Yezo Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum yezoense

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Hokkaido chrysanthemum


The plant known as Chrysanthemum yezoense, often simply referred to as the Hardy Chrysanthemum, presents a visual delight with its vibrant display of flowers. These blooms typically showcase a rich variety of colors that may include shades such as white, pink, red, or yellow. The center of the flowers, or the eye, often contrasts in color, providing a striking focal point amidst the petals. The petals themselves are radiant and can be arranged in several patterns; they may be long and slender or more rounded, and they can be layered in a lush, overlapping manner or set more sparsely around the central disc. The foliage of the Hardy Chrysanthemum is equally attractive and contributes to the overall appearance of the plant. The leaves are typically a deep, rich green, and their shape can vary. Some may be lobed or deeply cut, while others are more elongated and slender with smooth or serrated edges, imbuing the plant with a full, bushy appearance. The texture of the leaves is often coarse, which creates a pleasant visual contrast with the silky texture of the flower petals. As a perennial, the Hardy Chrysanthemum emerges each year with a renewed burst of color and life. Its growth habit forms an attractive mound that serves as a perfect backdrop for its spectacular flower display. This hardy plant not only adds splashes of color to gardens and landscapes but is also a popular choice for cut flower arrangements, where its striking blooms can be appreciated up close. Overall, the appearance of the Hardy Chrysanthemum is characterized by its abundant flowering, the contrasting colors of its blooms and foliage, and the overall lushness that makes it a favorite among garden enthusiasts.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Yezo Mums, Yezo Chrysanthemum, Yezo Daisy

    • Common names

      Dendranthema yezoense, Leucanthemum yezoense, Tanacetum yezoense, Chrysanthemum coreanum var. yezoense.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Chrysanthemum yezoense, commonly known as Yezo-giku, is not widely recognized for being particularly toxic to humans. There are no well-documented cases of poisoning in humans from ingesting this specific species. However, other species within the Chrysanthemum genus do contain pyrethrins and other compounds that can cause dermatitis or allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. If ingested in large quantities, these compounds may lead to symptoms such as gastrointestinal upset including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and in severe cases, could potentially result in neurological symptoms. It is always recommended to exercise caution and avoid ingesting plants not known to be safe or intended for human consumption.

    • To pets

      Yezo-giku is considered potentially toxic to pets, especially cats and dogs, due to the presence of pyrethrins and sesquiterpene lactones, which are common in many Chrysanthemum species. Ingesting parts of this plant can lead to symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, dermatitis, and loss of coordination in pets. In severe cases, it might cause tremors or seizures, indicating a more serious toxic reaction. If you suspect that your pet has ingested any part of the Yezo-giku plant, it is important to contact a veterinarian immediately.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: The Chrysanthemum yezoense, commonly known as Hardy Chrysanthemum, is often cultivated for its vibrant blossoms that enhance garden aesthetic.
    • Seasonal Interest: This plant blooms in late summer to autumn, providing color when many other plants are no longer in bloom.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers attract bees and butterflies, which are beneficial for pollination in the garden.
    • Cultural Significance: In some cultures, Chrysanthemums are a symbol of autumn and are used in festivals and art to represent the season.
    • Diversity in Landscaping: Hardy Chrysanthemums come in various colors and forms, offering diversity for landscape design.
    • Cold Tolerance: As suggested by the name, these plants are hardy and can withstand cooler temperatures, making them suitable for gardens in temperate regions.
    • Ease of Care: They generally require low maintenance and are not prone to many pests or diseases.
    • Long Blooming Period: The long flowering time extends the display of colors in gardens and public spaces.
    • Soil Adaptability: Hardy Chrysanthemum can adapt to a range of soil types, though they prefer well-drained soil.
    • Cut Flowers: They are excellent for making bouquets and floral arrangements due to their durability and lasting bloom.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Chrysanthemum yezoense can be used in companion planting to help deter certain pests from more vulnerable plants in a garden setting.
    • The plant's flowers can be pressed and included in natural art projects or botanical displays due to their vibrant colors and shapes.
    • These flowers can also be used as a natural dye for fabrics, providing a soft yellow to greenish hue depending on preparation methods.
    • When dried, the blossoms can be incorporated into potpourri mixes for a delicate fragrance and aesthetic appeal.
    • The sturdy stems of Chrysanthemum yezoense can be used in floral arrangements to provide support to more delicate flowers.
    • In some cultures, the petals may be used to decorate food dishes or drinks as an edible garnish, as long as they are free from pesticides.
    • The blooming cycle of these plants can be a natural indicator for gardeners to schedule planting of other seasonal crops.
    • Leaves of the Chrysanthemum yezoense, when crushed, can sometimes be used as a natural insect repellent due to their aromatic properties.
    • Throughout history, the flower has been used symbolically in festivals or ceremonies, representing longevity or rejuvenation.
    • The Fibonacci pattern observed in the arrangement of Chrysanthemum yezoense petals can be used as an educational tool in mathematics and natural sciences.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Chrysanthemums are often used in Feng Shui to bring happiness and laughter to the home, and they are believed to carry strong Yang energy. Place chrysanthemums in the living room or other areas where guests are received to promote good vibes and uplift the spirit. They are especially beneficial when displayed in the center of the home or in the living room, aligning with Feng Shui’s bagua map for overall well-being and happiness.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Longevity and Immortality: Chrysanthemums are often associated with a long life and the immortality of the soul due to their robust nature and ability to survive the first frosts of autumn.
    • Rejuvenation and Recovery: In some cultures, these flowers symbolize the power of rejuvenation and the ability to recover from adversity because they bloom into the late year when other plants have faded.
    • Happiness and Joy: Chrysanthemums are given as gifts to bring happiness and joy to someone's day, often seen as a positive and uplifting plant.
    • Loyalty and Devotion: Similar to many flowers, the chrysanthemum represents loyalty and devotion in relationships, perhaps due to the way the petals radiate consistently from the flower’s center, suggesting stability and reliability.
    • Nobility: In some Asiatic cultures, the chrysanthemum is associated with the aristocracy or the noble classes, due to its refined and elegant appearance.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 1-2 years
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Chrysanthemum yezoense, commonly known as the Hardy Chrysanthemum, requires consistent moisture and should be watered thoroughly whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. An average watering schedule could be once every week, but this depends on climate and weather conditions; more often in hot, dry weather and less in cool, damp weather. When watering, aim to soak the soil around the roots with about one gallon of water, avoiding wetting the foliage to reduce the risk of disease.

