Leopard Plant Ligularia stenocephala

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
narrow-headed leopard plant


The plant known by the common name "The Rocket" has distinctive attributes that contribute to its striking appearance. It displays a robust and lush presence with large, kidney-shaped leaves that have a rich green color. These leaves are often textured with deep veining and can have serrated edges, providing a visually alluring and tactile quality to the plant. During the blooming period, it produces tall, slender spikes that are adorned with bright yellow flowers. These blossoms are small and daisy-like, densely packed in elongated clusters, stretching upwards like a floral spire. The contrast between the bold foliage and the cheerful flower spikes creates a compelling display in any garden setting. The Rocket's dramatic foliage and eye-catching flower spikes make for a visually stunning plant that draws attention throughout its blooming season.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Leopard Plant, Narrow-Headed Ligularia, Narrow-Headed Ragwort, Rocket Ligularia.

    • Common names

      Senecillis stenocephala, Senecio clivorum, Senecio stenocephalus, Cacalia hastata var. stenocephala, Ligularia clivorum, Ligularia hastata var. stenocephala, Farfugium stenocephalum, Senecillis clivorum.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Leopard Plant (Ligularia stenocephala) is not commonly known to be toxic to humans. However, like many plants, it may cause mild stomach upset if ingested in large quantities. Always exercise caution and avoid eating ornamental plants.

    • To pets

      The Leopard Plant (Ligularia stenocephala) is generally not considered poisonous to pets. Nevertheless, it's always prudent to discourage pets from eating plants, as individual sensitivities can vary, and gastrointestinal irritation could occur if they ingest plant matter not typically part of their diet.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4 feet (1.2 meters

    • Spread

      2 feet (0.6 meters

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Value: Adds striking foliage and bright yellow flowers to gardens, enhancing the visual appeal.
    • Habitat Support: Offers nectar and pollen to bees and other pollinators, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Shade Tolerance: Thrives in partially shaded areas where other plants may struggle to grow.
    • Soil Erosion Control: Helps stabilize soil in gardens and landscaped areas with its extensive root system.
    • Moisture Loving: Ideal for bog gardens or waterside planting due to its preference for moist soil conditions.
    • Architectural Interest: Provides bold texture and form to garden designs, with its large leaves and tall flower spikes.
    • Seasonal Interest: Flowers in late summer when many other plants have finished blooming, extending the garden's interest.
    • Diversity: Can be used in a variety of garden settings, from borders to pond edges, increasing plant variety in the landscape.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Ligularia stenocephala, commonly known as the Leopard Plant, can be used as a natural dye source, with its leaves potentially yielding varying shades depending on the mordant used.
    • The large, lush leaves of the Leopard Plant can serve as a natural mulch when fallen, helping to retain soil moisture and suppress weeds.
    • Due to its bold foliage, Leopard Plant can be used in artists' studies for botanical illustration or for teaching plant structure in educational settings.
    • The striking appearance of the Leopard Plant makes it a popular choice for ornamental water garden planting, adding a dramatic effect near ponds or streams.
    • Its robust size makes the Leopard Plant ideal for creating private nooks within a garden, especially when planted in groups, for a natural screening effect.
    • Given its ability to thrive in moist soil, the Leopard Plant can be used in rain gardens which are designed to absorb excess rainwater.
    • The bright yellow flowers of the Leopard Plant are useful in attracting pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, which can benefit the entire garden ecosystem.
    • Because of its preference for shady conditions, Leopard Plant can be implemented in woodland gardens to create a lush, jungle-like aesthetic.
    • In larger landscapes, the Leopard Plant's bold texture contrasts well with fine-textured plants, providing a design technique for visual interest.
    • During the fall, the seed heads of the Leopard Plant can add a striking element to dried floral arrangements or naturalistic wreaths.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Leopard Plant is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Leopard Plant is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Maternal Protection: Ligularia stenocephala, commonly known as the Leopard Plant, often symbolizes maternal protection due to its broad, large leaves that seem to shelter the delicate flowers beneath them, much like a mother's care.
    • Persistence: As a plant that thrives in damp environments and can rebound from environmental stress, the Leopard Plant represents persistence and the ability to overcome obstacles.
    • Happiness: The bright, spotted blooms of the Leopard Plant are reminiscent of a leopard's playful spots, symbolizing happiness and a sense of joy in the garden.
    • Uniqueness: Each Leopard Plant has a unique pattern on its leaves, making it a symbol of individuality and the beauty of being different.

