Dutch Iris Iris 'J.s. Dijt' (Reticulata)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
iris 'J.S. Dijt'


Iris 'J.S. Dijt' is a striking plant that belongs to the commonly named Dwarf iris group and is admired for its vibrant, showy flowers. This variety has rich purple blooms that are beautifully accented by a white or yellow pattern on the falls, which are the petals that hang down or spread horizontally. The standards, or the petals that stand upright, also show-off the same intense purple hue, creating a harmonious display of color. The flowers themselves are notable for their intricate design and shape typical of iris blooms, with the petals displaying ruffled edges that add a touch of elegance to the overall appearance. Leaves of this plant are slender, sword-shaped, and have a bright green color that contrasts strikingly with the deep purple flowers, giving it a fresh, lively look. These slender leaves emerge from the base of the plant and fan out gracefully around the blooms. Overall, the Iris 'J.S. Dijt' creates an impressive show in the garden when it flowers, bringing with it a burst of rich color and sophisticated form. The appearance of the flowers and foliage makes this plant a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a touch of beauty to their early spring gardens.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Dutch Iris, Netted Iris

    • Common names

      Iris 'J.S. Dijt' (Reticulata).

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Dwarf Iris, specifically the variety Iris 'J.S. Dijt', is known to contain irisin, iridin, or irisine, which are substances that can cause gastrointestinal disturbances if ingested. Consuming parts of this plant may result in symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In severe cases, particularly if large quantities are consumed, there might be a risk of more serious health consequences such as kidney or liver damage. Handling the plant may also result in skin irritation for some individuals.

    • To pets

      The Dwarf Iris is toxic to pets, including dogs and cats. Ingesting parts of this plant can cause symptoms similar to those in humans, such as vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and drooling. Consumption of the bulbs, leaves, or flowers can lead to gastrointestinal upset in pets. In severe cases, if a pet consumes a significant amount of the plant, it may experience more serious health effects, including potential damage to the liver or kidneys. It is important to keep pets away from Dwarf Irises to prevent accidental ingestion.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-6 inches (10-15 cm)

    • Spread

      2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Appeal: The Iris 'J.S. Dijt' adds vibrant color to gardens with its striking purple flowers and unique patterned petals.
    • Early Bloomer: This variety of dwarf iris is one of the first to bloom in spring, providing early season interest in the garden.
    • Compact Size: Its small, compact form is perfect for rock gardens, borders, or small spaces that need a pop of color.
    • Easy to Grow: It is known for being easy to cultivate, requiring minimal maintenance and being relatively disease-resistant.
    • Naturalizing: The plant has the ability to naturalize, spreading and creating larger displays over the years.
    • Wildlife Attraction: The Iris 'J.S. Dijt' can attract pollinators such as bees, which are beneficial for the garden ecosystem.
    • Seasonal Interest: The plant's foliage provides greenery in the garden even after the flowers have faded, maintaining visual interest throughout the growing season.
    • Cold Hardy: This iris variety is tolerant of cold temperatures, making it suitable for growing in many climates.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Dye Production: The rhizomes of the Iris can be used as a source of natural dyes for textiles, offering a range of colors depending on the mordant used.
    • Artistic Inspiration: The striking appearance of the Iris 'J.S. Dijt' can inspire artists and photographers, making it a subject for paintings, drawings, and photography.
    • Floral Arrangements: The blossoms of the Iris can be used in cut floral arrangements to provide a vivid pop of color and an intricate floral design to bouquets.
    • Garden Design: These flowers can play a role in thematic garden designs, such as a purple-themed garden or a spring bulb display.
    • Educational Tool: Irises can be used in botanical studies and educational programs to teach about plant morphology and bulb propagation.
    • Culinary Garnishes: Although not commonly used and should be exercised with caution, the petals can occasionally adorn gourmet dishes as an edible garnish after ensuring they are safe for consumption.
    • Perfumery: Some Iris species are known for their fragrant flowers, which can be used in creating perfumes; however, caution should be taken to ensure the 'J.S. Dijt' variety is suitable for this use.
    • Companion Planting: Irises can be used in gardens to accompany other plants, helping to attract pollinators or perhaps deterring certain pests with their robust foliage.
    • Mood Enhancer: The beauty and distinct fragrance of the Iris can contribute to a relaxation area within a garden, offering a sensory experience that helps with stress relief.
    • Ephemeral Art: The transient nature of the Iris blooms makes them ideal for creating temporary art installations that reflect on themes of time and change.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Iris is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Iris is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Faith: The iris often symbolizes faith and hope, indicative of the trust and belief one must have in life’s journey.
    • Wisdom: Associated with the Greek goddess Iris, the flower is emblematic of wisdom and valued for its association with knowledge and learning.
    • Courage: The historic use of the iris as a royal symbol, such as the fleur-de-lis, imparts the idea of bravery and valor in the face of adversity.
    • Purity: The iris can represent purity and innocence, a reflection of its delicate and pristine petals.
    • Royalty: The regal appearance of the iris has led to its connection with sovereignty and regal bearing, often present in royal insignias.

