Pot Marigold Calendula officinalis 'Daisy May' (Daisy Series)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
marigold 'Daisy May'


Calendula officinalis 'Daisy May', commonly known as pot marigold, is a flowering herbaceous plant known for its vibrant and showy flowers. 'Daisy May' is part of the Daisy Series and is characterized by its daisy-like blossoms. The flowers typically have a bright, sunny appearance, often presenting a rich golden-orange hue that adds a splash of color to gardens and landscapes. The petals of pot marigold 'Daisy May' are arranged in a regular pattern, emanating from the center of the flower in a circular fashion, similar to the rays of the sun. At the center of each blossom, there may be a darker, contrasting color which increases the aesthetic appeal of the bloom and draws the eye. The foliage of the 'Daisy May' variety is usually a deep green color, with leaves that have a slightly hairy texture. These leaves may have a lance shape or be somewhat oblong, with margins that can be smooth or slightly serrated. The plant itself is bushy in nature, with a robust and branching growth habit, which allows for an abundant display of flowers that can contribute significantly to its ornamental value. In summary, the pot marigold 'Daisy May' is distinguished by its vivid orange flowers with a daisy-like appearance set against a backdrop of rich green foliage. Its attractive blooms and lush leaves make it a popular choice for adding color and cheer to garden settings.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Pot Marigold, Common Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Ruddles, English Marigold

    • Common names

      Calendula officinalis.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Pot marigold, which includes Calendula officinalis 'Daisy May', is not considered toxic to humans. In fact, it is often used in culinary applications; the petals are edible and are sometimes used as a garnish or in salads. However, some individuals may have allergies or sensitivities to the plant, which could cause an adverse reaction if ingested or if the skin comes into contact with the plant. This could result in symptoms like rash, itchiness, or in rare cases, more serious allergic reactions. Pregnant and nursing women should avoid consuming pot marigold in medicinal amounts as its effects are not well studied in these populations.

    • To pets

      Pot marigold is generally considered to be non-toxic to pets as well. If a pet (like a dog or a cat) ingests part of a pot marigold plant, it is unlikely to cause harm. Nonetheless, it's possible for pets to have an individual sensitivity or allergic reaction, which might result in mild gastrointestinal upset, such as vomiting or diarrhea. If a pet displays any adverse symptoms after ingestion, it is prudent to consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Attracts Pollinators - Calendula officinalis is known for attracting bees and butterflies which are essential for pollination in the garden.
    • Edible Flowers - The flowers of Calendula are edible and can be used to add color to salads and as a garnish for various dishes.
    • Easy to Grow - It is a hardy plant that can easily be grown in a variety of conditions, making it suitable for gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Pest Deterrent - Calendula has natural pest resistant properties that can help protect nearby plants from common garden pests.
    • Companion Planting - It makes a great companion plant for many vegetables and herbs, potentially improving growth and health.
    • Ornamental Value - With its bright and cheerful flowers, Calendula adds visual appeal to gardens, borders, and as cut flowers in floral arrangements.
    • Self-seeds Readily - The plant often self-seeds, ensuring a continuous display from year to year with minimal effort.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Calendula officinalis is commonly used for its properties that may help reduce inflammation.
    • Wound healing: It is known for its ability to assist in the healing of cuts, wounds, and other skin irritations.
    • Antimicrobial: The plant has been noted to possess antimicrobial properties which might be effective against certain bacteria and fungi.
    • Antispasmodic: There is some indication that calendula can help alleviate muscle spasms.
    • Menstrual cycle regulation: Calendula has been traditionally used to help regulate menstrual cycles and relieve associated cramps.
    • Skin health: It is used in various topical applications for improving skin health and treating skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Companion planting: Calendula, commonly known as pot marigold, can be used in the garden to attract beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, which help control pests.
    • Colorant in cosmetics: The flower petals contain pigments that can be used as natural colorants in creams and lotions.
    • Natural fabric dye: The vibrant petals of Calendula can be used to dye wool, silk, and other natural fabrics.
    • Soap making: Dried petals are often incorporated into soap for their skin-soothing properties and ability to produce a natural yellow-orange color.
    • Culinary decoration: Fresh or dried petals can be used as an edible garnish on salads and desserts for a splash of color.
    • Egg coloring: The petals can be used to produce a natural dye for coloring Easter eggs.
    • Candle making: Petals of the Calendula can be added to candles to create a beautiful, speckled effect.
    • Floral crafts: Dried Calendula flowers are used in potpourris, wreaths, and other dried floral arrangements.
    • Ink production: Historically, plant pigments have been used in ink production, and Calendula petals may serve as a source for natural yellow ink.
    • Photography: In alternative photographic processes, such as anthotypes, the flower’s pigment can be used to create prints from photographs using sunlight.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The pot marigold is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The pot marigold is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Healing: Calendula is widely recognized for its medicinal properties, commonly used to promote wound healing and skin health.
    • Protection: In folklore, it was believed that calendula could protect against evil and attract positive energy.
    • Comfort: The herb’s bright and cheerful appearance symbolizes warmth and comfort, making it a popular choice for comforting bouquets.
    • Renewal: Because of its association with the cycles of the sun and its ability to bloom throughout many months, calendula is a symbol of renewal and the constancy of life.
    • Love and Admiration: In the language of flowers, calendula can represent feelings of love and admiration for someone's resilience and grace.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every year
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Pot marigolds should be watered deeply once a week, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. When watering, avoid getting water on the leaves to prevent fungal diseases. It's best to water early in the morning to give the plant time to absorb moisture before the heat of the day. Generally, aim for about one to two gallons of water per week, depending on the size of the plant and the environmental conditions.

