Dog's-tooth violet Erythronium dens-canis 'Pink Perfection'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
dog's tooth violet 'Pink Perfection'


Erythronium dens-canis 'Pink Perfection', commonly known as dog's tooth violet, is notable for its unique and delightful appearance. It features charming pink flowers that nod gracefully on slender stems, resembling a Turkish turban in shape. The petals, which curve back and reveal a lighter base, are a striking contrast to the prominent yellow stamens at the flower's center. These blooms bring an early spring whimsy to any garden, offering a gentle yet beautiful display. The foliage of the dog's tooth violet 'Pink Perfection' is equally attractive, with lush green leaves mottled with shades of maroon or brown. These leaves have a glossy finish, which further enhances their visual interest, adding depth and texture to the plant's overall appearance. The leaves typically emerge in pairs and have a lance-like shape that complements the elegant flowers. As the name 'Pink Perfection' suggests, this variety of the dog's tooth violet is particularly appreciated for its lovely pink petals, giving it a distinct advantage in garden landscapes where color is a key focus. Despite its common name implying a violet hue, the 'Pink Perfection' variation deviates from this palette, celebrating the warmer tones within its color spectrum.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Dog's Tooth Violet, Dogtooth Violet, Trout Lily

    • Common names

      Erythronium dens-canis 'Pink Perfection'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Dog's tooth violet 'Pink Perfection' is not commonly known to be toxic to humans. However, as a general precaution, it is not advisable to ingest any part of ornamental plants not intended for consumption due to possible adverse effects or individual sensitivities.

    • To pets

      Dog's tooth violet 'Pink Perfection' is not commonly regarded as poisonous to pets such as dogs or cats. However, ingestion of any plant material can potentially cause gastrointestinal discomfort in some pets including symptoms like vomiting or diarrhea. It is recommended to prevent pets from ingesting plants that are not specifically intended for animal consumption to safeguard their health.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-8 inches (10-20 cm)

    • Spread

      4-6 inches (10-15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Beauty: The 'Pink Perfection' cultivar of Dog's tooth violet provides delicate, nodding pink flowers in early spring, enhancing garden aesthetics.
    • Shade Tolerance: It thrives in shady areas where other flowering plants might struggle to grow.
    • Naturalizing: Dog's tooth violet can spread and naturalize over time, creating a carpet of color without the need for constant replanting.
    • Pollinator Attraction: Its blooms attract early-season pollinators such as bees, providing much-needed nectar as the weather warms.
    • Low Maintenance: Once established in suitable conditions, it requires very little care, making it ideal for casual gardeners.
    • Seasonal Interest: It adds early spring interest to woodland gardens, borders, or shade gardens just as the rest of the garden is waking up.
    • Companion Planting: Erythronium meshes well with other shade-loving plants, helping to create a diverse and layered planting scheme.
    • Rarity Appeal: The 'Pink Perfection' is a less common variant that brings a unique charm to the garden compared to more typical Erythronium varieties.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    - This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Erythronium dens-canis 'Pink Perfection', commonly known as dogtooth violet, can be used in shaded rock gardens for its striking appearance.
    • In photography, the dogtooth violet is often chosen as a subject for macro photography due to its intricate patterns and colors.
    • Flower pressing enthusiasts take advantage of the dogtooth violet's delicate form and color for creating artistic pressed flower designs.
    • The plant is occasionally used in educational settings for botany students to study bulbous plant structures and early spring flowering patterns.
    • As an indicator species, dogtooth violet can signal a healthy, undisturbed woodland ecosystem, useful for ecological monitoring.
    • Culinary artists sometimes use the crystallized flowers to decorate desserts, although the plant should not be consumed in large quantities.
    • Due to its early bloom, the dogtooth violet is useful for beekeepers as a source of early spring nectar for honeybees.
    • It can be used in thematic gardens, such as fairy or elfin-themed spaces, because of its whimsical shape and color.
    • Some artisans may use the flower's image or actual dried petals in resin jewelry, encapsulating its beauty in wearable art.
    • Gardeners can use dogtooth violet's blooming as a phenological sign that it’s time to plant other temperature-sensitive crops in the garden.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Dog's tooth violet is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Dog's tooth violet is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Elegance: The delicate and unique appearance of the Erythronium, commonly known as Dog's Tooth Violet, often symbolizes elegance and grace.
    • Purity: Dog's Tooth Violets often bloom in shades of pink and possess a gentle appearance, which can represent purity and innocence.
    • Resilience: Able to thrive in woodland settings, the Dog's Tooth Violet exemplifies resilience and the ability to overcome challenging conditions.
    • Healing: Historically, the Dog's Tooth Violet was sometimes used in folk medicine, which leads to its association with healing and recovery.
    • New Beginnings: As an early spring bloomer, the Dog's Tooth Violet is often linked with new beginnings and the renewal that comes with the changing of seasons.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Dog's Tooth Violet should be watered thoroughly once the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, which typically means about once a week. Use room temperature water and apply enough to moisten the soil uniformly to a depth of about 6-8 inches, but be careful not to let the plant sit in water as this can lead to root rot. During the active growing season, in spring and early summer, water needs may increase, especially for outdoor plantings. Depending on the size of the plant and the environmental conditions, this might equate to around 1-2 gallons every week. Reduce watering frequency after the foliage dies back in late summer as the plant enters dormancy.

