Dogtooth Violet Erythronium 'Apple Blossom'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
fawn lily 'Apple Blossom'


Erythronium 'Apple Blossom', commonly known as the dog's-tooth violet, is a charming perennial known for its distinctive and attractive appearance. This plant typically displays elegant, lance-shaped leaves that are often mottled or marbled with various shades of green and brown, giving the foliage a unique and eye-catching look. The leaves arise from a bulb nestled in the soil. In bloom, the dog's-tooth violet produces exquisite flowers. Each stem bears a single, nodding flower that is reminiscent of an open tulip. The petals are delicate and slightly recurved, creating an impression of gracefulness. Their color is a soft, pastel pink, similar to the hue of apple blossoms, with a slight gradient that grows more intense towards the base of each petal. At the petal bases, a dramatic contrast is often seen with a yellow center, sometimes accented with deeper pink or brownish speckles. This heart of the flower is typically surrounded by long, slender stamens with prominent anthers. The overall appearance of Erythronium 'Apple Blossom' is one of gentle beauty and refinement, with its harmonious color palette and sophisticated floral display making it a desirable addition to shade gardens and woodland settings.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Dog's Tooth Violet, Trout Lily

    • Common names

      Erythronium 'Apple Blossom'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Dog's-tooth Violet 'Apple Blossom' is not commonly listed as a toxic plant to humans. However, as with any plant not typically used for consumption, it is possible that some individuals may experience mild stomach upset or an allergic reaction if any part of the plant is ingested. It is always recommended to avoid eating plants that are not specifically grown for food, and to consult a medical professional if ingestion occurs and adverse symptoms appear.

    • To pets

      The Dog's-tooth Violet 'Apple Blossom' is not typically known to be toxic to pets. However, like many ornamental plants, it is not intended for ingestion. If a pet were to eat a significant quantity of this plant, they could potentially experience mild gastrointestinal upset. Signs of poisoning might include drooling, vomiting, or diarrhea. If you suspect your pet has consumed a potentially toxic plant, it is always best to consult a veterinarian immediately.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot [30 cm]

    • Spread

      1 foot [30 cm]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Erythronium 'Apple Blossom', commonly known as Dogtooth Violet, offers beautiful pink and white flowers that enhance the visual appeal of any garden.
    • Spring Interest: It is an early spring bloomer, providing a burst of color and interest after the winter months.
    • Naturalizing: Dogtooth Violet has the ability to spread and naturalize over time, creating more dense and impressive displays with each passing year.
    • Shade Tolerance: This plant is suitable for shady areas in the garden where other plants might struggle to grow.
    • Low Maintenance: Once established, Erythronium 'Apple Blossom' requires minimal maintenance, making it a convenient choice for gardeners.
    • Wildlife Attraction: The flowers attract pollinators such as bees, which are beneficial for the garden ecosystem.
    • Ground Cover: Its foliage can serve as an attractive ground cover when the plants are planted in groups.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The bulb of the Trout Lily can be used as a natural dye for fabrics, providing a range of colors from yellow to orange, depending on the mordant used.
    • Trout Lily bulbs can be used to create a natural adhesive paste, similar to glue, which can be useful for basic DIY crafts and paper mache projects.
    • The leaves of the Trout Lily, when crushed, can serve as a repellent for certain insects, potentially reducing the need for chemical insecticides.
    • Trout Lily's nectar and pollen-rich flowers can attract and support beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies, promoting biodiversity in gardens.
    • The plant may be used in educational settings to demonstrate plant reproduction and bulb propagation to students studying botany.
    • Pressed and dried Trout Lily flowers can be a delicate addition to handmade paper, providing texture and visual interest for arts and crafts.
    • By planting Trout Lily, gardeners can participate in conservation efforts, as it can help to restore native plant populations and local ecosystems.
    • The Trout Lily can be used to create a woodland-themed floral arrangement, leveraging their unique nodding flowers and speckled leaves.
    • Gardeners might use the spreading habit of Trout Lily to stabilize soil in areas prone to erosion due to its network of underground bulbs and roots.
    • The patterned leaves of the Trout Lily can inspire artists and designers, who may use them as a motif in textile design, pottery, or other creative fields.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Dogtooth Violet is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Dogtooth Violet is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty: The 'Apple Blossom' cultivar of the plant, with its delicate and attractive flowers, is often associated with beauty and grace.
    • Purity: The soft, gentle appearance of the Erythronium 'Apple Blossom' blooms can symbolize purity and innocence.
    • Renewal: Flowering in early spring, Erythronium 'Apple Blossom' heralds the end of winter, symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings.
    • Tranquility: The plant's gentle hues and its preference for shaded woodland areas may represent peace and tranquility.
    • Embrace of Nature: Found in natural woodland settings, Erythronium 'Apple Blossom' can be used to symbolize a connection to the natural world and the embrace of its cycles.

