Snowdrop Galanthus × valentinei

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Galanthus 'Valentine'


Galanthus × valentinei, commonly known as the Snowdrop, showcases a graceful appearance characteristic of early spring blooms. This perennial plant bears dainty drooping flowers, which hang like delicate white bells from their stalks. Each flower has three outer petals that are pure white and tend to be large and elongated, arching over at the tips, encompassing a shorter set of inner petals. The inner petals are also white but often feature a subtle green mark at their tips, which can vary in shade from light to a more vivid green, adding a touch of contrast to the otherwise snowy bloom. The Snowdrop's foliage is slender and glossy green, forming a tuft of linear leaves that may gently arch towards the ground. These leaves emerge from the base of the plant, providing an understated backdrop that accentuates the beauty of the flowers. The foliage's green creates a fresh and vibrant palette that heralds spring's approach. Overall, the elegance of the Snowdrop lies in its modest yet striking flowers, which become a focal point in the late winter to early spring landscape. Despite the plant's petite form, the visual impact of a cluster of Snowdrops carpeting the ground can be quite breathtaking, as they often signal the end of the cold months and the beginning of a new growing season.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Valentine's Snowdrop

    • Common names

      Galanthus × valentinei

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant Galanthus × valentinei, commonly known as snowdrop, contains alkaloids such as galantamine which can be toxic if ingested by humans. While the level of toxicity is generally considered low, ingestion of any part of the plant can potentially cause symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting. In severe cases, ingestion may lead to more serious neurological symptoms such as dizziness and tremors. Contact with the skin may also cause irritation in some individuals. Care should be taken to prevent children from eating any part of this plant.

    • To pets

      The plant Galanthus × valentinei, commonly known as snowdrop, is toxic to pets. Ingesting any part of the snowdrop plant can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and salivation in pets. More severe symptoms, including seizures, lethargy, and incoordination, could occur in cases of large ingestions. If you suspect your pet has ingested snowdrops, it is important to seek veterinary attention immediately.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6 inches (15 cm)

    • Spread

      4 inches (10 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal - Snowdrops, such as Galanthus × valentinei, are known for their delicate white flowers, which can enhance the visual appeal of gardens and landscapes during the late winter and early spring months.
    • Pollinator Attraction - Snowdrops are one of the first flowers to bloom in the year, providing an early source of nectar for bees and other pollinators when few other food sources are available.
    • Wildlife Support - They offer habitat and foraging opportunities for various small wildlife, which rely on the plants for cover and food.
    • Drought Resistance - Once established, snowdrops are quite resistant to drought, meaning they require less watering compared to some other garden plants.
    • Low Maintenance - Snowdrops are generally easy to care for, requiring little in the way of pruning or feeding, and are often resistant to pests and diseases.
    • Naturalizing - Galanthus × valentinei can multiply and spread over time, creating natural drifts of flowers that can cover large areas.
    • Seasonal Interest - Their early flowering period extends the garden season, bringing life and color to gardens at a time when most other plants are still dormant.
    • Erosion Control - The bulbous nature of snowdrops and their ability to spread means they can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion in certain settings.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Art and Illustration: Galanthus, also known as snowdrops, are often depicted in art and illustrations due to their delicate and aesthetically pleasing appearance, symbolizing the end of winter and the promise of spring.
    • Stamp Collecting: Some countries have issued postage stamps featuring snowdrops, making them an interesting addition for topical stamp collectors, especially those focusing on botanical themes.
    • Gardening Competitions: Snowdrops are sometimes featured in gardening competitions, especially winter garden displays, where enthusiasts showcase rare varieties of this plant.
    • Nature Photography: With its early bloom, Galanthus is a popular subject for nature photographers seeking to capture the first signs of spring.
    • Botanical Jewelry: Real or replica snowdrops are sometimes used in botanical jewelry, either preserved in resin or as motifs in designs, appreciated for their delicate structure.
    • Winter Festivals: Some regions with snowdrop blooming events hold winter festivals or garden tours, celebrating the arrival of these flowers as a herald of spring.
    • Culinary Decoration: Although not a common practice, the flowers of snowdrops can be used as garnishes for their decorative appeal in high-end cuisine, although care must be taken as the plant is generally toxic if ingested.
    • Floristry: Snowdrops are sometimes used by florists in winter flower arrangements or bridal bouquets as a symbol of purity and the hope of new beginnings.
    • Educational Tool: In schools, snowdrops can be used as an educational tool to teach children about plant biology and the changing seasons.
    • Cultural Symbolism: In some cultures, the snowdrop is used as a symbol in poetry and literature, often representing hope, rebirth, and the overcoming of challenges.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Galanthus, commonly known as Snowdrop, is not traditionally associated with Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Snowdrop is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Purity: Galanthus, commonly known as snowdrop, often symbolizes purity due to its bright white petals, which can represent innocence and cleanliness.
    • Hope: As snowdrops are often the first flowers to bloom at the end of winter, they represent hope and the coming of spring.
    • Consolation or Sympathy: Snowdrops can be a symbol of consolation or sympathy, perhaps because they appear when the earth is still cold and bare, offering a sign of comfort.
    • New Beginnings: The snowdrop's association with the early spring makes it a symbol of new life and new beginnings.

