Golden-leaved Sage Phlomis chrysophylla

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
golden-leaved Jerusalem sage


Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Golden-leaved Phlomis, is a distinctive plant recognized for its striking foliage and flowers. This evergreen shrub features heart-shaped leaves that are notable for their yellow or golden color, which brings a bright splash of color to any garden. The leaves have a soft, velvety texture and can appear in a slightly contrasting sage or silver-green on the underside, adding to their visual appeal. When this plant is in bloom, it sports whorls of tubular flowers that are poised in tiered arrangements, one above the other along upright stems. The flowers come in a yellow shade that harmonizes with the golden hues of the leaves. These floral arrangements can be quite eye-catching, as the color contrast between the flowers and the foliage can make the blossoms stand out. The overall shape of Golden-leaved Phlomis is rounded, creating a bushy appearance that adds structure and volume to garden spaces. Its branches are sturdy and can create an almost architectural form with the right pruning. The stems carry a sense of verticality, yet bow gracefully under the weight of the leaves and flowers, providing an interesting visual dynamic to this plant's presence in the landscape.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Goldenleaf Jerusalem Sage, Golden-Leaved Phlomis.

    • Common names

      Phlomis chrysophylla.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Jerusalem sage, is generally not recognized as a highly toxic plant to humans. However, as with many plants, individual sensitivity can vary, and some people may experience mild reactions if they ingest parts of the plant or come into contact with its sap. These reactions could include gastrointestinal discomfort, such as nausea or diarrhea, or dermatitis in case of skin contact. There is limited information on the severe toxicity of Jerusalem sage, so it is advisable to err on the side of caution and avoid ingesting any part of the plant.

    • To pets

      Jerusalem sage may not be extensively documented for its toxicity to pets, and it isn't typically listed among the most toxic plants. Nonetheless, as with humans, individual pets can have varying levels of sensitivity. If a pet, such as a dog or cat, ingests part of the plant, they might experience mild gastrointestinal upset, which could include symptoms like vomiting or diarrhea. As a precautionary measure, it's best to keep pets from consuming any part of Jerusalem sage, as the full extent of its toxicity to pets is not well established. If you suspect your pet has ingested this plant and observe any signs of distress, contact your veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3 feet (0.91 meters)

    • Spread

      3 feet (0.91 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Landscape Ornamentation: Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Golden Phlomis, adds visual interest to gardens with its striking silver-grey foliage and bright yellow flowers.
    • Drought Resistance: Golden Phlomis is highly adaptable to dry conditions, making it an excellent choice for water-wise gardening and xeriscaping.
    • Low Maintenance: This plant requires minimal care, making it suitable for gardeners seeking low-maintenance landscaping options.
    • Pollinator Attraction: Its flowers attract bees and other pollinators to the garden, which is beneficial for plant diversity and health.
    • Deer Resistant: The Golden Phlomis is known to be resistant to deer, which can be particularly advantageous in areas where deer predation is a problem for gardeners.
    • Erosion Control: With its sturdy root system, Phlomis chrysophylla can help stabilize soil and control erosion on slopes and banks.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly referred to as Jerusalem Sage, is sometimes used in landscaping for its drought resistance and attraction to pollinators like bees and butterflies.
    • The plant's striking yellow flowers make it a popular choice for ornamental gardens, providing color and visual interest.
    • Jerusalem Sage is used in erosion control on slopes and banks due to its sturdy root system which helps stabilize the soil.
    • The fuzzy leaves of the plant can be used in crafting, particularly in dried flower arrangements, due to their unique texture and shape.
    • Some cultures use the stems of Jerusalem Sage in basket weaving and creating natural decorative pieces.
    • The plant can be incorporated into wildlife gardens to provide shelter and food for birds and small mammals.
    • Jerusalem Sage has been used in the past as a natural fabric dye, giving fabrics a soft, greenish hue.
    • In educational gardens or botanical collections, Phlomis chrysophylla serves as a sample species for studying Mediterranean flora and its adaptations to dry climates.
    • The distinctive silhouette of Jerusalem Sage makes it an interesting subject for photography and botanical illustration.
    • Gardeners can use the dry, woody stems of the plant to support other, more fragile plants in the garden.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Jerusalem Sage, is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Jerusalem Sage is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Determination - Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Golden Phlomis, often symbolizes determination due to its hardy nature and ability to thrive in tough conditions.
    • Protection - Golden Phlomis has thick, woolly leaves, which can be seen as a symbol of protection and resilience against the elements.
    • Persistence - The plant's ability to withstand dry climates and poor soil is reflective of persistence and endurance.
    • Conservation - Given its drought resistance, Golden Phlomis is symbolic of water conservation and sustainability in gardening.

