Sea Lavender Limonium bellidifolium

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
matted sea lavender


Limonium bellidifolium, commonly known as Goniolimon bellidifolium or just goniolimon, is a perennial plant known for its attractive appearance, particularly popular in dried flower arrangements. This plant typically forms a basal rosette of spoon-shaped, fleshy leaves that are green to gray-green in color. The leaves may have a slightly wavy or ruffled edge, adding to their visual appeal. The goniolimon is perhaps best known for its airy, branched clusters of tiny flowers. These flowers can come in shades of pink, lavender, violet, or white, creating a mist-like effect atop the stems. Each small blossom consists of a papery calyx, with the true, delicate flower nestled inside. This gives the inflorescence a frothy, cloud-like appearance that is quite distinctive. The flowers are borne on stiff stems which emerge from the rosette of leaves. When in full bloom, the plant can appear as a haze of color due to the sheer number of flowers it produces, offering a soft, feathery aesthetic that contrasts well with the thicker, more fleshly nature of the foliage below. After flowering, these blooms dry very well, retaining much of their color and shape, which makes goniolimon a sought-after choice for everlasting bouquets and crafts.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Goniolimon Bellidifolium, Sea Lavender, Marsh Rosemary, Statice

    • Common names

      Limonium braunii, Limonium echioides, Limonium girardianum, Statice bellidifolia, Statice braunii, Statice echioides

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Sea lavender (Limonium bellidifolium) is generally considered non-toxic to humans. There is no significant evidence or reports of toxicity in humans following the ingestion of any parts of the sea lavender plant. However, as with any plant, individual allergies or sensitivities may occur, and it is usually wise to avoid ingesting plants that are not typically recognized as food.

    • To pets

      Sea lavender (Limonium bellidifolium) is also generally considered non-toxic to pets. It does not typically appear on lists of poisonous plants for pets such as dogs and cats, and there are no widely reported cases of poisoning. However, as individual pets can have different sensitivities, it's advisable to prevent pets from consuming plants that are not meant for their consumption to avoid potential issues such as gastrointestinal upset.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot 30 cm

    • Spread

      1 foot 30 cm

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Limonium bellidifolium, commonly known as Sea Lavender, adds aesthetic appeal to gardens and landscapes with its colorful flowers and attractive foliage.
    • Drought Tolerance: Sea Lavender is highly resilient to dry conditions, making it an ideal choice for xeriscaping and water-efficient gardening.
    • Coastal Erosion Control: Its ability to thrive in coastal areas can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion in these vulnerable environments.
    • Support for Pollinators: The flowers of Sea Lavender attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, providing them with nectar and pollen resources.
    • Low Maintenance: Due to its hardy nature, Sea Lavender requires minimal care once established, which is suitable for low-maintenance landscaping.
    • Saline Tolerance: Adapted to saline soils, this plant can be successfully grown in coastal and saline environments where other species might not survive.
    • Long-Lasting Blooms: The flowers of Sea Lavender have a long blooming period, offering visual interest throughout the growing season.
    • Floral Arrangements: The long-lasting and attractive flowers are often used in dried floral arrangements, maintaining their color and shape for an extended period.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Limonium bellidifolium, commonly known as sea lavender, can be used for dried flower arrangements due to its ability to retain color and shape for long periods after drying.
    • The plant is sometimes incorporated into wildlife gardens as it provides a valuable source of nectar for pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
    • Sea lavender is occasionally used in landscaping for erosion control because its roots can help stabilize soil in coastal areas.
    • Artists and crafters use the flowers of sea lavender in the creation of botanical prints and natural dyes for fabrics.
    • In culinary arts, the delicate branches and flowers can be utilized as a garnish for dishes and desserts for a touch of natural beauty.
    • Gardeners may employ sea lavender as a companion plant in gardens because it's known to be relatively pest-free, thus not attracting unwanted insects to more delicate plants.
    • Sea lavender is used in the production of natural floral waters or hydrosols, which are used for their light and pleasant fragrance.
    • The plant has been traditionally used in some cultures for ceremonial purposes such as wreaths or decorations in festivals and religious events.
    • Due to its tolerance to salty environments, sea lavender is sometimes planted in coastal areas to help combat the spread of invasive plant species by outcompeting them.
    • Sea lavender's vibrant colors are sometimes used in photography and painting as it provides a stark contrast against natural backdrops such as sandy beaches or rocky shores.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Limonium is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant Limonium is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Remembrance: Limonium bellidifolium, commonly known as Sea Lavender, often symbolizes remembrance, perhaps due to its long-lasting nature once cut and dried, making it a popular choice in arrangements meant to evoke memories.
    • Success: Sea Lavender may symbolize success, as it is a hardy plant that can thrive in challenging environments, often growing in salty, high mineral content soils where other plants struggle.
    • Sympathy: The delicate appearance of Sea Lavender’s flowers is sometimes associated with sympathy, making it appropriate for expressions of condolence.
    • Beauty and Appreciation: With its intricate clusters of small, papery flowers, Sea Lavender is often indicative of beauty and a sign of appreciation for the delicate and intricate aspects of life.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Sea lavender prefers moderate watering but can tolerate some drought. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings to prevent root rot. Typically, watering about once a week with about one gallon of water should suffice. During the growing season in spring and summer, keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Reduce watering in the fall and winter when the plant is dormant.

