Snowdrop Galanthus angustifolius

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
narrow-leaved snowdrop


Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as the Crimean snowdrop, is a charming flowering plant known for its nodding white flowers that emerge early in the year. Each flower resembles a drop of milk hanging from the stem and is made up of six tepals. The three outer tepals are pure white, long, and curved, creating an elegant contrast to the three shorter inner tepals which often feature a green mark at their tips. The foliage of the Crimean snowdrop is narrow, with a typical green color, providing a delicate backdrop for the bright blooms. This plant flourishes in cooler climates and often signals the imminent arrival of spring by piercing through the last of winter's snow.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Crimean Snowdrop, Narrow-Leaved Snowdrop.

    • Common names

      Galanthus ikariae, Galanthus cilicicus, Galanthus nordmannianus, Galanthus plicatus

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as the snowdrop, is considered mildly toxic to humans if ingested. It contains alkaloids such as galantamine which can cause symptoms if consumed in large quantities. Symptoms of snowdrop poisoning may include gastrointestinal upset, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and in severe cases, it may also affect the nervous system, potentially leading to dizziness, confusion, and even convulsions. Handling the plant may occasionally cause skin irritation in some individuals.

    • To pets

      The snowdrop is also toxic to pets, including cats and dogs. The same alkaloids, including galantamine, can lead to symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, and lethargy if ingested. In more severe cases, ingestion might lead to changes in heart rate, breathing difficulties, and seizures. Pet owners should prevent their animals from eating or chewing any part of the snowdrop plant.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6 inches (15 cm)

    • Spread

      3 inches (7.5 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Early flowering: Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as Narrow-Leaved Snowdrop, is one of the first plants to bloom in late winter or early spring, providing an early source of nectar for pollinators.
    • Aesthetic appeal: The delicate white flowers of the Narrow-Leaved Snowdrop add beauty and interest to winter gardens when most other plants are dormant.
    • Ease of care: Snowdrops are relatively low-maintenance and can naturalize, forming beautiful drifts with minimal gardener intervention.
    • Cold hardiness: As a plant that thrives in cold winter climates, the Narrow-Leaved Snowdrop is well-suited for gardens in temperate regions where other plants may struggle.
    • Biodiversity support: By blooming early in the year, Narrow-Leaved Snowdrops offer food for bees and other insects when few other food sources are available.
    • Symbolic meaning: Snowdrops are often associated with hope and purity, and they are used to signify the end of winter and the arrival of spring.
    • Drought tolerance: Once established, Narrow-Leaved Snowdrops can be quite tolerant of dry conditions, making them suitable for gardens with lower water availability.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as snowdrop, can be used in winter gardens to provide an early bloom and signify the end of winter, as they are one of the first flowers to emerge.
    • The snowdrop can be a source of inspiration for artists and poets, symbolizing purity, hope, and the return of life in early spring.
    • In some cultures, the snowdrop is planted on graves as a tribute to the deceased and an emblem of eternal life, representing the cycle of life and hope.
    • They're used in garden designs to create 'white gardens', where various white-flowering plants are grouped together to create a monochromatic display.
    • The snowdrop is sometimes used in wedding bouquets, especially for ceremonies taking place in late winter or early spring, as it represents new beginnings.
    • Due to their early flowering, they can be important for foraging bees, providing a critical early nectar source when not many other plants are in bloom.
    • Galanthus angustifolius can be used as a natural marker for gardeners to indicate soil temperature, as they only emerge when the soil begins to thaw.
    • They are used in photography and visual arts as a subject for macro photography and botanical illustrations, offering delicate details that captivate viewers.
    • The snowdrop bulbs can sometimes be used in crafting, with dried bulbs painted and decorated as part of floral arrangements or botanical art pieces.
    • Collecting and studying the diverse range of snowdrop varieties can be a hobby, as horticulturists and enthusiasts value them for their diverse petal markings and forms.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Snowdrop is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant Snowdrop is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Hope: Because Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as snowdrop, is often the first flower to bloom at the end of winter, it symbolizes hope and the arrival of spring.
    • Purity: The snowdrop's white color is frequently associated with purity and innocence.
    • New beginnings: Snowdrops are emblematic of new beginnings due to their emergence from the cold winter ground, signifying the start of a fresh cycle of growth and life.
    • Consolation or comfort: In some traditions, the snowdrop is given as a symbol of consolation or sympathy, likely due to its gentle appearance.
    • Strength and resilience: Despite its delicate look, the snowdrop is quite hardy and able to push through frozen soil, symbolizing strength and resilience.

