Pyrenean squill Scilla liliohyacinthus

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Pyrenean squill


Scilla liliohyacinthus, commonly known as Pyrenean Squill, is a bulbous perennial plant that exhibits a striking and ornamental appearance. It is characterized by its vibrant blue flowers that are star-shaped with six pointed petals, which closely resemble those of a hyacinth, hence its name. These flowers bloom in dense clusters atop sturdy stems, creating a stunning visual display. Each individual bloom is relatively small, but together on the spike, they form an eye-catching bunch. The leaves of the Pyrenean Squill are narrow and glossy, presenting an attractive green color that complements the richness of the blue flowers. They are strap-shaped and can be found at the base of the plant, typically forming a rosette that hugs the ground. As a spring-flowering plant, the Pyrenean Squill brings life and color to gardens after the winter months, and its beauty is further enhanced when grown in large groups where the full impact of its flowering spikes can be observed. The plant's overall charm and semblance to hyacinths make it a favored choice among garden enthusiasts who wish to add a touch of blue to their spring landscapes.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Pyrenean Squill, Amethyst Meadow Squill, Giant Squill

    • Common names

      Scilla liliohyacinthus.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Scilla liliohyacinthus, commonly known as the Pyrenean squill, is considered toxic if ingested. The toxicity is due to the presence of cardiac glycosides and other compounds that can have a negative effect on the human body. Symptoms of poisoning from the Pyrenean squill may include gastrointestinal issues such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Additionally, ingestion can cause more severe symptoms such as heart palpitations, tremors, and in extreme cases, cardiac complications, which can be life-threatening. It's important for humans to avoid ingesting any part of the plant and to seek medical attention if exposure occurs.

    • To pets

      Scilla liliohyacinthus, known to pet owners as the Pyrenean squill, is also toxic to pets. Similar to its effects on humans, the consumption of any part of the Pyrenean squill plant can cause symptoms of toxicity in pets. These symptoms can include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and possibly more severe reactions like tremors, seizures, and cardiac abnormalities. If a pet ingests any part of the Pyrenean squill, it is crucial to contact a veterinarian immediately, as the ingestion can be potentially life-threatening, especially if not treated promptly.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6 inches (15 cm)

    • Spread

      3 inches (7.5 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Scilla liliohyacinthus, commonly known as Pyrenean Squill, adds aesthetic beauty to gardens with its striking blue to purple bell-shaped flowers during spring.
    • Low Maintenance: Pyrenean Squill requires minimal care once established, making it an ideal plant for hobbyist gardeners and landscapers.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The flowers of the Pyrenean Squill are attractive to bees and other pollinators, helping to support local ecosystems.
    • Drought Tolerance: Pyrenean Squill is relatively drought-tolerant, requiring less watering compared to other plants, which is beneficial in dry regions or during water restrictions.
    • Naturalizing: This plant spreads easily and can naturalize in suitable conditions, creating a beautiful ground cover over time without much intervention.
    • Deer and Rodent Resistance: Pyrenean Squill is usually not preferred by deer and rodents, reducing the risk of damage and the need for protective measures in the garden.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Scilla liliohyacinthus bulbs can serve as a natural pest deterrent; their scents and possibly toxic compounds can repel certain rodents and deer from gardens.
    • In some cultures, the blooms of the plant are used as a natural dye, providing a soft blue or purple hue to fabrics and textiles.
    • The plant, as part of a diverse garden, can help support the local ecosystem by providing nectar for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators during its flowering season.
    • Some enthusiasts use the plant in "fairy gardens" or miniature gardening due to its attractive and delicate-looking flowers that fit well in a whimsical setting.
    • Scilla liliohyacinthus is used in floral arrangements and as part of bridal bouquets to add a touch of blue and an early spring feeling to the composition.
    • The dried flowers of the plant may be used in potpourri to give a subtle fragrance to a room and as a decorative element in crafts or dried flower arrangements.
    • Plant fibers from Scilla liliohyacinthus may be incorporated into handmade papers, providing texture and a hint of color.
    • In landscape design, they are often used to create "rivers" or swaths of color when planted in large drifts among lawns or woodland settings.
    • Educational institutions may use Scilla liliohyacinthus to teach botany and horticulture students about bulb propagation and the growth patterns of perennials.
    • During Easter celebrations in some European countries, pots of Scilla liliohyacinthus may be given as gifts, symbolizing rebirth and the coming of spring.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Bluebell is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Bluebell is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Persistence: Scilla liliohyacinthus, commonly known as Pyrenean Squill, often symbolizes determination as it can push through the soil early in the season, persisting despite the lingering cold.
    • Hope: Its early bloom is also seen as a symbol of hope, representing the promise of spring and the return of life after the barren winter.
    • New Beginnings: Pyrenean Squill’s arrival in early spring is emblematic of new beginnings and fresh starts, mirroring nature’s cycle of renewal.
    • Constancy: The perennial nature of this plant, returning year after year, makes it a symbol of constancy and reliability.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-4 years
Spring to early summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Pyrenean squill should be watered sparingly, as overwatering can cause bulb rot. During the growing season, water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry, which might be approximately once a week, depending on environmental conditions. Use around 16 ounces of water per watering session to ensure the soil is evenly moistened but not soggy. During the dormant season, after the foliage has died back, reduce watering significantly and only give the plant enough water to prevent the soil from completely drying out, perhaps once every few weeks.

