Roble beech Nothofagus obliqua

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
roble beech


The plant known as the Southern Beech is recognized for its attractive foliage and distinctive bark. The leaves of the Southern Beech are small and oval-shaped with toothed edges, displaying a shiny, green surface that turns to a variety of yellow, orange, or red hues in the autumn. These leaves are arranged alternately along the branches, creating a dense, lush canopy. The bark of the Southern Beech is another notable feature, often appearing smooth and gray when the tree is young, but as it matures, the bark becomes furrowed, developing deep grooves and a rough texture. In spring, the Southern Beech produces inconspicuous flowers, followed by small, triangular seed cases that carry the seeds. These cases add a subtle charm to the plant as they hang from the branches. The overall aesthetic of the Southern Beech is one of sturdiness and elegance, making it a favored species in its native habitat and beyond for its visual appeal throughout the seasons.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Roble, Roble Beech, Roble Pellín, Pelli, Coigue, Hualle.

    • Common names

      Fagus obliqua, Lophozonia obliqua.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as the Patagonian oak, has no well-documented reports of toxicity to humans. There is no widespread knowledge of the plant being poisonous or causing adverse health effects upon ingestion. Thus, it is not commonly recognized as a toxic plant to humans. However, as with any plant, individual allergies or sensitivities could potentially occur, and it is generally not recommended to ingest parts of plants that are not widely recognized as edible.

    • To pets

      The Patagonian oak, or Nothofagus obliqua, also has no known specific toxicity to pets such as dogs and cats. There is no prevalent information indicating that this plant would cause poisoning if pets were to ingest parts of it. Nonetheless, pet owners should still exercise caution and discourage their pets from eating plants that are not intended for consumption, as individual animals might have unique sensitivities or reactions. If a pet exhibits any signs of illness after ingesting plant material, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      65 feet (20 meters)

    • Spread

      50 feet (15 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      South America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ecosystem support – Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as the Roble beech, is a keystone species in its native habitat, supporting a diverse range of wildlife by providing food and shelter.
    • Timber production – The wood of the Roble beech is highly valued for its durability, strength, and attractive appearance, making it suitable for furniture, flooring, and construction.
    • Erosion control – The robust root system of Nothofagus obliqua helps stabilize soil and prevent erosion, especially in mountainous regions where it is native.
    • Carbon sequestration – As a large deciduous tree, the Roble beech plays a significant role in carbon capture and storage, thus contributing to the mitigation of climate change.
    • Aesthetic value – With its stately form and changing foliage, the Roble beech is often used in parks and large gardens for ornamental purposes, enhancing the landscape's visual appeal.
    • Habitat restoration – The species is used in reforestation and habitat restoration projects, aiding in the recovery of degraded ecosystems.
    • Cultural significance – In the regions where it is native, the Roble beech holds cultural importance and is often featured in folklore, offering a sense of identity and heritage.
    • Recreational use – Natural forests of Nothofagus obliqua provide recreational spaces for activities like hiking and wildlife watching, promoting a connection with nature and well-being.
    • Biodiversity conservation – By serving as a habitat for numerous other species, the Roble beech contributes to the conservation of biodiversity in its native ecosystems.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as the Roble beech, has wood that is often used for making furniture due to its attractive grain and good workability.
    • The Roble beech's timber can be utilized in the creation of musical instruments, offering tonal qualities appreciated in the construction of woodwinds and stringed instruments.
    • Durable and resistant, the wood of the Roble beech can be used for flooring, providing a hardwearing and long-lasting surface in homes and commercial spaces.
    • In boat building, the Roble beech's wood serves as an excellent material for constructing sturdy and water-resistant vessel components.
    • Because of the wood's resistance to decay, Nothofagus obliqua is suitable for outdoor construction projects, such as decking and landscaping elements.
    • The decorative veneers made from Roble beech can be applied to paneling, doors, and fine cabinetry, adding elegance and natural beauty to interior designs.
    • The tree's strong and straight trunks have been historically used as masts for sailing ships, highlighting its structural integrity.
    • Within artisan crafts, the Roble beech's wood can be sculpted into intricate carvings, artworks, and ornamental pieces.
    • In specialty paper production, the fibers from the Roble beech can be processed to create high-quality paper products, such as stationery or art paper.
    • The sawdust and wood chips from Nothofagus obliqua are sometimes used in smoking foods to impart a unique flavor to meats and cheeses.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as the Roble beech, is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Roble beech is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as the Roble beech, grows in tough environments and can withstand severe weather, symbolizing the ability to endure difficult conditions.
    • Endurance: The Roble beech's long lifespan is a testament to its enduring nature, representing longevity and the ability to persist through time.
    • Growth and Renewal: The tree's ability to regenerate after being damaged, with new shoots growing from the trunk, symbolizes new beginnings and the cycle of growth and renewal.
    • Strength: The hardwood of the Roble beech is known for its strength and durability, making it a symbol of stability and robust character.

