Long-leaved whorlflower Morina longifolia

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
long-leaved whorlflower


M. longifolia forms a compact rosette of spiny-margined, lance-shaped, glossy leaves to 30cm long, with white flowers 3cm long opening in mid summer, soon ageing to pink, then crimson

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Whorlflower, Long-Leaved Morina

    • Common names

      Morina persica, Morina polystachya.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2-4 feet (60-120 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Morina longifolia, commonly known as Whorlflower, is appreciated for its attractive foliage and distinctive whorled flower clusters, making it a popular choice for gardens and landscape designs.
    • Habitat for Wildlife: Whorlflower provides nectar for pollinators like bees and butterflies, contributing to the biodiversity of the area.
    • Drought Resistance: Adapted to survive in dry conditions, Whorlflower is suitable for xeriscaping, reducing the need for water in gardening.
    • Erosion Control: The plant's root system can help in stabilizing soil and preventing erosion on slopes or in areas prone to soil degradation.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Morina longifolia may possess compounds that help reduce inflammation.
    • Analgesic: There is some indication that the plant could be used to relieve pain.
    • Antioxidant: The plant may contain antioxidants which help in protecting cells from damage.
    • Immunomodulatory: Some sources suggest that Morina longifolia could affect the immune system, potentially modulating its activity.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Morina longifolia, commonly known as whorlflower, has been used in traditional fabric dyeing processes, harnessing the natural pigments found in its parts to create a variety of colors.
    • The plant's structural form and spiny foliage can be incorporated into garden designs as a natural deterrent against garden pests and foraging animals.
    • Culinary experimentation with edible parts of the whorlflower, such as its seeds or leaves, can provide unique flavors to traditional dishes in regions where it's native.
    • Its strong-scented flowers can be dried and used in potpourri mixes to provide a long-lasting fragrance in homes or used in natural sachets to freshen up linen closets.
    • Aromatic oils from the whorlflower can be extracted and used in homemade soap making, offering a distinctive scent and possibly benefiting the skin.
    • The whorlflower's resilience to harsh environments makes it a suitable candidate for xeriscaping, requiring minimal water resources once established.
    • Because of its unique appearance, the plant is employed in floral arrangements, especially in traditional ceremonies where its symbolism and formality are appreciated.
    • The blossoms of Morina longifolia can be used as a natural coloring agent for art supplies like inks and watercolors, giving them an earthy tone.
    • Morina longifolia's textured leaves and stems can be used in nature crafts, such as making botanical prints or impressions in clay and plaster art projects.
    • Gardeners use the hardy and robust nature of whorlflower to stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes and banks in challenging climates.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Morina longifolia is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Morina longifolia is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Endurance and Longevity: The name 'longifolia' implies long leaves, which can symbolize endurance and the ability to withstand challenges over time.
    • Majesty and Grace: Morina longifolia, also known as the Whorlflower, has a regal presence in gardens, symbolizing a majestic grace.
    • Attraction and Charm: With its striking flowers and unique appearance, the Whorlflower can represent attraction and the capacity to charm and captivate.
    • Harmony with Nature: As the Whorlflower often thrives in natural settings, it suggests a symbol of living in harmony with the surrounding environment.

Every 1-2 weeks
10,000 - 20,000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Whorlflower should be watered thoroughly, ensuring that the soil is moist but not saturated. It's best to water the plant once a week, allowing the top inch of the soil to dry out between waterings. In warmer and drier climates, this may mean watering every few days, while in cooler, damp climates, the plant may require less frequent watering. Adjust the schedule as necessary for the plant's environment, but be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. Typically, use 1 gallon of water per plant for each watering session.

  • sunLight

    Whorlflower thrives in full sun to partial shade, so it's best positioned in a location where it receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. If you're growing the plant indoors, place it near a south-facing window. Avoid deep shade locations, as too little light can hinder the growth and blooming of the Whorlflower.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Whorlflower prefers temperate conditions and can tolerate a range from 50°F to 77°F. The plant can survive minimum temperatures down to about 32°F, but it's best to avoid prolonged exposure to such cold conditions. Ideal temperatures for this plant are between 60°F and 70°F, where it can grow healthily without stress from excessive heat or cold.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune the Whorlflower to remove dead or faded flowers and to maintain its shape. This encourages new growth and more blooms. Pruning should be done after the flowering season ends, usually in the fall. Cut back the plant by about a third of its height, and remove any damaged or diseased stems to keep the plant healthy. Pruning once a year is typically enough to keep the Whorlflower looking its best.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Whorlflower, or Morina longifolia, thrives best in a soil mix that is rich, well-draining, and slightly acidic to neutral, with an ideal pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. A good soil mix can be created using a blend of garden loam, peat or leaf mold, and sharp sand to improve drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Whorlflower does not need frequent repotting and can be repotted every two to three years as it prefers to be slightly root-bound. When repotting, handle the taproot carefully to prevent damage.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Whorlflower prefers moderate humidity levels, akin to its native Himalayan habitat, but is tolerant of a range of humidity conditions as long as it is not too dry. Consistent moisture without waterlogging is key for its well-being.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, cool temps, and good air circulation for Whorlflower.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sun to part shade, provide adequate space and well-drained soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      Whorlflower is suitable for USDA zones 5-8.

  • circleLife cycle

    Morina longifolia, commonly known as whorlflower, begins its life cycle as a seed, which requires stratification or a period of cold to germinate effectively. Upon germination, a seedling emerges and establishes a rosette of basal leaves in its first year, followed by the development of a deep taproot. In its second year, the plant sends up a tall flowering stalk, which bears distinctive whorls of tubular flowers that are pink or white in color, attracting pollinators. After flowering and pollination, the plant sets seeds, which are distributed by wind or animals, allowing for the potential colonization of new areas. The parent plant may die after setting seed, exhibiting a biennial lifecycle, or it can persist as a perennial, producing new flowering stalks in subsequent years. As a perennial, Morina longifolia can also propagate vegetatively through its roots, expanding its growth clonally.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to summer

    • Morina longifolia, commonly known as the Whorlflower, is typically propagated by seed. The most popular method involves sowing seeds as soon as they are ripe in late summer. Seeds should be scattered on the surface of well-draining seed starting mix, barely covered with soil, and kept moist. They require a cold period to germinate, so providing a winter stratification period either naturally by outdoor sowing or artificially by placing the seeded containers in a refrigerator (at about 40°F or 4.4°C) for approximately four to six weeks can be beneficial. After stratification, the seeds should be moved to a warmer environment where temperatures are around 60-70°F (15.6-21.1°C), which will encourage sprouting. Once seedlings are strong enough, they can be pricked out and transplanted into individual pots and later into their final position in the garden.