  • sunLight

    Hardy Chrysanthemums thrive in full sun to partial shade. They prefer a spot that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day but can tolerate some light afternoon shade, which can protect them during the hottest part of the day. Ensuring adequate light helps Hardy Chrysanthemums produce the most abundant and vibrant blooms.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Hardy Chrysanthemums are tough plants that can survive in a wide range of temperatures, from as low as 30°F to as high as 90°F. However, the ideal growing temperature for these plants is between 60°F and 75°F. Extreme temperatures outside the aforementioned range may stress the plants and affect flowering.

  • scissorsPruning

    Hardy Chrysanthemums benefit from regular pruning to encourage bushy growth and more blooms. Pinch back the growing tips when the plants are about 6 inches tall and continue to do so until midsummer. After blooming, cut back the stems to prevent seed formation and to tidy the plant, which also helps with disease prevention. The best time for heavy pruning is early spring or right after the flowers have faded.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for the common Chrysanthemum, also known as Hardy Mum, should be well-draining and fertile, with a peat moss or compost base. Incorporate perlite or vermiculite to improve drainage. The ideal pH for this soil should be mildly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Hardy Mums should be repotted every one to two years to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth. It is best done in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Hardy Mums thrive in moderate humidity levels. They do not require any special humidity considerations and can adapt to normal outdoor humidity conditions where most common plants grow well.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright indirect light and well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sun to partial shade with good airflow.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of Chrysanthemum yezoense, commonly known as Yezo-giku, begins with seed germination, which occurs in spring when soil temperatures rise and moisture levels are adequate. Following germination, the seedlings grow into juvenile plants, developing a rosette of leaves near the soil surface. As the plants mature during the growing season, they form characteristic lobed leaves and branched stems. By late summer or early autumn, Yezo-giku enters the flowering stage, where it produces vibrant flowers, often in shades of yellow, which are critical for attracting pollinators. After pollination, the flowers set seeds, which are then dispersed by wind or wildlife to propagate the next generation. As winter approaches, the plant enters dormancy to survive adverse conditions, resuming growth the following spring.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The most popular method for propagating Chrysanthemum yezoense, commonly known as Yezo daisy, is through cuttings. This is typically done in early spring or summer when the plant is actively growing. To propagate by cuttings, a healthy stem tip about 4 to 6 inches (approximately 10 to 15 cm) long is cut just below a leaf node. The lower leaves are removed, and the cut end is dipped in rooting hormone before being placed in a well-draining soil mix. The cutting is then kept moist and in a warm place with indirect sunlight until roots have developed, which usually takes a few weeks. Once the roots have formed, the new Yezo daisy plant can be transplanted into the garden or a desired container.