Every 1-2 weeks
10000 - 20000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Jerusalem Sage should be watered deeply once a week, giving it about 1-2 gallons of water each time, depending on the size of the plant and weather conditions. During the hot summer months, water may be needed more frequently, especially if the plant shows signs of wilt. Always check the soil moisture before watering; the top inch should be dry to the touch. Reduce watering in the winter to every other week or less, as the plant is dormant and requires less moisture.

  • sunLight

    Jerusalem Sage thrives in full sun to partial shade, with at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight daily. It is best suited for a south or west-facing spot where it receives ample light. Avoid deep shade, as this can lead to poor growth and flowering.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Jerusalem Sage prefers a temperature range between 50°F and 80°F but can withstand temperatures as low as 10°F and as high as 100°F. Its ideal growing conditions are in zones with milder climates, where extreme cold or heat is less common.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune Jerusalem Sage to maintain shape and encourage bushier growth, typically once a year in early spring. Deadheading spent flowers throughout the season will promote additional blooms. Cutting back the plant by one-third after flowering can also enhance its appearance and vigor.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Jerusalem Sage requires well-draining soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. The best soil mix would include equal parts garden soil, coarse sand or perlite, and compost to ensure fertility and drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Jerusalem Sage typically does not need frequent repotting as it prefers to be slightly root-bound. Repotting every 2-3 years or when the plant outgrows its current container is sufficient.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Jerusalem Sage is tolerant of a range of humidity levels but thrives best in moderate to low humidity environments, as it is native to the Mediterranean region.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright light, avoid overwatering, and ensure good air flow.

    • Outdoor

      Choose a sunny spot with well-draining soil and space plants about 2 feet apart.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-10 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Golden Phlomis, begins its life cycle with seed germination, typically in the spring when soil temperatures warm. Once germinated, seedlings emerge and establish a root system while developing true leaves and transitioning into the vegetative growth phase. Over the course of the growing season, Golden Phlomis will mature and develop a sturdy, woody stem with characteristic grey-green leaves coated in fine hairs, giving it a silvery appearance. During the flowering phase, which occurs in late spring to early summer, the plant produces whorls of yellow flowers arranged in tiers along the stem. After pollination, which is often aided by bees and other insects attracted to the flowers, seeds will develop and eventually be dispersed by wind or other means, enabling the propagation of new plants. Finally, Golden Phlomis can enter a dormant phase during the colder months, particularly in climates with cold winters, ensuring its survival to start its life cycle anew come the next growing season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • Phlomis chrysophylla, commonly known as Golden-leaf Jerusalem Sage, is typically propagated through seed sowing or cutting techniques. The most popular method is the propagation by semi-ripe cuttings taken in late summer. To propagate by cuttings, select healthy stem sections of about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) long with several leaves. Cut just below a leaf node, remove the lower leaves, and dip the cutting end in rooting hormone to encourage root growth. Plant the cuttings in a well-draining soil mix and keep them moist, but not waterlogged. Provide indirect light and maintain a temperature around 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). Roots usually develop within a few weeks, after which the cuttings can be transplanted into individual pots or their final location.