Garden hyacinth Hyacinthus orientalis 'Yellow Queen'

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
hyacinth 'Yellow Queen'


Hyacinthus orientalis 'Yellow Queen', commonly known as the yellow hyacinth, is a bulbous perennial with a distinctive and striking appearance. The plant features dense spikes of richly fragrant, tubular flowers that are a brilliant sunny yellow in color. These vibrant flowers are arranged closely around a sturdy, vertical flower stalk, creating a lush, columnar display of blossoms that gives it a commanding presence. The waxy texture of each individual star-shaped bloom catches the light beautifully, adding a luster that enhances the yellow hue. The foliage of the yellow hyacinth consists of glossy, bright green leaves that are narrow, strap-like, and slightly fleshy in texture. These leaves typically form a base cluster or tuft, which offsets the bloom stalks and provides a complementary backdrop to the colorful floral display. As a result, the contrast between the foliage and the yellow flowers is not only aesthetically appealing but also highlights the charismatic nature of the inflorescence. The overall impression of the yellow hyacinth is one of cheerful elegance and a harbinger of spring. The plant is commonly used in borders, flower beds, and as a striking component in container gardens. The intense fragrance and appealing hues also make it a popular choice for cutting gardens, as the blooms can fill any indoor space with a delightful aroma and a touch of springtime splendor.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Common Hyacinth, Garden Hyacinth, Dutch Hyacinth

    • Common names

      Hyacinthus orientalis 'Yellow Queen'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Hyacinth is considered to be toxic if ingested. The plant contains oxalic acid and other potentially toxic compounds, which can cause symptoms such as intense nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain if ingested. Hyacinth bulbs are particularly concentrated with these compounds and pose the greatest risk if eaten. In some cases, handling the bulbs can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions. If any part of a hyacinth plant is ingested, medical attention should be sought promptly to address potential poisoning.

    • To pets

      Hyacinth is toxic to pets, including dogs and cats. If a pet ingests any part of the hyacinth plant, especially the bulbs, they may exhibit symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, depression, and tremors. In severe cases, ingestion can lead to an increase in heart rate and changes in respiration. The toxicity is primarily due to oxalic acid and other compounds that can be harmful to pets. If you suspect your pet has ingested hyacinth, you should contact a veterinarian immediately to manage the poisoning.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6-12 inches (15-30 cm)

    • Spread

      6 inches (15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen' offers a bright splash of yellow color, enhancing the beauty of gardens and landscapes.
    • Fragrance: This variety is known for its delightful scent, which can add a pleasant aroma to your outdoor or indoor space.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The bright flowers attract bees and other pollinators, which are essential for the health of gardens and the environment.
    • Seasonal Interest: Blooms in early to mid-spring, providing an early burst of color after the winter months.
    • Easy to Grow: Hyacinths, including the 'Yellow Queen', are generally low maintenance and easy to grow in a variety of soil types.
    • Good for Containers: These compact flowers are suitable for growing in pots, making them a good choice for balconies and small spaces.
    • Cut Flowers: Hyacinth flowers are long-lasting when cut, making them a great option for indoor bouquets and arrangements.
    • Bulb Multiplication: Hyacinth bulbs can multiply over time, allowing gardeners to increase their stock or share with others.
    • Symbolic Meaning: Hyacinths can symbolize peace, commitment, and beauty, often making them a thoughtful gift.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen' bulbs can be used in a technique called forcing, which allows gardeners to enjoy their blooms indoors during the winter months.
    • The strong fragrance of the hyacinth can be used in perfumery to create floral and fresh scents, capitalizing on its spring-like aroma.
    • Dried hyacinth flowers are sometimes incorporated into potpourri blends to add a vibrant color and a delicate scent to a room.
    • Hyacinth petals can be used as a natural dye source, producing colors ranging from light yellow to green depending on the mordant used.
    • Pressed hyacinth flowers are often used in floral crafts, such as handmade greeting cards or bookmarks, for their beauty and color retention.
    • In some traditions, hyacinths are included in bridal bouquets or wedding decorations to symbolize joy and new beginnings.
    • Hyacinth plants can be given as a living gift during the Easter season as they are symbolic of rebirth and renewal.
    • As a way to teach children about plant growth and bulb propagation, hyacinth bulbs can be used in school science projects.
    • The blooms of hyacinth can be used in flower arrangements, specifically for spring-themed centerpieces and decor.
    • Gardeners may plant hyacinths in 'gardens of remembrance' to create a space of reflection, as the hyacinth flower is often associated with peace and sorrow.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Hyacinth is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Hyacinth is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty: The Hyacinth, especially the 'Yellow Queen', is often associated with beauty due to its vibrant flowers and appealing shape.
    • Constancy: The perennial nature of the Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen' symbolizes constancy and enduring affection.
    • Sports or Games: In Greek mythology, the flower is linked to Hyakinthos, a young beautiful man beloved by Apollo and associated with sports, perhaps explaining this symbolism.
    • Sorrow: The Hyacinth can symbolize sorrow and the desire for forgiveness, possibly because of the myth of Hyakinthos, where the flower sprang from his blood after his tragic death.
    • Jealousy: Some interpretations consider the Hyacinth to represent jealousy, a reflection of the various feelings Apollo and Zephyr had toward Hyakinthos in the myth.