  • sunLight

    Sea lavender thrives best in full sun to partial shade conditions. A location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day is ideal. If grown indoors, place it near a south-facing window to ensure it receives ample light. Avoid locations that are too shaded, as this can result in poor blooming and leggy growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Sea lavender is hardy and can withstand a wide range of temperatures, but it grows best in conditions between 60°F and 75°F. It can survive temperatures as low as 20°F and as high as 90°F, but extreme temperatures should be avoided to keep the plant healthy. Maintain an environment without sudden temperature changes for the best growth.

  • scissorsPruning

    Sea lavender benefits from occasional pruning to shape the plant and remove spent blooms. Deadheading after flowering encourages a second bloom and prevents self-seeding. Prune lightly in late winter or early spring before new growth begins to maintain a tidy appearance and promote healthy growth.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Sea lavender thrives in well-draining soil mixed with sand and peat for aeration. The pH should be slightly alkaline, around 7.5 to 8.5.

  • plantRepotting

    Sea lavender does not need to be repotted often, once every 2 to 3 years is sufficient, or when it outgrows its container.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Sea lavender prefers moderate to high humidity levels but can tolerate drier air typical to coastal regions where it naturally grows.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place sea lavender in bright light, water sparingly.

    • Outdoor

      Full sun, sandy soil, water when top inch is dry.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Limonium bellidifolium, commonly known as Goniolimon bellidifolium, begins its life cycle with seed germination, which is highly dependent on the right temperature and moisture levels. Upon germination, seedlings establish themselves and grow into rosettes, developing a taproot to absorb water and nutrients from the soil. Through the vegetative stage, the plant's leaves mature and form a dense clump, which is crucial for photosynthesis and subsequent growth. The reproductive phase is marked by the emergence of flowering stalks during the summer, with tiny, purple to pink flowers that attract pollinators. After pollination, these flowers produce seeds, thereby completing the sexual reproduction cycle. Finally, the plant enters a period of dormancy, especially in regions with cold winters, and resumes its cycle with the return of favorable conditions.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Propogation: Sea Lavender (Limonium bellidifolium) is most commonly propagated through seed sowing. The best time to propagate Sea Lavender by seeds is in the spring, after the last frost when temperatures begin to warm. To propagate, seeds should be sown in a well-draining soil mix, lightly covered with soil, and kept moist until germination occurs. Germination can be erratic, so patience is necessary. Once seedlings emerge and reach a sufficient size, they can be transplanted into individual pots or their final location in the garden. It's important to provide young plants with adequate light and water while they establish.