Every 2-3 days
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Late spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Leopard Plant requires consistent moisture and should be watered thoroughly, ensuring the soil remains evenly damp but not waterlogged. During the growing season, water the Leopard Plant with about one to two gallons per week, depending on climate conditions, more if it's very hot or less if it's cool and cloudy. During winter, reduce watering to match the plant’s reduced need as it enters dormancy, but never let the soil dry out completely. Always use lukewarm water to avoid shocking the plant's roots. Overhead watering can be beneficial in the morning to help increase humidity and cleanliness of the foliage.

  • sunLight

    Leopard Plants prefer a location with partial to full shade, especially protection from the hot afternoon sun. Bright, indirect light is ideal, as too much direct sun can scorch the leaves. A spot that receives morning sun and afternoon shade is typically perfect. The plant thrives under the canopy of larger trees or on the north side of a building where it receives consistent but filtered light.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Leopard Plants enjoy a cooler climate and thrive in temperatures that are typically between 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. They can survive minimum temperatures down to about 30 degrees Fahrenheit but should be protected from frost. During the hot summers, ensure that they have adequate shade as excessive heat can stress the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune Leopard Plants to remove any dead or damaged leaves and to maintain a compact and attractive shape. Pruning is best done in the spring or after the plant has flowered. Regular deadheading of spent flowers can also encourage further blooming. Every few years, you can divide the clumps in early spring to rejuvenate the plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for the Leopard Plant is rich, organic, and well-draining, with a slightly acidic to neutral pH of 6.5 to 7.0. Amend garden soil with compost and peat moss to enhance water retention and nutrient content.

  • plantRepotting

    Leopard Plants typically need repotting every 2-3 years or when they outgrow their current container, ensuring fresh soil and room for growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Leopard Plant thrives in high humidity environments, ideally between 60-75%, so maintaining a moist atmosphere is beneficial for healthy growth.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Leopard Plant near a window with indirect light; keep soil moist.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade; mulch generously to retain soil moisture.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The "Leopard plant" (Ligularia stenocephala) begins its life cycle as a seed, which when sown, germinates to produce small sprouts if the conditions are optimal, usually requiring a warm and moist environment. The sprouts grow into rosettes of large, kidney-shaped leaves, which in a perennial fashion, die back to the ground in winter and re-emerge in spring. During spring and summer, the plant enters its vegetative stage, with the foliage growing larger and lush. By mid to late summer, it reaches maturity and produces tall flower spikes with bright yellow, daisy-like flowers that attract pollinators. After pollination, the flowers give way to seeds, which are dispersed by wind, water, or wildlife, to begin the lifecycle anew. In winter, the plant experiences dormancy, with the above-ground growth dying back, while the root system remains alive to restart the cycle in the following spring.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late spring

    • The most popular method of propagation for Ligularia stenocephala, commonly known as the Narrow-leaved Ragwort, is by division. This process is typically done in early spring or fall as the plant emerges from dormancy or starts to slow down its active growth. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the clump with a shovel and gently separate the plant into smaller clumps ensuring that each has a good portion of the root system. Replant these divisions at the same soil level they were previously growing at and space them about 18 inches (approximately 45 centimeters) apart to give them room to spread. Water these new plantings thoroughly to help establish them. Through division, the Narrow-leaved Ragwort will continue to thrive and maintain the genetic characteristics of the parent plant.