Garlic Allium sativum

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care


Garlic is a bulbous plant that typically grows to a height of 1 to 3 feet.
It features long, narrow leaves that can reach lengths of 1 - 2 feet. The garlic bulb itself is composed of several individual cloves, each measuring around 1 to 2 inches in diameter.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Garlic, Churl's treacle, Clown's treacle, Common garlic, Poor man's treacle

    • Common names

      Allium sativum L.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      While garlic is generally safe and widely consumed as a food ingredient, excessive consumption of raw or concentrated garlic can have adverse effects on some individuals. In rare cases, consuming large amounts of garlic can cause gastrointestinal distress, such as stomach upset, nausea, and diarrhea. Additionally, some people may experience allergic reactions to garlic, which can range from mild skin irritation to severe respiratory symptoms. It is always advisable to consume garlic in moderation and consult a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or underlying health conditions.

    • To pets

      Garlic, particularly in large amounts, can be toxic to certain animals. Dogs, cats, and some livestock species, such as horses and cattle, are particularly susceptible to garlic toxicity. Garlic contains compounds called thiosulfates, which can cause oxidative damage to red blood cells in these animals, leading to a condition called Heinz body anemia. Symptoms of garlic toxicity in animals may include weakness, pale gums, increased heart rate, and in severe cases, collapse or even death. It is crucial to keep garlic and garlic-containing foods away from pets and livestock to prevent potential harm.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      Up to 2 feet

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      Central Asia


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    Flavorful culinary ingredient: Garlic is widely used in cooking to enhance the flavor of various dishes, adding a distinct and savory taste.

    Versatile ingredient: Garlic can be used in a variety of dishes, including soups, sauces, stir-fries, marinades, and dressings, providing versatility in culinary creations.

    Antimicrobial properties: Garlic has natural antimicrobial properties, which may help inhibit the growth of certain bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

    Natural pest repellent: Garlic is known to repel certain pests, such as aphids and mosquitoes, making it a natural alternative to chemical-based repellents.

    Preservation of food: Garlic has been used historically as a food preservative due to its antimicrobial properties, helping to prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms and extend the shelf life of certain foods.

    Adds nutritional value: Garlic is a low-calorie food that contains essential nutrients such as vitamins C and B6, manganese, and selenium, adding nutritional value to meals.

    Potential antioxidant effects: Garlic contains compounds with antioxidant properties, which may help protect cells from damage caused by oxidative stress.

    Culinary tradition and cultural significance: Garlic has a long history of culinary use in various cultures around the world, contributing to the richness of traditional dishes and cultural heritage.

    Aesthetically pleasing: Garlic bulbs can add a visually appealing element to gardens or kitchen displays, with their distinctive shape and papery skin.

    Herbal remedies and folk traditions: Garlic has been used in traditional medicine and folk remedies for various purposes, contributing to its cultural and historical significance.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    Cardiovascular health: Garlic has been studied for its potential benefits in promoting cardiovascular health. It may help lower blood pressure, reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, and improve blood circulation, which can contribute to a healthier heart.

    Antimicrobial effects: Garlic contains compounds with natural antimicrobial properties, including allicin. It has been shown to have potential antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal effects, which may help combat certain infections and support the immune system.

    Anti-inflammatory properties: Garlic contains organosulfur compounds that have been studied for their potential anti-inflammatory effects. These compounds may help reduce inflammation in the body, which is associated with various chronic conditions.

    Antioxidant activity: Garlic contains antioxidants that can help neutralize harmful free radicals in the body. By reducing oxidative stress, garlic may contribute to overall cellular health and potentially offer protection against certain chronic diseases.

    Immune system support: Some studies suggest that garlic may help boost the immune system by stimulating immune cell activity, which can enhance the body's ability to fight off infections and diseases.

    Cancer prevention: Garlic has been investigated for its potential anticancer properties. Some studies have shown that garlic and its compounds may help inhibit the growth and spread of certain cancer cells, although further research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms involved.

