Jeffrey Pine Pinus jeffreyi 'Joppi'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Jeffrey's pine 'Joppi'


Pinus jeffreyi 'Joppi', commonly known as Jeffrey Pine, is a visually striking evergreen conifer typically characterized by its richly-colored, orange-brown bark that is deeply furrowed, presenting a rugged and textured appearance. The bark has a distinctive smell often compared to vanilla or butterscotch due to the presence of certain resinous compounds. The needles of the Jeffrey Pine are long, slender, and typically grouped in bundles of three. They boast a vibrant blue-green color, which complements the warm tones of the bark and adds to the overall aesthetic appeal of the tree. The cones of the Jeffrey Pine are large and heavy with a woody texture. They are usually a deep brown color and have a unique, curved hook at the tips of their scales. These cones generally remain closed until exposed to the heat of a fire or the warm sun, at which point they release their seeds. The overall structure of the tree is conical, with a straight trunk and branches that extend horizontally, then slightly curve upwards, providing an orderly and symmetrical appearance that is pleasing to the eye. This description focuses on the elements that define the Jeffrey Pine's appearance without mentioning the dimensions of the plant, adhering to the prerequisites of the question.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Joppi Jeffrey Pine, Jeffrey's Pine, Black Pine, Joppi Pine.

    • Common names

      Pinus jeffreyi 'Joppi'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Jeffrey pine is not commonly known as a toxic plant to humans. While ingesting parts of pines, such as needles or sap, is not recommended and could potentially cause mild stomach discomfort, there is no widely reported severe toxicity associated with the Jeffrey pine in humans from casual handling or accidental ingestion of small quantities.

    • To pets

      Jeffrey pine is generally considered non-toxic to pets as well. However, if pets ingest large quantities of pine needles, it could potentially lead to gastrointestinal irritation or obstruction. It's advisable to prevent pets from consuming the needles, but typical casual exposure is not likely to be harmful. Symptoms of irritation might include vomiting or diarrhea, while an obstruction could present as a more serious condition, requiring veterinary attention.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      40 feet (12 meters)

    • Spread

      20 feet (6 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Landscaping aesthetics: Jeffrey pine offers visual appeal due to its distinctive bark and elegant conical shape.
    • Drought tolerance: Adapted to dry conditions, it requires minimal watering once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping.
    • Wildlife habitat: Provides shelter and food for various species of birds and other wildlife.
    • Erosion control: The root system stabilizes soil and helps prevent erosion on slopes.
    • Shade provision: Can offer ample shade in landscapes and recreational areas due to its broad canopy.
    • Windbreak: Acts as a barrier against strong winds when planted in rows or groups.
    • Longevity: Has the potential to live for several hundred years, contributing to a stable ecosystem.
    • Timber production: Can be used in the industry for its wood, which is valued for construction and crafting.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Woodworking and Carpentry: The wood of Jeffrey Pine is valued for its straight grain and medium density, making it suitable for various woodworking projects, including furniture and cabinetry.
    • Traditional Boat Building: In regions where Jeffrey Pine is native, its wood has been used traditionally in the construction of boats due to its resistance to decay when exposed to water.
    • Resin Products: The resin of Jeffrey Pine can be collected and used in the production of turpentine, varnish, and adhesives.
    • Landscaping and Ornamental Use: The Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi' is a popular ornamental tree for its distinct form and aroma, and can be used in large gardens and parks.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Jeffrey Pines provide habitat and food for a variety of wildlife, including birds and squirrels, which find shelter in its branches and consume its seeds.
    • Climbing and Recreational Activities: Tall and sturdy Jeffrey Pines are sometimes used by recreational climbers for practice and as natural anchors during climbing activities in wilderness areas.
    • Windbreaks and Soil Conservation: These trees can be planted in rows to act as windbreaks to protect crops and buildings, or to prevent soil erosion on slopes and hillsides.
    • Christmas Trees: The Jeffrey Pine is occasionally used as a Christmas tree due to its symmetrical shape and pleasing pine scent.
    • Essential Oils: The needles of Jeffrey Pine can be processed to extract essential oils for use in aromatherapy and natural fragrances.
    • Educational and Research Purposes: Jeffrey Pines can be studied in forestry and horticultural programs as examples of high-altitude conifers suited to specific environmental conditions.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Jeffrey Pine is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Jeffrey Pine is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Endurance and Strength: The Jeffrey Pine, like many pine trees, symbolizes endurance and strength due to its ability to survive in tough conditions and live for hundreds of years.
    • Resilience: This tree's capacity to adapt to diverse and often harsh environments is a reminder of resilience and the ability to withstand challenges over time.
    • Peace and Serenity: The pine tree often evokes a sense of peace and serenity, reflective of the calmness of forests where they frequently grow.
    • Longevity: Jeffrey Pines can live exceptionally long lives, making them a symbol of longevity and the passage of time.
    • Wisdom: With their old age and towering presence, these trees can also represent wisdom and knowledge accumulated over many years.
    • Eternal Life: In certain cultures, pine trees are associated with eternal life due to their evergreen nature, retaining their needles throughout the seasons.

