Peach 'Peregrine' Prunus persica 'Peregrine' (F)
Peach 'Peregrine' produces light green and crimson, white-fleshed fruits in mid August to early September. This cultivar is best grown under cover, but in the south of England may be grown outside in a sheltered position
About this plant
Prunus persica 'Peregrine' (F).
Color of leaves
13 feet (4 meters)
13 feet (4 meters)
- General Benefits
- Attractive Flowers: Produces showy pink flowers in early spring, adding a burst of color to the garden.
- Edible Fruit: Bears delicious peaches that can be eaten fresh, canned, or used in cooking and baking.
- Aesthetic Appeal: Offers a stunning display of foliage, flowers, and fruit, enhancing the visual appeal of any landscape.
- Shade Provider: Mature trees can provide shade in gardens and outdoor living spaces during hot summer months.
- Pollinator Friendly: The blossoms attract bees and other pollinators, supporting biodiversity.
- Homegrown Quality: Allows for the cultivation of peaches without the need for transportation or processing, ensuring freshness and taste.
- Medical Properties
- This plant is not used for medical purposes.
- Air-purifying Qualities
This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.
- Other Uses
- Peach leaves can be used to infuse flavor in vinegars and oils, giving them a unique, peachy aroma suitable for gourmet cooking and salad dressings.
- Peach wood is often used for smoking meats to infuse a sweet, fruity flavor that complements the savory taste of the barbecue.
- The blossoms of the peach tree can be used as a natural decor, making a fragrant and colorful addition to bouquets and table arrangements.
- Peach kernels, which can be poisonous in large quantities due to cyanide compounds, are sometimes roasted and used in small amounts to flavor amaretto or other liqueur.
- Dried peach leaves can be used to stuff sachets, providing a pleasant scent for drawers and closets.
- The natural pectins in peach fruit are useful as a thickening agent for jams, jellies, and baking recipes, contributing to the desired consistency.
- Dyes extracted from peach leaves and bark can be used in textiles, giving fabrics a range of earthy tones and natural colors.
- Peach pits can be carved into beads or other small objects for craft projects, taking advantage of their durable qualities and unique appearance.
- The fuzzy texture of peach skin can be used for cleaning delicate surfaces, acting like a soft scrubber to avoid scratches.
- Peach trees can be cultivated into elaborate shapes through the art of espalier, creating living sculptures for ornamental gardens.
- Feng Shui
The peach tree is not used in Feng Shui practice.
- Zodiac Sign Compitability
The peach tree is not used in astrology practice.
- Plant Symbolism
- Longevity: The peach tree, in general, is considered a symbol of long life and immortality in Chinese culture, possibly contributing similar meanings to the 'Peregrine' peach.
- Renewal: As a fruit-bearing tree that blossoms annually, peaches often represent the theme of renewal and the rejuvenation of life.
- Femininity: The delicate flowers and the soft, velvety skin of peaches have been associated with feminine beauty and gentleness.
- Love and Romance: In some cultures, the peach is a sign of marriage and love, signifying the union and affection between people.
- Youthfulness: The lush and juicy nature of peaches is often linked with youth and vitality.
Peach trees like the 'Peregrine' variety should be watered deeply, allowing for the soil to fully saturate. In the spring and summer during the fruiting season, when trees are actively growing, they should be watered every 7 to 10 days, depending on the weather conditions, with approximately 5 gallons per watering for young trees and up to 10 gallons for mature trees. During the dormant season in fall and winter, water them less frequently, just enough to prevent the soil from drying out completely. It is important to note that overwatering can lead to root rot, while under-watering can stress the tree and impact fruit production.
'Peregrine' peach trees thrive best in full sunlight, receiving at least six hours of direct sun daily. The ideal spot for planting them would be in an open area away from larger structures or trees that could create shade. Good sunlight is essential for healthy growth and fruit development, so make sure to position your peach tree in the brightest location within your landscape.
'Peregrine' peach trees grow optimally in temperatures ranging between 75°F and 85°F but can handle short periods of temps as high as 100°F. They require a certain number of chill hours, typically between 600 and 900 hours below 45°F to produce fruit, but should not be exposed to temperatures below -10°F to avoid cold injury. The ideal conditions for the 'Peregrine' peach include a warm, temperate climate with adequate winter chilling to ensure proper dormancy and fruit set.
Pruning your 'Peregrine' peach tree is key to maintaining tree health, encouraging strong growth, and improving fruit yield. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring before new growth starts but after the threat of extreme cold has passed. Cut back dead or diseased limbs, thin out crowded branches to allow sunlight into the canopy, and shape the tree to keep it at a manageable size. Annually pruning your peach tree also reduces the risk of pests and disease by improving air circulation.
The best soil mix for the Peach tree 'Peregrine' is well-draining, with a mix of loam, sand, and organic compost, promoting healthy root growth. Ideal soil pH should be slightly acidic, between 6.0 and 7.0.
Young Peach 'Peregrine' trees should be repotted every 2 to 3 years to ensure continued growth and root health. Mature trees are usually not repotted but may require soil replenishment.
- Humidity & Misting
The Peach tree 'Peregrine' prefers moderate humidity levels typical of outdoor environments. It does not thrive in excessively high or low humidity conditions.
- Suitable locations
For indoor cultivation, ensure bright light, limited space, and proper pruning.
Plant in full sun, well-drained soil, and protect from harsh conditions.
- Life cycle
The 'Peregrine' peach begins its life cycle as a dormant seed, which after stratification, germinates in the warmth of spring, developing a root system and shoot. The juvenile plant grows, forming a small sapling that eventually matures into a fruit-bearing tree through vegetative growth and the development of a strong woody structure. Flower buds formed during the previous season bloom in early spring, followed by pollination, typically by bees, leading to fertilization. After pollination, the flowers develop into peaches, the tree's fruits, which grow larger and ripen by late summer. Once the peaches are harvested, the tree enters a state of senescence in preparation for winter dormancy, shedding its leaves as it conserves energy for the next growing season. The tree can live for many years, repeating this annual cycle, though commercial fruiting lifespan is often shorter due to intensive agricultural practices.
Propogation: The most popular method of propagating the 'Peregrine' peach (Prunus persica 'Peregrine' (F)) is by grafting. Typically, this is done during the dormant season, which is late winter to early spring. In grafting, a scion or cutting from the 'Peregrine' peach is joined to a rootstock of another peach variety that is known for its robust root system. The scion, generally about 6 to 8 inches (approximately 15 to 20 centimeters) long, is cut at an angle to match a similar cut on the rootstock, ensuring the cambium layers (growth tissues) of both the scion and the rootstock align for successful growth and healing. The join is then secured with grafting tape or a similar material to maintain contact until the graft union has healed and the scion is able to grow independently, supported by the rootstock. Grafting not only combines the desirable fruit qualities of the 'Peregrine' peach with a hardy base, but it also increases disease resistance and adapts the tree to a variety of soil types.