    Digestive health: Garlic has traditionally been used to support digestion. It may help stimulate the production of digestive enzymes, promote a healthy gut microbiome, and alleviate certain digestive issues such as bloating and gas.

    Blood sugar regulation: Garlic has been studied for its potential effects on blood sugar levels. It may help improve insulin sensitivity, regulate blood glucose levels, and potentially benefit individuals with diabetes or prediabetes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    Garlic is often praised for its culinary and medicinal properties, but its air purifying qualities are not well-documented or widely recognized.

  • leavesOther Uses

    Pest control: Garlic is believed to have natural repellent properties against certain pests. Placing garlic cloves or spraying a garlic-infused solution around plants and garden areas can help deter insects like aphids, slugs, and snails.

    Adhesive remover: Garlic can be used to remove sticky adhesive residues left behind by labels or stickers. Rubbing a cut garlic clove over the sticky area can help loosen and remove the adhesive.

    Rust prevention: Rubbing a cut clove of garlic on metal surfaces can potentially help prevent rust formation. The sulfur compounds in garlic are thought to create a protective barrier against oxidation.

    Skincare remedy: Some people use garlic topically for various skin conditions. It is believed to have antibacterial properties and may help with acne, warts, and fungal infections. However, caution should be exercised as garlic can cause skin irritation in some individuals.

    Natural dye: Garlic skins can be used to create a natural dye. Boiling the skins in water produces a yellow-brown dye that can be used for coloring fabric or other materials.

    Fish bait: The strong scent of garlic is attractive to some fish species. Coating bait or lures with garlic oil or crushed garlic can potentially increase the chances of attracting fish during fishing activities.

    Household deodorizer: Garlic can help eliminate unpleasant odors in the home. Placing a few cloves of garlic in an open container or simmering garlic in water with other aromatic ingredients can help freshen the air.

    Garden fertilizer: Garlic can be used as a natural fertilizer to enrich the soil and provide nutrients to plants. Creating a garlic-infused water solution and applying it to plants can potentially promote healthy growth.

    Rustic insect repellent: In some cultures, people hang braided garlic bulbs or bundles of garlic cloves in their homes to repel evil spirits or ward off insects like mosquitoes.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    In Feng Shui, garlic is often used as a symbol of protection and purification. It is believed to ward off negative energies and promote positive chi (energy) in a space. Garlic can be placed in key areas of the home, such as entrances or windowsills, to create a protective barrier and promote harmony. Additionally, garlic can be used in combination with other Feng Shui cures and symbols to enhance its protective qualities.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    There is no specific association between garlic and zodiac sign compatibility in traditional astrology practices.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    Protection: Garlic is often seen as a symbol of protection against evil spirits, negative energies, and illnesses in many cultures. It is believed to possess powerful cleansing and warding properties.

    Vitality and fertility: Garlic is sometimes associated with vitality, strength, and fertility due to its potent and robust nature. It symbolizes life force and the ability to overcome challenges.

    Transformation and renewal: Garlic is known for its pungent aroma and strong taste, which can represent transformation and purification. It is often used in rituals and traditions to cleanse and renew energies.

    Courage and bravery: Garlic has been associated with courage and bravery in folklore and mythology. It is believed to possess the ability to ward off evil and provide strength to overcome obstacles.

    Symbol of abundance: In some cultures, garlic is considered a symbol of abundance and prosperity. It represents a bountiful harvest and the ability to thrive in various conditions.

Once a week
20000 - 50000 Lux
Not needed
Fall; Spring
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Garlic typically requires moderate watering. It's important to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged.
    During the growing season, which is usually spring and early summer, water the garlic plants once a week or whenever the top inch of soil feels dry. Reduce watering as the garlic plants approach maturity to allow the bulbs to dry out and cure.

  • sunLight

    Garlic prefers full sun exposure for optimal growth. It thrives in bright, direct sunlight, ideally receiving 6 to 8 hours of sunlight each day. Adequate sunlight helps promote healthy leaf growth and bulb development.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Garlic is a cool-season crop that prefers moderate temperatures. It grows best in temperatures between 55°F (13°C) and 77°F (25°C). Garlic can tolerate colder temperatures, even surviving frost, but extreme heat can negatively impact its growth. High temperatures above 90°F (32°C) can inhibit bulb formation and reduce the overall quality of the harvest.