  • sunLight

    Pyrenean squill thrives best in partial shade conditions. The ideal spot for these plants would be under the dappled light of a tree canopy or on the east side of a building where they receive morning sunlight and afternoon shade. Avoid exposing them to strong, direct afternoon sun to prevent leaf scorch and stress on the plant.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Pyrenean squills are hardy to USDA zones 4 through 8, indicating they can tolerate a minimum temperature range from -30° to 10° Fahrenheit. Ideally, they prefer to grow in temperatures between 60° and 70° Fahrenheit. They can survive brief periods of higher temperatures, but prolonged exposure to temperatures above 80° Fahrenheit can be detrimental to their health.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning of Pyrenean squill is generally not required. If necessary, remove dead or yellowing leaves after flowering to maintain a tidy appearance. Deadhead spent flower stalks to divert the plant's energy back into bulb development. The best time to do any cleaning up of the plant is after the foliage has yellowed and died back, indicating the plant is entering dormancy.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Pyrenean Squill thrives in well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter. A mix of loam, peat, and sand is ideal, ensuring good aeration and drainage. Maintain a soil pH of around 6.0 to 7.5 for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Pyrenean Squill rarely needs repotting and typically prefers to be left undisturbed. It should be repotted only if it has outgrown its current container, which generally occurs every 3 to 4 years.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Pyrenean Squill prefers moderate humidity levels but is quite adaptable. The best humidity range for this plant is between 40% to 60%, avoiding excessively dry or damp conditions.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light and ensure moderate humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, in well-draining soil, and protect from harsh sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Scilla liliohyacinthus, commonly known as Pyrenean squill, starts its life cycle as a bulb, which is a dormant stage that allows it to survive unfavorable conditions. When the environment becomes suitable, typically in spring, it begins to sprout, sending up a shoot and leaves through the soil. The plant then enters a vegetative stage where it develops strap-shaped leaves that photosynthesize to provide energy for growth. Following the vegetative phase, the Pyrenean squill enters the reproductive stage, producing attractive blue to violet star-shaped flowers arranged on a spike, attracting pollinators for sexual reproduction. After pollination, the flowers develop into capsule-like fruits that release seeds once matured. These seeds may be dispersed to establish new plants, completing the life cycle, while the parent plant's bulb enters dormancy until the next favorable season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to early summer

    • Propogation: The most popular method of propagation for Scilla liliohyacinthus, commonly known as Pyrenean squill, is by dividing its bulbs. Propagation is ideally done in the autumn after the leaves have died back, as this is when the plant is dormant. To propagate by bulb division, carefully dig up the mature bulbs and gently separate any bulblets that have formed. These bulblets are essentially clones of the parent plant and can be replanted immediately. Plant them about 3 to 4 inches deep (approximately 7.5 to 10 centimeters) and around 3 inches apart (about 7.5 centimeters) in well-drained soil. Ensure that they are placed in a location with light shade to full sun, and water them in after planting to encourage root development. By the following spring, these bulblets should begin to grow and eventually flower, perpetuating the life cycle of the Pyrenean squill.