Every 2-3 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Roble beech requires consistent moisture, but it is important not to overwater. Water the young trees once a week with about 2 gallons of water, slowly at the base to allow deep penetration into the soil. For mature trees, water with about 10 gallons every two weeks during dry periods. Ensure the soil is well-drained to prevent waterlogging. Adjust the watering schedule based on rainfall; less frequent watering is needed if there has been significant rain.

  • sunLight

    Roble beech thrives in full to partial sunlight. The best spot for maximizing growth and health is an area that receives several hours of direct sunlight per day, though it can tolerate some shade. Protect it from harsh afternoon sun if you live in an area with very hot summers.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Roble beech does well in a wide range of temperatures, from 20°F in the winter to around 95°F in the summer. The ideal temperature for this tree is between 60°F and 75°F. It's hardy and can tolerate a brief period of temperatures just below 20°F but should not be exposed to extreme cold for extended periods.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune the Roble beech in late winter or early spring before new growth begins for shaping and removing any damaged or dead branches. Thinning the crown every few years encourages better air circulation and light penetration. Pruning can also stimulate new growth and improve the overall health of the tree. The ideal time is when the tree is dormant, avoiding the sap-flow period in late spring.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Roble beech prefers a well-draining, acidic to neutral soil with a pH of 4.5 to 6.5. A mix containing peat moss, loamy soil, and perlite or sand will provide good aeration and moisture retention.

  • plantRepotting

    Repot the Roble beech every 2 to 3 years to ensure continuous growth and prevent root bound conditions, especially when it's young or growing in a container.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    The Roble beech thrives in moderate to high humidity levels, typically around 60% to 70%, to replicate its native forest environment.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Bright, indirect light, maintain humidity; not ideal for small spaces.

    • Outdoor

      Full sun to partial shade; protect from strong winds and harsh sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-10 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as the Patagonian oak or roble, begins its life cycle with seed germination, which typically occurs in moist, well-drained soil in the spring. After sprouting, the seedling grows rapidly, developing a stout taproot and establishing a strong shoot system. Juveniles are characterized by a period of rapid above-ground growth, during which they develop characteristic oblique, serrated leaves. As it matures into an adult tree, the Patagonian oak develops a broad, spreading canopy and begins to reproduce, producing small, inconspicuous flowers that are wind-pollinated. Following pollination, it produces small nuts housed within a cupule, which are dispersed primarily by gravity and potentially by animals. The mature Patagonian oak may reach several hundred years in age, during which it will contribute to forest dynamics through seed production, competition, and eventually, nutrient recycling upon its decay.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to summer

    • Propogation: The most popular method of propagating the Roble beech (Nothofagus obliqua) is by seed. The optimal time for sowing seeds is typically in the spring, after the threat of frost has passed. To propagate by seed, collect the seeds in the fall when they are ripe, and store them in a cool, dry place over the winter. Prior to planting, it is often recommended to stratify the seeds by mixing them with moist sand and refrigerating them at about 39 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) for approximately two to three months to break dormancy. When spring arrives, sow the stratified seeds in a well-draining soil mix, covering them lightly with soil. The seedlings require adequate moisture and should be protected from strong sunlight and wind. Seedling germination can be irregular, and it may take several years before the young trees are ready for transplanting.