  • scissorsPruning

    Garlic doesn't require extensive pruning.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Garlic thrives in loamy or sandy soil that allows for good drainage. Avoid heavy clay soils that can become waterlogged and lead to rot.

    Incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil before planting helps improve soil structure, fertility, and moisture retention.

    Garlic prefers a slightly acidic to neutral soil pH in the range of 6.0 to 7.5. Conduct a soil test to determine the pH level of your soil and make adjustments if needed by adding lime to raise pH or sulfur to lower pH.

  • plantRepotting

    Garlic is typically not repotted like container plants.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Garlic is generally adaptable to various humidity levels but prefers moderate humidity. It can tolerate a range of humidity, from drier conditions to slightly more humid environments. However, high humidity can increase the risk of fungal diseases, such as bulb rot, so it's important to ensure good air circulation and avoid excessive moisture around the garlic plants.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Not growing as an indoor plant

    • Outdoor

      It grows all around the world during growing season

    • Hardiness zone

      3 - 9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Planting (Months: October - November or April - May): Winter garlic is planted in the fall, several weeks before the ground freezes. The exact timing can vary based on the region. The cloves are separated from the bulb and planted with the pointed end facing up, about 2 inches deep in well-prepared soil.
    Regular garlic is planted in April to May, when the soil is warm enough.

    Germination and Early Growth (Months: November to December): After planting, garlic cloves go through a period of dormancy. In cooler climates, the cloves may begin to sprout before going dormant for the winter. During this stage, the garlic establishes its root system and prepares for growth in the following spring.

    Vegetative Growth (Months: March to May): As the weather warms up in spring, garlic starts to emerge from the soil. The growth of green shoots and leaves is a sign that the garlic is actively growing. During this stage, the garlic plants focus on developing foliage and capturing sunlight for energy through photosynthesis.

    Bulb Formation (Months: May to June): As the garlic plants continue to grow, they start forming bulbs underground. The bulb formation stage is crucial for garlic cultivation. Adequate sunlight, proper soil moisture, and nutrients are important during this period to support the development of healthy bulbs.

    Flowering (Months: June to July): Garlic plants produce flower stalks called scapes. Scapes emerge from the center of the plant and coil as they grow taller. These scapes can be removed to divert energy towards bulb growth, as mentioned earlier.

    Maturation and Harvest (Months: June to August): The final stage of garlic's life cycle is maturation and harvest. The timing for harvest can vary depending on the desired maturity of the bulbs. Typically, garlic is harvested when the foliage starts to turn yellow and dry out. This usually occurs in mid to late summer. Harvested garlic bulbs are then dried and cured before storage or consumption.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Fall; Spring

    • Clove Selection: Choose healthy, large garlic bulbs for propagation. Separate the cloves from the bulb, ensuring each clove is intact and free from damage or disease.

      Planting Time: Garlic cloves are typically planted in the fall, a few weeks before the ground freezes. The exact timing can vary based on the region and the desired harvest time. In general, garlic is planted between October and November in many areas.

      Clove Planting: Plant the garlic cloves with the pointed end facing up and the basal plate (the flat end where the clove was attached to the bulb) facing down. Plant them about 2 inches deep and space them 6 to 8 inches apart in rows. Ensure good soil drainage and provide adequate sunlight.

      Overwintering: Once planted, garlic cloves will go through a period of dormancy during the winter months. The cloves establish roots and remain dormant until spring.

      Spring Growth: As temperatures warm up in spring, the garlic cloves start to sprout and emerge from the soil. Green shoots and leaves develop, and the garlic plants enter their vegetative growth stage.

  • insectPests

    Thrips, Nematode, Aphid, Slugs and snails

  • microbeDiseases

    Stem rot, Downy mildew, Rust, Leaf blight