Serviceberry Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Ballerina'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
serviceberry 'Ballerina'


Commonly known as the 'Ballerina' serviceberry, this plant is a beautiful deciduous hybrid known for its attractive features throughout the seasons. During the spring, it is adorned with a breathtaking display of large white flowers that emerge before the foliage. These blossoms are star-shaped, creating a delicate and elegant appearance, and they often attract various pollinators, adding a bustling vibrancy to the scene. As the flowers fade, the 'Ballerina' serviceberry brings forth new leaves that start with a coppery color, turning into a luscious green as they mature. The foliage is oblong with finely serrated edges, providing a soft texture to the landscape. This lush backdrop is perfect for the small, round berries that succeed the flowers. The berries are initially a deep red tone, maturing to a rich, dark purple or black and are beloved by birds and other wildlife. In the fall, the 'Ballerina' serviceberry doesn't disappoint as it showcases a stunning display of autumn colors. The leaves transition into a palette of orange, red, and yellow, creating a warm and eye-catching feature in any garden or landscaped area. The overall form of the plant is upright with a spreading habit, giving it a graceful and poised look, much like a dancer, which the name 'Ballerina' aptly suggests. The bark on the mature branches and trunk has a smooth texture, with a grayish-brown color that provides a calm and neutral contrast to the brighter colors displayed throughout the various seasons.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Apple Serviceberry, Ballerina Serviceberry

    • Common names

      Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Ballerina'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Serviceberry 'Ballerina' is not known to be toxic to humans. In fact, serviceberries are often edible and enjoyed in various culinary dishes. There are typically no adverse reactions from consuming the fruit of serviceberries when eaten in normal food amounts.

    • To pets

      The Serviceberry 'Ballerina' is generally not considered toxic to pets. The fruit is edible, and there are no common reports of poisoning in pets from consuming serviceberry fruit. As with any non-toxic plants, overconsumption could potentially cause gastrointestinal upset, but this is not due to toxicity.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      15-25 feet (4.5-7.6 meters)

    • Spread

      15 feet (4.5 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: The 'Ballerina' variety of Serviceberry is admired for its striking white flowers in spring, which add aesthetic value to gardens and landscapes.
    • Attracts Wildlife: Serviceberry trees are known to attract birds and pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, providing a habitat and food source for them.
    • Seasonal Interest: Serviceberry offers year-round interest with its spring blooms, summer fruits, autumn foliage color, and winter branch structure.
    • Edible Fruit: Produces small, sweet, edible berries that can be consumed fresh, in jams, or baked goods, providing a homegrown food source.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, Serviceberry 'Ballerina' is relatively drought tolerant, requiring minimal watering under normal conditions.
    • Compact Growth: The 'Ballerina' Serviceberry is a compact plant, making it suitable for smaller gardens or as a feature in larger landscapes.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal pruning and care once established, making it a convenient choice for gardeners of all skill levels.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Wildlife Habitat: Serviceberry 'Ballerina' can provide a natural habitat for birds and beneficial insects, offering them a source of shelter and nutritious berries.
    • Natural Dye: The bark and berries of the Serviceberry can be used to produce natural dyes for fabric and yarn.
    • Photography: Its striking white flowers and vivid fall foliage make Serviceberry 'Ballerina' a popular subject for nature and landscape photography.
    • Woodworking: Though not commonly used, the wood from Serviceberry 'Ballerina' can be used for small woodworking projects, as it is hard and fine-grained.
    • Educational Tool: The plant can be used in educational settings to teach botany and the importance of native plants in local ecosystems.
    • Winter Interest: The tree's structure and the persistence of its dried berries can add visual interest to a winter garden landscape.
    • Bonsai: Serviceberry 'Ballerina' can be grown as a bonsai, offering a unique challenge to enthusiasts of this miniature art form.
    • Erosion Control: This plant's root system can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes or banks.
    • Cultural Significance: In some areas, the Serviceberry has traditional significance and may be used in cultural ceremonies or storytelling.
    • Landscape Design: Serviceberry 'Ballerina' can be utilized in landscape design to create natural borders or as a focal point in garden arrangements.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Serviceberry is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Serviceberry is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Renewal: Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Ballerina', commonly known as the Apple Serviceberry, often blooms in early spring, symbolizing the renewal and rebirth that the season brings.
    • Purity: The delicate white flowers of the Apple Serviceberry represent purity and innocence.
    • New Beginnings: As a plant that is one of the first to flower in the year, it is often associated with new beginnings and the start of new ventures.
    • Hope: The early flowering can also symbolize hope, as it brings the promise of spring after the long winter months.
    • Provision: The fruit of the Apple Serviceberry, resembling tiny apples, symbolizes provision and nourishment, as the berries are edible and can be used in various culinary applications.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not needed
Spring to early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Serviceberry 'Ballerina' requires regular watering, especially during its first growing season to establish a deep root system. Once established, it's more drought-tolerant and needs less frequent watering. Generally, you should provide about 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or manual watering. During hot or dry periods, increase the watering to twice a week. Use a soaker hose or drip irrigation to apply the water directly to the base of the plant to minimize water wastage and prevent leaf diseases that can be caused by overhead watering. In the absence of rain, a weekly deep watering with gallons of water, depending on the size of the plant, is preferable to frequent light waterings which do not reach the deeper roots.