  • sunLight

    The Dog's Tooth Violet thrives in dappled sunlight or partial shade. The ideal spot is under the canopy of deciduous trees where it can receive filtered sunlight throughout the day, avoiding harsh midday sun. This light mimics their natural woodland habitat and promotes healthy growth and flowering.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Dog's Tooth Violet prefers a temperate climate with temperatures ranging between 35°F and 70°F. It can survive minimum temperatures down to about 20°F for short periods. Ideally, maintain an environment that doesn't frequently exceed the upper limit, as prolonged heat can stress the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    The Dog's Tooth Violet does not typically require extensive pruning, but spent flowers and yellowing leaves should be removed to maintain plant health and appearance. The best time for light pruning is after flowering, usually in late spring or early summer. This practice can promote vigorous growth and improve the plant's vitality for the next season.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Dogtooth Violet 'Pink Perfection' thrives best in a well-draining soil mix composed of equal parts loam, peat, and sharp sand. The ideal soil pH for this plant is slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0. Amending the soil with organic matter can improve its structure and provide a rich nutrient environment for these spring-flowering bulbs.

  • plantRepotting

    Dogtooth Violet 'Pink Perfection' typically doesn't require frequent repotting, as it is a bulbous plant. They should be repotted or divided every 3-4 years to prevent overcrowding and to maintain vigor. Best done after the foliage has died down and the bulb is dormant, usually in late summer to autumn.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Dogtooth Violet 'Pink Perfection' prefers moderate humidity levels, typical of outdoor conditions in temperate climates. It thrives in humidity levels around 40-60%, which usually reflects the natural outdoor springtime environment when this variety naturally blooms.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Grow in bright, indirect light with well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, in humus-rich, moist soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Erythronium dens-canis 'Pink Perfection', commonly known as Dog's Tooth Violet, begins its life cycle as a bulb dormant in the soil, often surviving through the winter season. In early spring, the bulb sends up a rosette of lance-shaped leaves, often mottled with white or pale green. Following leaf emergence, the plant produces its distinctive pink, lily-like flowers on a single, leafless stalk, usually in mid-spring. After the flowering period, which lasts for a few weeks, the flowers are pollinated, leading to the formation of seed capsules. As summer approaches, the foliage and stems of the Dog's Tooth Violet wither, and the plant retreats back into the bulb form, where it enters dormancy until the next spring. This annual cycle of growth, flowering, seed production, and dormancy repeats year after year.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Propogation: The plant commonly known as Pink Perfection, which is a variety of the Erythronium dens-canis, is most commonly propagated by dividing its corms. The best time for this procedure is in late summer, after the foliage has died back, confirming that the plant is dormant. To propagate Pink Perfection, carefully lift the corms from the soil and gently separate any offsets from the parent corm. These offsets are the key to propagation and should be replanted immediately. Plant them at a depth of about 3 inches (approximately 7.6 centimeters), spaced about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) apart in well-drained soil with partial shade. Watering should be moderate to ensure the soil stays moist but not waterlogged, promoting the growth of new shoots in the following spring.