During active growth, water weekly
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Erythronium 'Apple Blossom', commonly known as Trout Lily, should be watered moderately to maintain slightly moist soil, especially during its growth in spring. After the flowering period and as the leaves die back, reduce watering significantly. Ideally, water this plant with about 1 inch of water per week, adjusting for rainfall. During the dormant period in summer, it is essential to keep the soil drier, so watering may only be necessary every few weeks, depending on weather conditions. It's important to avoid overwatering to prevent bulb rot.

  • sunLight

    Trout Lily thrives in dappled sunlight, as it naturally grows in woodland settings. The best spot for it would mimic its natural habitat, receiving morning sun and afternoon shade or a consistent pattern of filtered light throughout the day. It should be protected from intense, direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves and compromise its growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Trout Lily is tolerant of a range of temperatures and is suitable for growing in USDA zones 4 through 9. It can survive minimum temperatures down to around -30°F in winter and can handle high summer temperatures as well. Ideally, the plant prefers a temperate climate with normal seasonal fluctuations, avoiding the extremes of both heat above 80°F and deep frost conditions.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning of the Trout Lily is not necessary for the health of the plant but may be done for aesthetic reasons. Dead leaves and spent flowers can be removed after they die back naturally to keep the plant looking tidy. Pruning is best done in late spring or early summer, once the leaves have yellowed and died back, signaling the end of the plant's active growth period. This helps to discourage diseases and may improve the appearance of the surrounding garden space.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Dog's Tooth Violet prefers a soil mix that is well-draining, rich in organic matter, and slightly acidic to neutral, with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. A mixture of loam, leaf mold or peat, and some sharp sand or grit to aid drainage is ideal for Erythronium 'Apple Blossom'.

  • plantRepotting

    Dog's Tooth Violet bulbs should be repotted every 3 to 4 years, or when the clumps become overcrowded. The best time to repot is in the late summer after the foliage has died back.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Dog's Tooth Violet thrives in moderate humidity levels; aiming for around 40-60% relative humidity is suitable for Erythronium 'Apple Blossom'. It is tolerant of different humidity levels if soil moisture is adequate.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in filtered light, keep soil moist, and ensure good drainage.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in dappled shade, enrich soil with organic matter, water regularly.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Erythronium 'Apple Blossom', commonly known as the dog's-tooth violet, begins its life cycle when a seed is sown in the ground, usually in a shaded or woodland area. The seed germinates and a small bulb begins to form, entering a period of growth where it develops roots and a shoot. During spring, the shoot emerges from the soil as a single or pair of leaves, often with a mottled appearance. If conditions are favorable, the plant will produce a delicate pinkish-white flower on a single stem, which attracts pollinators and subsequently produces seed capsules. After flowering, the above-ground parts of the plant die back, while the bulb goes dormant over the summer. The bulb stores energy during its dormancy and reactivates the cycle the following spring by sending up new growth, continuing its perennial life cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The Erythronium 'Apple Blossom', commonly known as the Dogtooth Violet, is typically propagated by dividing its bulbs. The best time for this is in the late summer to early fall, after the foliage has died back but before the ground freezes. To propagate, carefully dig up the bulbs and gently separate any offsets from the parent bulb. These offsets, or daughter bulbs, should be replanted immediately at a depth of about 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in well-draining soil, ideally enriched with organic matter. Water the newly planted bulbs well to settle the soil around them. This method exploits the plant's natural reproductive cycle and is usually very successful in producing new flowering plants within a couple of years.