When soil is dry
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-4 years
Early Fall
As needed
  • water dropWater

    For Dutch Iris (Reticulata), water thoroughly when the soil surface feels dry to the touch. Typically, this plant requires watering once or twice a week, depending on the climate and soil drainage. It's best to provide the plant with about one inch of water each week, ensuring it reaches deep into the soil to encourage root growth. Overwatering can lead to bulb rot, so it's crucial to let the soil dry out slightly between waterings. During the dormant period, after the foliage has died back, reduce watering significantly to prevent rot.

  • sunLight

    Dutch Iris (Reticulata) prefers full sun to partial shade. Ideally, it should be planted in a spot that receives direct sunlight for at least six hours each day. However, in extremely hot climates, providing some afternoon shade can help protect the plant from excessive heat.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dutch Iris (Reticulata) thrive in a range of temperatures but prefer moderate conditions. They can tolerate winter temperatures down to around 15 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal growing temperature for this plant is between 40 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Extreme heat above 90 degrees Fahrenheit can harm the plant, so it's advisable to provide some shade during the hottest part of the day in very warm climates.

  • scissorsPruning

    Dutch Iris (Reticulata) requires minimal pruning. After blooming, allow the leaves to remain in place; they'll continue to gather sunlight and strengthen the bulb for the next season. Once the leaves have yellowed and died back naturally, they can be removed. This usually occurs in the late summer or fall.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Dwarf Iris (Iris 'J.s. Dijt') should be well-draining and moderately fertile, with a mix of loam, sand, and some organic matter like compost. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral pH, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Dwarf Iris is typically grown from bulbs and does not require frequent repotting. It should be replanted or divided every 3 to 5 years to maintain vigor and prevent overcrowding.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Dwarf Iris does not have specific humidity requirements. It thrives in the natural outdoor humidity and does not need additional humidity adjustments when grown in garden settings.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide bright light and cool temperatures indoors.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-drained soil with full or partial sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Iris 'J.S. Dijt', commonly known as Dwarf Iris, begins its life cycle as a bulb, which remains dormant underground during the hot summer months. In late winter or early spring, the bulb breaks dormancy and sends up shoots, followed by distinctive purple or maroon flowers that typically bloom for a short period. After flowering, the plant produces sword-shaped leaves that photosynthesize to gather energy, which is then stored in the bulb for the next season. Once the flowering and leaf growth phases are complete, the leaves yellow and wither as the plant enters a dormancy period during the summer. During dormancy, the bulb is relatively inactive, but may occasionally multiply by producing smaller offset bulbs. The life cycle repeats annually, with the plant re-emerging from its bulb each spring to flower, grow, and replenish its energy reserves for the next dormant period.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early Fall

    • The most popular method of propagation for the Iris 'J.S. Dijt', which is a variety of the Dutch iris, typically involves dividing its bulbs. This is generally done after the plant has finished blooming and the foliage has begun to die back, usually late summer or fall. Gardeners should carefully dig up the bulbs and separate them by breaking apart any that are attached at the base. Each section should have at least one nodule or shoot. After dividing, the bulbs should be replanted immediately at a depth of about 4 inches (10 centimeters) and spaced about 3 to 4 inches (7.5 to 10 centimeters) apart. This ensures that they have ample time to establish themselves before the winter. Dividing the bulbs helps to rejuvenate the plant, encourage more vigorous growth, and can also increase the number of plants in your garden.