Makino Rhododendron Rhododendron makinoi

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Makino rhododendron


Rhododendron makinoi, commonly known among gardeners and plant enthusiasts for its striking appearance. This plant is distinguished by its evergreen foliage, which exudes a lush and robust character throughout the year. The leaves are particularly notable, being long, leathery, and narrow with a slightly recurved edge, giving them a unique and tactile appeal. They are colored a deep green on the upper surface, which beautifully contrasts with the woolly, tan-colored indumentum that coats their underside. As spring emerges, Rhododendron makinoi becomes a focal point in the garden due to its splendid floral display. The flowers are typically borne in showy clusters at the ends of the branches. Each flower cluster can be composed of numerous individual blossoms, creating a dense and eye-catching display. The blossoms themselves are bell-shaped and range in color from pale pink to white with occasional purple spotting inside, which adds an extra layer of visual interest. The flowers are often described as very delicate and have a slight fragrance, making them attractive not just visually but also adding a sensory aspect to the plant's appeal. Adding to its ornamental qualities, Rhododendron makinoi features a well-branched structure that contributes to its overall attractive form. The branching habit allows the foliage to create a canopy of green, while also supporting the generous clusters of blooms that grace the plant in the flowering season. Even when not in bloom, the texture of the leaves, the color contrast between their topsides and undersides, and the plant's overall form make it a garden standout. In conclusion, Rhododendron makinoi is a plant that captures attention with its lush foliage and enchanting blooms. Its leaves provide year-round interest, while the seasonal blossom display adds a spectacular touch to any setting in which the plant is placed. This plant truly embodies a captivating presence in the garden or landscape without the need to reference its size.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Makino's Rhododendron, Makino Rhododendron

    • Common names

      Rhododendron makinoi

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Rhododendron, including the species Rhododendron makinoi, contains toxic compounds that can be harmful to humans if ingested. These compounds, particularly grayanotoxins, are found in all parts of the plant, including flowers, leaves, and nectar. Symptoms of rhododendron poisoning in humans can include nausea, vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, weakness, difficulty breathing, and reduced heart rate. Severe cases can lead to a drop in blood pressure, coma, and even death.

    • To pets

      Rhododendron is also toxic to pets, such as dogs and cats. All parts of the plant contain grayanotoxins, which can cause symptoms of poisoning when ingested. Symptoms in pets may include vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, loss of appetite, weakness, incoordination, and depression of the central nervous system. In severe cases, ingestion of rhododendron can lead to cardiac failure and potentially death. Immediate veterinary attention is required if a pet is suspected to have ingested any part of a rhododendron plant.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3 feet [0.91 meters]

    • Spread

      4 feet [1.22 meters]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Rhododendron makinoi, also known as Makino's rhododendron, features beautiful, showy flowers that enhance garden aesthetics.
    • Habitat for Wildlife: Its blossoms provide nectar for pollinators, including bees and butterflies, supporting biodiversity.
    • Shade Tolerance: Makino's rhododendron can thrive in shaded areas where other plants might struggle, making it a versatile choice for landscaping.
    • Evergreen Foliage: This plant retains its leaves throughout the year, offering constant greenery and structure to gardens.
    • Drought Resistance: Once established, it has some degree of drought resistance, which can be beneficial in drier climates or during water restrictions.
    • Cold Hardiness: It is capable of withstanding cold temperatures, making it suitable for planting in regions with cooler climates.
    • Erosion Control: The root system helps to stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes or in areas prone to soil loss.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Rhododendron makinoi, commonly known as the Makino rhododendron, has leaves that can be used in floral arrangements to add unique texture and form due to their elongated shape and leathery appearance.
    • The bark of the Makino rhododendron, with its interesting texture and color, can be used in crafts and as a natural material in garden design for decorative purposes.
    • Due to its dense growth habit, the Makino rhododendron can be cultivated as a privacy screen or hedge in landscaping projects.
    • The plant's ability to adapt to slopes makes it suitable for erosion control in hilly areas or on banks, helping to stabilize the soil.
    • The Makino rhododendron is often used as a backdrop for other garden plants due to its height and evergreen foliage, providing a contrasting green canvas for seasonal blooms.
    • Foliage from the Makino rhododendron can be used in mulches or compost, contributing to soil conditioning and nutrients once decomposed.
    • Its vibrant bloom clusters can be used in art and botanical illustration as a subject, offering bright inspiration for naturalistic representation.
    • The wood of Rhododendron makinoi can be used in the production of small wooden objects or inlaid art due to its fine grain when adequately treated and finished.
    • The plant can be a source of nectar for bees when in bloom, supporting local bee populations and contributing to the pollination of nearby plants.
    • In bonsai culture, the Makino rhododendron can be trained and pruned to create miniature landscape elements due to its attractive form and foliage.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Rhododendron is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Rhododendron is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Caution: Rhododendron, including Rhododendron makinoi, is known to be toxic if ingested. Its symbolism sometimes thus includes a warning or represents caution.
    • Beware: Similarly to the symbolism of caution, the toxic nature of Rhododendrons also leads them to symbolize danger or 'beware'.
    • Agility or Survival: Rhododendron makinoi can grow in harsh conditions, symbolizing the ability to adapt and survive difficult environments.
    • Elegance: The Rhododendron is often associated with elegance due to its large, showy blooms.
    • Abundance: The prolific blooming of Rhododendron makinoi can symbolize abundance or wealth.