Every 2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Snowdrops need to be watered during their active growth phase, which is in late winter and spring. They prefer evenly moist soil, so depending on your climate and weather conditions, watering once a week with about one inch of water might be sufficient. Overwatering can lead to bulb rot, so it's important not to let them sit in waterlogged soil. During the summer when the plants are dormant, they require much less water, and you should allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

  • sunLight

    Snowdrops prefer partial to full shade, thriving best when planted under deciduous trees or shrubs. This provides them with dappled sunlight in the spring before the trees fully leaf out, and then protective shade during the hotter months. Avoid placing them in full, direct sunlight as this can lead to scorched leaves and stressed plants.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Snowdrops are cold-hardy plants, generally doing well in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-8. They can survive winter temperatures as low as -40°F and are comfortable in the typical spring and fall temperature range of 35°F to 65°F. Ideal growth occurs when the temperature does not exceed 65°F during their active growth and blooming period.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning is not required for snowdrops because they are small and have a natural growth habit. It is, however, advisable to remove any dead or yellowing foliage after blooming to keep the plant healthy. The best time for this is late spring, once the leaves start to yellow, indicating that the plant is entering dormancy.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Snowdrop prefers well-draining soil with abundant organic matter; mix equal parts compost, loamy soil, and perlite. Ideal soil pH is 6.5 to 7.5.

  • plantRepotting

    Snowdrops rarely need repotting and prefer to naturalize; divide clumps only if overcrowded, about every 3-5 years.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Snowdrops thrive best in outdoor humidity conditions; average garden humidity is usually adequate.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright, indirect light and cool temperatures for indoor Snowdrops.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in dappled shade and cool, moist soil for outdoor Snowdrops.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Galanthus × valentinei, commonly known as Valentine's snowdrop, begins its life cycle as a bulb, which remains dormant underground during the summer. In the late winter to early spring, it breaks dormancy and sends up slender, green leaves, along with a single flower stalk. The flower is typically a pendulous, bell-shaped white bloom with distinctive green markings. After pollination, which is often aided by early spring insects, the plant develops a seed capsule. Once the seeds mature, the capsule opens, and the seeds are dispersed, potentially giving rise to new plants. The foliage dies back in late spring after the plant has stored enough energy in the bulb to survive the next dormant period.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Galanthus × valentinei, commonly known as Valentine's snowdrop, is best propagated through division, a process typically carried out after the plant has finished flowering and the leaves start to yellow, usually in late spring to early summer. To propagate by division, one would carefully lift the clump of bulbs from the ground using a garden fork, ensuring minimal damage to the bulbs. The clump is then gently teased apart into individual bulbs, each with a portion of the roots intact. These bulbs can then be immediately replanted at the same depth they were growing at previously, spaced about 3 inches (approximately 7.6 centimeters) apart to allow for adequate room for growth. The soil should be well-draining yet moist, with the addition of organic matter such as compost to provide a rich growing medium for the new plants. Dividing every three to five years helps maintain plant vigor and encourages more blooms.