Every week
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Dutch Hyacinth should be watered generously during the active growth phase, typically requiring water once to twice a week. It's important to keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy to avoid rotting the bulbs. Depending on the size of the pot and the environmental conditions, this can equate to about 1 to 2 gallons of water every week. However, reduce watering once the flowering has ceased and the leaves begin to die back, signaling the end of the growth cycle.

  • sunLight

    Dutch Hyacinth thrives best in full sun to partial shade. An ideal spot would provide bright light for at least 4-6 hours a day. However, in hotter climates, protection from the harsh afternoon sun is beneficial to prevent the flowers from fading or scorching. A location with morning sunlight and afternoon shade can be an excellent choice to maintain vibrant blooms.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dutch Hyacinth prefers a temperature range between 60-70°F during its growing season. It is tolerant of cooler temperatures, down to around 50°F, and can withstand short periods near freezing, but prolonged exposure below freezing can damage the plant. The ideal temperature not only ensures vigorous growth but also promotes better flowering.

  • scissorsPruning

    Dutch Hyacinth benefits from pruning to remove spent flower stalks after blooming, which encourages bulb strength for the next season. Prune the flower stalks at the base once the flowers have faded, but leave the foliage until it dies back naturally. Pruning should be done annually after flowering, but before the onset of the summer dormancy period.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen' thrives in moderately fertile, well-draining soil with a pH of 6-7. A good soil mix can be prepared with equal parts garden soil, compost, and sharp sand to ensure proper drainage. Add a small amount of bone meal for bulb development.

  • plantRepotting

    Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen' should be repotted after blooming when the foliage has died back, typically every 2-3 years. Bulbs can be lifted, divided, and replanted to encourage healthy growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen' prefers moderate humidity levels but is not overly sensitive to humidity fluctuations. It will thrive in typical indoor humidity levels but ensure good air circulation around the plant.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Grow in bright light, cool temp., and well-drained soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant bulbs in fall, partial sun, well-drained soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Hyacinthus orientalis 'Yellow Queen', commonly known as the Yellow Queen Hyacinth, begins its life cycle as a bulb, which is usually planted in the fall before the first frost. During the winter, the bulb undergoes vernalization, a cold period necessary for subsequent growth. Come spring, the bulb sprouts, sending up flower stalks and leaves, leading to its flowering phase during which the Yellow Queen Hyacinth displays bright yellow, fragrant blooms. After flowering, the plant enters a period of senescence; the flowers fade and the foliage dies back as the plant goes dormant. Throughout the summer, the bulb remains dormant underground, storing energy for the next growing season. With the arrival of the next fall and cooler temperatures, the cycle is ready to begin anew with the bulb reawakening to restart the growth process.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The Hyacinth 'Yellow Queen', known commonly as Hyacinth, is traditionally propagated through bulb division. The best time for propagating Hyacinths by dividing the bulbs is in late summer or early fall, after the foliage has withered and the plant has gone dormant. To propagate, carefully dig up the bulbs and remove any offsets, which are small bulbs that form at the base of the parent bulb, taking care not to damage the main bulb. These offsets can be planted immediately in well-drained soil at a depth that's roughly twice the height of the bulb, typically about 6 inches (15 centimeters). Ensure that the area gets full sun to part shade and the soil is fertile and well-draining. Water the new bulbs thoroughly after planting and expect them to bloom the following spring. This method leverages the plant’s natural reproductive cycle and is simple and effective for gardeners looking to expand their Hyacinth collection.