which is typically in late spring or early summer.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Fritillaria davisii, or Davis's fritillary, prefers well-draining, fertile soil with an alkaline to neutral pH, typically between 6.5 and 7.5. A suitable soil mix can be composed of equal parts loam, leaf mold or coir, and sharp sand or gravel. This mix ensures proper drainage while retaining enough nutrients for the plant's growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Davis's fritillary does not need frequent repotting; it should be repotted every 2 to 3 years. Repotting is best done in the fall after the foliage has died back, as this allows the bulb to re-establish in fresh soil before entering its dormant period.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Davis's fritillary prefers moderate humidity levels. The best humidity range for this plant would be between 40-60%. Avoid placing it in excessively dry environments or overly humid conditions, which could lead to bulb rot.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Position Davis's fritillary in bright light, away from drafts.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in a sunny spot with well-draining alkaline soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      6-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of Fritillaria davisii, commonly known as Davis's Fritillary, begins with seed germination, which is dependent on suitable environmental conditions such as temperature and moisture. Upon germinating, the plant develops a bulb, which serves as an underground storage organ. Through a period of vegetative growth, leaves emerge above ground, allowing the plant to photosynthesize and gather energy. Following vegetative growth, Fritillaria davisii enters the reproductive phase, producing distinctive bell-shaped flowers that are adapted to pollination by insects. After successful pollination, the flowers develop into capsules containing seeds, which are then dispersed by various mechanisms, including wind and possibly animal movement. As the growing season concludes, the plant enters dormancy, with the bulb surviving underground until conditions trigger the onset of the next growth cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Propogation: Fritillaria davisii, more commonly known as Davis's fritillary, is typically propagated through bulb scales or seeds. The most popular method is via seed propagation, which is usually carried out in autumn. Fresh seeds are sown in containers with well-drained, loamy soil and lightly covered. The containers are then exposed to a winter chilling period, either naturally outdoors or using artificial stratification methods, which involves refrigerating the seeds at approximately 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4 degrees Celsius) for about three months to simulate winter conditions. After the cold treatment, the seeds are gradually acclimated to warmer temperatures to initiate germination in the spring. Seed-grown plants may take several years before they flower, as the bulbs need to reach a sufficient size to produce flowering stems.