  • sunLight

    Serviceberry 'Ballerina' thrives best in full sun to part shade. It should receive at least four to six hours of direct sunlight daily. An ideal spot would be where it's exposed to morning sun and afternoon shade, or where it gets dappled sunlight throughout the day. Avoid deep shade locations as this can affect its blooming and overall vigor.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Serviceberry 'Ballerina' is quite hardy and can tolerate a range of temperatures, typically surviving winters in zones 4 through 9. It can endure minimum winter temperatures down to -20 to -30 degrees Fahrenheit. While it prefers a moderate temperature range, it grows well in summer conditions up to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal growing temperatures for Serviceberry 'Ballerina' are between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • scissorsPruning

    Serviceberry 'Ballerina' should be pruned to maintain its shape and remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Pruning is best done in late winter or early spring before the new growth starts. Thinning out crowded branches will allow light and air to penetrate the plant, which helps to reduce the risk of diseases. Pruning can also be done immediately after flowering to shape the plant if necessary.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    The serviceberry 'Ballerina' thrives in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter, with an ideal soil pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. A best soil mix could be a combination of garden soil, compost, peat moss, and a bit of sand to improve drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Serviceberry 'Ballerina' is not typically grown in containers and does not require frequent repotting. If grown in a pot, repot it every few years as it outgrows the container or the soil becomes depleted.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Serviceberry 'Ballerina' tolerates a wide range of humidity levels and is generally adaptable to the humidity present in most garden environments without the need for modification.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Not ideal for indoors; requires full sun and ample room to grow.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sun to partial shade, in moist, well-drained soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Ballerina', commonly known as the Apple Serviceberry, begins its life cycle as a seed that may arise from cross-pollination facilitated by bees and other pollinators. Upon germination, the seedling emerges and develops into a young plant with a basic root system and foliage. As the plant enters the juvenile phase, it experiences a period of rapid growth where it establishes a more extensive root system and branches out. Reaching maturity, the Serviceberry 'Ballerina' begins to flower typically in early spring, showcasing white, star-shaped flowers that attract pollinators and often result in decorative, small pome fruits by late summer or early autumn. The plant then enters a dormancy period in winter, where growth slows and the plant conserves energy, before resuming its growth cycle the following spring. Throughout its life, which can span several decades, the Serviceberry 'Ballerina' will experience these annual cycles of growth, flowering, fruiting, and dormancy.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to early summer

    • The Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Ballerina', commonly known as the Apple Serviceberry, is typically propagated through softwood cuttings. This method is most effective when performed in the late spring or early summer when the plant's new growth is still flexible and not yet fully matured. To propagate by cuttings, a gardener should select a healthy branch, cut a 4 to 6-inch (10-15 cm) piece containing at least two pairs of leaves, and then remove the leaves from the lower half of the cutting. The cut end may be dipped into a rooting hormone to enhance root development before being planted into a moist potting mix. The cutting should be placed in indirect light and kept consistently moist until roots have developed, which typically takes several weeks. Once rooted, the young plants can eventually be transplanted outdoors to grow on into mature Serviceberry 'Ballerina' shrubs.