Jerusalem Sage Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
sage-leaf mullein 'Amazone'


The Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone' commonly known as the Jerusalem Sage 'Amazone', is a striking perennial plant with a robust and upright habit. The stems of the 'Amazone' are square in cross-section and bear whorled clusters of hooded, vibrant pink to purple flowers, which bloom in tiers from the bottom up during late spring to early summer. Each individual bloom is tubular and lips-like, creating a distinct and decorative floral display. The leaves of the Jerusalem Sage 'Amazone' are equally impressive. They are large, heart-shaped to oval, and somewhat wrinkled with pronounced veining. The foliage color is a rich, deep green, providing a plush backdrop for the flowers. The textural contrast between the velvety leaves and the striking flowers makes this plant a captivating addition to any garden setting. Additionally, when in bloom, the plant is attractive to bees, birds, and butterflies, adding to its garden interest.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Amazone Jerusalem Sage, Balkan Clary, Hardy Jerusalem Sage

    • Common names

      Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The common name for Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone' is Jerusalem Sage. While there is not a lot of detailed information on the toxicity of Jerusalem Sage to humans, it is generally not considered highly toxic. Most documentation suggests that if ingested, it could potentially cause mild stomach upset, but significant toxic effects are uncommon. As with many plants, individuals with sensitive skin may also experience irritation from handling the plant due to contact with plant sap. Ingestion of large amounts of the plant could potentially lead to more severe gastrointestinal symptoms, but such instances appear to be rare. It is always best to avoid ingesting parts of ornamental plants because of the potential for adverse reactions.

    • To pets

      The common name for Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone' is Jerusalem Sage. This plant is not commonly listed as toxic to pets such as dogs and cats. However, it is still possible for pets to experience mild gastrointestinal discomfort if they ingest part of the plant, including symptoms like vomiting or diarrhea. While severe toxicity is uncommon, it is still prudent to prevent pets from eating ornamental plants to avoid any potential health issues. If a pet does consume Jerusalem Sage and experiences negative reactions, consulting a veterinarian is recommended.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-4 feet (0.9-1.2 meters)

    • Spread

      2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Attracts Pollinators: Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone', commonly known as Jerusalem Sage, is known for attracting bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects to the garden.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, the Jerusalem Sage has good drought tolerance, making it suitable for xeriscaping and low-water gardens.
    • Deer Resistance: The plant is generally resistant to deer, making it an excellent choice for gardens in areas with a high deer population.
    • Architectural Structure: With its tall stems and whorled flowers, Jerusalem Sage adds a strong vertical element to garden design.
    • Long Blooming Period: It has a long flowering season, typically from early to mid-summer, providing sustained color in the landscape.
    • Low Maintenance: Jerusalem Sage is known for being low maintenance, requiring minimal care once it is established in the proper conditions.
    • Winter Interest: The seed heads can be left on the plant over winter, giving the garden structure and interest even in the colder months.
    • Perennial Plant: As a perennial, it will return year after year, which can be cost-effective and reduce the need for yearly replanting.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone', known as Jerusalem Sage, can be used as a natural insect repellent when its leaves are crushed and rubbed onto the skin, due to the aromatic oils it contains.
    • The fibrous stems of Jerusalem Sage can be dried and used in weavings or as a natural tie in garden applications, aiding in supporting other plants or creating rustic crafts.
    • The plant's tall and sturdy flower stalks may be used as natural stakes for supporting other, more delicate plants in a garden setting.
    • Jerusalem Sage can be planted as part of a wildlife-friendly garden, as it provides nectar for bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.
    • The dried flower stalks and seed heads of Jerusalem Sage offer a structural element in dried floral arrangements or can be used in the creation of potpourris.
    • The leaves of Jerusalem Sage can be infused into oils or waxes to create scented candles or natural air fresheners, leveraging its unique aromatic properties.
    • The plant's presence can be utilized as a living mulch, as its dense foliage shades the soil, helping retain moisture and suppress weeds.
    • Jerusalem Sage can be used in natural dye production, where different parts of the plant yield varying shades of yellow, green, or brown on fabrics and yarns.
    • Its striking appearance and height make Jerusalem Sage ideal as a focal point in garden design, providing both height contrast and visual interest.
    • The robust root system of Jerusalem Sage helps in soil stabilization and can be planted on slopes to prevent erosion.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Phlomis is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Phlomis is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: The Phlomis genus is known for its hardy nature, suggesting the ability to withstand difficult conditions. The 'Amazone' variety shares this trait, symbolizing resilience and perseverance.
    • Protectiveness: With its sturdy stems and whorls of hooded flowers, Phlomis 'Amazone', also known as Jerusalem Sage, is often thought to offer a protective quality, making it symbolic of shelter and safety.
    • Longevity: Phlomis 'Amazone' has a long blooming period and is a perennial, representing long-lasting life and endurance over time.
    • Healing: Historically, some species of Phlomis have been used in traditional medicine. This links the plant to themes of healing and restoration.
    • Attraction: With its bold, towering spires of purple-pink flowers, Phlomis 'Amazone' is often associated with attraction and the power to draw attention.
    • Uniqueness: The 'Amazone' variety, with its distinctive flowers and growth habit, stands out from other garden plants. It symbolizes uniqueness and the celebration of individuality.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Amazonian Sage prefers even moisture during its growing season but is quite drought-tolerant once established. Water young plants regularly, aiming for about 1 gallon per week, depending on weather conditions. Mature Amazonian Sages will require less frequent watering, and care should be taken not to overwater as this can lead to root rot. During the winter, reduce watering significantly as the plant goes dormant, only ensuring the soil doesn't completely dry out. Soil should be moist but not waterlogged.