  • sunLight

    Pot marigolds prefer full sun to partial shade, with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. The ideal spot for pot marigolds is an east or west-facing garden where they can enjoy the morning or afternoon sun without being exposed to the intense midday heat.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Pot marigolds thrive in temperatures between 50°F and 80°F. They can withstand short periods of cold down to about 25°F but cannot survive sustained freezing temperatures. The ideal temperature range for these plants is from 60°F to 70°F during the day.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pot marigolds should be pruned to remove dead or wilting flowers, a process known as deadheading, to encourage more blooms and maintain a tidy appearance. This should be done throughout the blooming season. The best time to prune is when the flowers begin to fade, cutting back to the base of the stem.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Pot marigold prefers well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, enriched with compost. A soil mix with equal parts garden soil, compost, and perlite or sand provides optimal conditions for healthy growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Pot marigold should be repotted annually during the growing season if it is being kept in a container, to replenish its nutrients and accommodate growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Pot marigold is not particularly humidity-sensitive and thrives in average ambient moisture, making it suitable for outdoor garden settings or common household humidity levels.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure full sun, use well-draining soil, and avoid overwatering.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sunny spot, use compost-enriched soil, water regularly.

    • Hardiness zone

      2-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of pot marigold (Calendula officinalis 'Daisy May') starts from a seed, which when sown in fertile, well-drained soil and given adequate warmth and moisture, will germinate. The seedling emerges, developing its first set of true leaves and begins photosynthesis. As the plant grows, it forms a robust root system and lush foliage in a rosette shape, and upon reaching maturity, it produces vibrant daisy-like flowers. These flowers are hermaphroditic, containing both male and female reproductive parts, which allows for self-pollination or pollination by insects, leading to the production of seeds. After pollination, seeds develop within the flower heads; once mature, they can be collected and dispersed, completing the reproductive cycle. Pot marigold is an annual, so after seed production, the plant wilts and dies, though it may self-seed in conducive conditions, continuing its life cycle in the next growing season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The most popular method for propagating Calendula, also known as Pot Marigold, is by sowing seeds. Seeds should be sown in early spring, after the last frost when the soil has warmed up sufficiently. For many regions, this means between March and April. Gently press the seeds into the soil and cover them lightly, as they need some light to germinate effectively. Keep the soil moist until germination, which typically occurs within 5 to 14 days. Seedlings can be thinned out or transplanted once they have developed their first true set of leaves. Calendula can also self-seed prolifically if flower heads are left to mature and drop seeds, creating a natural propagation cycle.