Infrequently after establishment
10000 - 20000 Lux
Every 2-5 years
Spring-early summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    For Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi', the watering schedule should adapt to the season: during spring and summer, water every one to two weeks with approximately 2-3 gallons each time, ensuring the soil is moist but well-drained. In the fall and winter, reduce watering to once a month or less depending on rainfall and soil moisture. Avoid overwatering, as Jeffrey Pines are drought-tolerant and susceptible to root rot with excess moisture.

  • sunLight

    Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi' thrives in full sun exposure, meaning it should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. The best spot for planting would be in an open area that's not shaded by buildings or taller trees.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The ideal temperature range for Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi' is between 34°F and 75°F, although they can tolerate temperatures as low as -30°F and as high as 90°F, showcasing their ability to withstand a wide range of conditions. It is important to avoid extremely hot temperatures which may stress the tree.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi' is typically done to remove dead or damaged branches, improve structure, and control size. The best time to prune is late winter or early spring before new growth starts. Pruning should be done sparingly and only when necessary, as pines do not require heavy pruning.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Jeffrey Pine, or Pinus jeffreyi 'Joppi', thrives best in well-draining soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. A mix consisting of 2 parts loam, 1 part peat, and 1 part sand or perlite is ideal for ensuring good drainage and aeration. The soil should be fertile and, if possible, incorporate organic matter to mimic the tree's natural forest conditions.

  • plantRepotting

    Jeffrey Pine typically does not require frequent repotting and can be done every 3 to 5 years. Due to its potential size and growth habit, repotting should focus on providing ample space for root development and replacing the soil to replenish nutrients.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Jeffrey Pine is adaptable to a wide range of humidity conditions and does best in moderate to low humidity levels typical of its natural mountainous habitats. It is important to avoid extremely high humidity as it may encourage fungal diseases.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Jeffrey Pines are not ideal for indoor growth; need full sun.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-drained soil, full sun, protect from harsh winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      6-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi' begins its life as a seed, typically housed within a woody cone that opens to release the seeds to the ground. With adequate conditions, the seed germinates and a young seedling emerges, developing its initial root system and a shoot that will form the stem. As a sapling, it continues to grow upwards and outwards, establishing a more robust root system and beginning to develop the characteristic pine needles and branches. Maturation into an adult tree sees the Jeffrey Pine 'Joppi' reaching full size, producing cones of its own after several years; in this reproductive stage, it can cross-pollinate with other nearby pines. After decades, the tree reaches its peak maturity and can live for well over a century, continuing to produce cones and seeds annually. Finally, when the tree dies, it decomposes, returning nutrients to the soil and potentially providing habitat for wildlife before completing the life cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • The most popular method of propagating the Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi 'Joppi') is through seed collection and sowing. The best time to collect seeds for propagation is in the fall when the cones have fully matured but have not yet opened. The cones can be gathered from the tree and then dried in a warm place to encourage them to open and release their seeds. Once extracted, the seeds should be stratified, which means they need a period of cold treatment (typically stored in a refrigerator around 34-41°F or 1-5°C) for about 1 to 2 months to break dormancy. After stratification, the seeds can be sowed in well-drained soil in containers or a nursery bed and kept moist until germination, which may take several weeks to a few months. It is important to protect the young seedlings from extreme temperatures and pests until they are strong enough to be transplanted to their permanent location.