Every 7-10 days
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Makino Rhododendron should be watered thoroughly once a week during the growing season, ensuring that water reaches the root zone. In hot or windy weather, increase watering to twice a week, but avoid over-watering to prevent root rot. During winter, reduce watering to every other week or less, as the plant requires less moisture. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy, and it's typically recommended to provide about 1 inch of water per watering session.

  • sunLight

    Makino Rhododendron thrives in partial shade, ideally receiving filtered sunlight or morning sun followed by afternoon shade. The best spot for this plant is one that avoids the intense heat of the midday sun, which can scorch the leaves, while still providing enough light for the plant to produce its flowers.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The ideal temperature range for Makino Rhododendron is between 50°F and 75°F. They can survive a minimum temperature of about 20°F, provided they are protected from harsh winter winds. During the summer, it is essential that they are not exposed to temperatures above 80°F for prolonged periods, as this can cause stress to the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune Makino Rhododendron in late winter or early spring to maintain shape and encourage bushier growth. Deadheading spent flowers after blooming will promote better blooms the following season. Annual pruning of dead or crossing branches will also help maintain plant health. Limit pruning to about one third of the plant each year to avoid overstressing the plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Makinoi Rhododendron thrives in acidic soil with a pH between 4.5 to 6.0. The best soil mix is a combination of peat moss, pine bark, and perlite or coarse sand to ensure good drainage and aeration. A top layer of pine needles or leaf mulch can help maintain soil acidity and moisture.

  • plantRepotting

    Makinoi Rhododendron generally requires repotting every 2 to 3 years. The best time for repotting is during late winter or early spring just before the growth season starts. Ensure that the new pot has proper drainage to prevent root rot.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Makinoi Rhododendron prefers moderate to high humidity levels. Aim for a humidity level of around 50-60% for optimal growth. If the air in your home is dry, use a humidifier or place a water tray near the plant to increase humidity.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright, indirect light, acidic soil, and moderate humidity for indoor Makinoi Rhododendron.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, use acidic, well-draining soil, and protect from strong winds for outdoor Makinoi Rhododendron.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Rhododendron makinoi, commonly known as Makino's Rhododendron, begins its life cycle when its seeds germinate in a moist, well-drained acidic soil, typically under the shade of trees. The seedlings grow slowly, developing a robust root system and evergreen foliage characteristic of rhododendrons. As a juvenile, Makino's Rhododendron gradually forms a woody stem and reaches maturity over several years, during which it begins to produce large, showy flowers that are usually white to pale pink with a distinctive reddish-brown dorsal blotch. The flowering stage occurs in spring, and after pollination by insects, the plant produces dry, dehiscent capsules that release numerous small seeds. These seeds, once dispersed often by wind, can lead to the establishment of new plants if they land in suitable growing conditions. Makino's Rhododendron can live for many years, with some specimens surviving for several decades, continuously going through cycles of growth, flowering, and seed production.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Propogation: The most popular method of propagating Rhododendron makinoi, commonly known as Makino's Rhododendron, is through semi-hardwood cuttings. This technique involves taking cuttings from the plant during the summer when the new growth has begun to mature and harden slightly. Typical cuttings should be about 4 to 6 inches long. The leaves on the lower half of the cutting are removed and the bottom end is dipped in rooting hormone powder to encourage root development. Afterward, the cuttings are inserted into a potting mix of equal parts peat and perlite. The pot should then be placed in a humid environment with dappled sunlight until the roots have formed, which can take several weeks. Maintaining adequate moisture levels during this time is key to successful propagation.