  • sunLight

    Amazonian Sage thrives best in full sun to partial shade conditions. It prefers a spot that receives at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight daily. However, in extremely hot climates, some afternoon shade will be beneficial to prevent sun scorch.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Amazonian Sage is hardy and can withstand a range of temperatures, but it performs best when the temperature is between 60°F and 75°F. It can survive minimum temperatures down to around 10°F, but growth will be best outside of frost conditions.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune Amazonian Sage to maintain shape and encourage bushier growth, typically in early spring before the new growth starts. Remove any dead or damaged stems to promote healthy growth and air circulation within the plant. Pruning can be done again after flowering to tidy the appearance and discourage self-seeding if desired.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone', commonly known as Balkan clary, thrives best in well-draining soil with abundant organic matter. A blend of garden soil, compost, and perlite or sand to ensure drainage will suit this plant. It prefers a neutral to slightly alkaline pH, between 6.5 to 7.5.

  • plantRepotting

    Balkan clary is not commonly grown as a houseplant and therefore typically doesn't require repotting. In a garden setting, dividing the tubers every few years to manage its spread is recommended instead of regular repotting.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Balkan clary is a hardy plant that is well-adapted to outdoor conditions and does not require specific humidity levels. It typically does well in the ambient humidity found in most temperate gardens without the need for additional humidity.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright indirect light, good air circulation.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun to part shade, in well-draining soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone', commonly known as Jerusalem Sage 'Amazone', begins its life cycle as a seed, which germinates in favorable conditions of moisture and temperature. Upon germination, the plant develops its first roots and shoots, entering the seedling stage where it establishes a basic structure of leaves for photosynthesis. As it matures, Jerusalem Sage 'Amazone' enters the vegetative stage, during which it forms a robust clump of upright, square stems with wrinkled, heart-shaped leaves. During the flowering stage, typically from late spring to early summer, it produces tall spikes crowned with whorls of tubular, mauve, pink or purple flowers that are attractive to pollinators such as bees and butterflies. After pollination, seeds develop and are eventually dispersed, completing the reproductive cycle. Finally, in the post-reproductive stage, the plant may die back in areas with colder winters, to re-emerge from its tuberous root system with the onset of warmer spring temperatures.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone', commonly referred to as Jerusalem Sage, is typically propagated by division. The best time for this is either in early spring before the new growth begins or in the fall when the plant's growth slows down. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the entire plant, making sure to keep a generous amount of soil around the roots. Gently separate the plant into smaller sections, each with several shoots and a healthy root system. Replant each division at the same depth it was growing at before and water thoroughly. Divisions should be spaced about 18 inches (approximately 45 centimeters) apart to allow for ample growth. This method is favored for its simplicity and effectiveness in producing true-to-type clones of the parent plant.