When soil is dry
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3 years
Early Spring
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Snowdrop, or Galanthus angustifolius, should be watered moderately during its growing season, ensuring that the soil remains moist but not waterlogged. It is best to water Snowdrops once a week, applying approximately 1 gallon of water per square yard of soil. During dormancy, after the leaves yellow, reduce watering significantly and allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to bulb rot, so it is crucial to ensure proper drainage and to avoid letting the plant sit in water.

  • sunLight

    Snowdrops thrive in light conditions that mimic their natural woodland habitat, preferring partial shade. They do best when planted in a spot that receives morning sunlight and is shaded in the afternoon, as this prevents the flowers from being damaged by intense midday sun. However, they can also tolerate full shade and are ideal for underplanting beneath deciduous trees, where they receive dappled sunlight.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Snowdrops are cold-hardy and prefer cooler temperatures, flourishing in a range between 35°F and 55°F. They can survive winter temperatures down to -20°F, making them suitable for many temperate regions. Ideally, the Snowdrop should not be exposed to temperatures over 65°F for prolonged periods, as this can induce dormancy or may negatively affect the plant's health and flowering.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning is not typically necessary for Snowdrops, but deadheading or removing spent flowers can encourage tidy growth. Prune only to remove dead or yellowing foliage after the plant has finished flowering and begun to go dormant, usually in late spring to early summer. Cutting back the foliage prematurely can affect the bulb's ability to store energy for the next season.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Snowdrop (Galanthus angustifolius) prefers well-drained soil rich in organic matter with a pH of 6.2 to 7.5. A mix of loam, peat, and sand can provide the right texture and nutrients for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Snowdrops (Galanthus angustifolius) typically do not require frequent repotting and can be left undisturbed for several years as they prefer to naturalize.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Snowdrops (Galanthus angustifolius) are tolerant of a wide range of humidity levels and do not have specific humidity requirements.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place snowdrops in bright, indirect light with cool temperatures.

    • Outdoor

      Plant snowdrops in partial shade and fertile, moist soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as the snowdrop, begins its life cycle with seed germination which occurs in spring, soon after dispersal from the parent plant. The seed develops into a small bulb which will lie dormant underground during the summer. In the fall, the plant will start to develop roots and a shoot, preparing for the winter. Throughout winter, the snowdrop remains beneath the soil, with its foliage and flowers emerging in late winter to early spring. After flowering, the plant will set seeds, which are then dispersed, completing its life cycle before the foliage dies back and the bulb goes dormant until the next fall. This perennial cycle repeats annually, with bulbs gradually multiplying and forming larger clumps over time.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early Spring

    • Galanthus angustifolius, commonly known as the Crimean snowdrop, is typically propagated through division of its bulbs. The best time to propagate the plant is when it is dormant, usually from late spring to early summer after the foliage has died back. The process involves carefully digging up the clump of bulbs and gently separating them. Each bulb should have a portion of the basal plate—a fleshy part where roots grow—and some roots attached. The bulbs are then replanted at the same depth they were growing before, which is typically around 3 inches (about 7.5 centimeters) deep, and spaced approximately 4 inches (approximately 10 centimeters) apart to allow for enough space for the plants to grow. The newly planted bulbs should then be watered well to help establish them. This method of vegetative propagation ensures that the new plants will be genetically identical to the mother plant.