Silver tree Leucadendron argenteum

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
silver tree
silver tree
silver tree
silver tree
silver tree
silver tree


The plant known most commonly as the Silver Tree has a striking and unmistakable appearance with its luminous, silvery foliage. It is admired for its long, narrow leaves which are covered with a dense layer of silky hairs that give them a shimmering silver-white sheen. This characteristic is particularly dazzling when the leaves flutter in the wind and the sunlight catches their metallic luster, creating a spectacular display of natural splendor. Aside from its famed foliage, during its blooming season, the Silver Tree bears conspicuous yellow flowers that add a contrasting pop of color against the cool tones of its leaves. These flowers are organized in dense, cone-shaped clusters at the end of the branches, and they are frequently visited by birds and insects that are attracted to their nectar. After the blooming period, the plant forms woody, cone-like fruits that contain the seeds. Overall, the Silver Tree presents a captivating and elegant visual with its gleaming leaves and vibrant flowers, making it a prized specimen in gardens where it is grown for its ornamental value.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Silver Tree, Silver Leaf Protea, Silwerboom

    • Common names

      Leucadendron argenteum.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Silver tree is not commonly known for its toxicity to humans. There is no significant evidence to suggest that Leucadendron argenteum is poisonous if ingested. Therefore, it is not typically associated with poisoning symptoms or adverse consequences from ingestion. However, as with any non-food plant, it is advisable to avoid eating any part of it as it hasn't been established for human consumption.

    • To pets

      The Silver tree is not commonly known for its toxicity to pets. It is not typically listed as a poisonous plant for animals such as dogs and cats. Lack of information on toxicity suggests that there are no significant records of poisoning symptoms or severe consequences from ingestion by pets. However, caution should be exercised, and it's always best to prevent pets from ingesting plants not meant for their consumption.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      5-10 feet (1.5-3 meters)

    • Spread

      6-10 feet (1.8-3 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      South Africa


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Appeal: Its striking silvery foliage and conical flowers add a unique aesthetic to gardens and landscapes.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, the Silver Tree is highly tolerant of dry conditions and requires minimal water, making it suitable for xeriscaping.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Provides shelter and food for local wildlife such as birds, particularly nectar feeders due to its flowers.
    • Low Maintenance: The Silver Tree doesn't require frequent pruning or fertilizing, making it easy to care for in the appropriate climate.
    • Windbreak: Can be used in coastal areas to provide a natural barrier against strong winds.
    • Erosion Control: The root system helps stabilize the soil, preventing erosion on inclines and slopes.
    • Seasonal Interest: Its changing appearance throughout the seasons—from vibrant green to a more subdued silver—offers year-round visual interest.
    • Cultural Significance: It holds a valued place in South African culture and horticulture, being indigenous to the region of the Cape Town area.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The Silver Tree's bark can be used for tanning leather due to its tannin content, providing a natural and traditional method of processing animal hides.
    • Dried leaves of the Silver Tree are utilized in potpourri mixtures for their silver sheen and texture, adding a unique visual element to the blend.
    • Wood from the Silver Tree can be used for fine carpentry or turned into ornamental objects due to its workability and attractive grain pattern.
    • The distinctive foliage of the Silver Tree makes it popular in the floristry industry, particularly for wedding bouquets and centerpieces, due to its elegance and color.
    • The Silver Tree provides habitat and food for endemic bird species like the Cape Sugarbird and the Orange-breasted Sunbird, promoting biodiversity in its natural habitat.
    • Used as an educational tool in botanical gardens, the Silver Tree aids in teaching about fire ecology since it is a fire-adapted species needing fire for its seeds to germinate.
    • As a natural insect repellent, the Silver Tree's foliage is said to deter certain insects when placed among linen or clothing storage areas.
    • The image of the Silver Tree has been used in art and photography, often as a symbol of the unique flora of the Cape region of South Africa.
    • Seeds of the Silver Tree are sometimes used in jewelry making for their unique shape and as a representation of South African natural heritage.
    • The striking appearance of the Silver Tree is often incorporated into landscape design as an ornamental feature in gardens, especially in regions with Mediterranean climates.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Silver tree is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Silver tree is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: Leucadendron argenteum, also known as the Silver Tree, is native to South Africa and thrives in tough, mountainous environments. It symbolizes the ability to weather challenges and remain steadfast.
    • Endurance: The Silver Tree has adapted to its harsh natural habitat, representing one's capacity to endure hard circumstances and persevere.
    • Rarity: As a plant that's rare and endemic to a specific region, the Silver Tree signifies uniqueness and the value of rare beauty in life.
    • Change and Transition: Due to its changing appearance over the seasons, this plant is often associated with the ability to adapt to change and the cycles of life.
    • Purity: The silvery-white leaves of the Silver Tree may symbolize purity and a clear path, much like its striking color stands out in the landscape.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Silver Tree or Leucadendron argenteum should be watered sparingly; it is drought-tolerant once established. During the growing season, water deeply once a week with about 1-2 gallons, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. In winter, reduce watering to once every two to three weeks depending on the climate and weather conditions. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so ensure that the plant is in well-draining soil. The amount may need to be adjusted depending on the rainfall and temperature.

  • sunLight

    The Silver Tree thrives in full sun conditions, ideally receiving at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. It should be placed in a spot where it can receive unfiltered sunlight throughout the day. Avoid shaded areas as insufficient light can affect the plant's growth and foliage color.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Silver Tree prefers temperate climates with temperatures ranging between 50 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It can tolerate minimum temperatures down to about 20 degrees Fahrenheit but may suffer damage below this point. Protect the plant from frost and extreme cold by providing shelter or using frost cloths.

  • scissorsPruning

    The Silver Tree requires minimal pruning, mostly for shaping and removal of dead or damaged branches. The best time to prune is after the flowering season in late winter or early spring. Pruning too often or too much can harm the plant, so it's recommended to do so sparingly, only when necessary.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Silver tree thrives in well-draining acidic to neutral soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. A mix of 2 parts peat moss to 1 part perlite and 1 part sand is ideal.

  • plantRepotting

    Silver trees should be repotted every 2-3 years to prevent root-bound conditions and replenish soil nutrients.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Silver tree prefers moderate humidity levels around 40-60%, avoiding overly humid conditions to prevent fungal diseases.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Silver Tree in a bright spot with indirect light and good airflow.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sunny area with well-draining soil; protect from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      9-11 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Leucadendron argenteum, commonly known as Silver tree, begins its life cycle as a seed, which requires well-drained soil and sometimes fire or smoke to trigger germination. Once germinated, the seedling establishes its root system and grows into a juvenile plant, characterized by rapid vegetative growth and the development of its iconic silvery foliage. As it matures, the Silver tree enters a reproductive phase, developing separate male and female cone-like inflorescences on different plants due to its dioecious nature. Following pollination, which is often aided by wind, female cones develop seeds that are protected by woody bracts. The plant reaches full maturity in several years and can live up to 20 years, during which it will undergo several flowering and seeding cycles, mostly in alignment with seasonal changes. After its productive life cycle, the Silver tree eventually senesces, and the death of the plant can contribute to the nutrient cycle in the ecosystem while the seeds ensure the continuation of the species.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The Silver Tree, Leucadendron argenteum, is typically propagated from seed, which is among the most popular methods. The best time for sowing the seeds is in the fall, which corresponds to the late summer to autumn period in its native habitat, South Africa. The seeds should first be soaked in warm water for about 24 hours to soften the hard seed coat and promote germination. After soaking, the seeds are sown in a well-draining medium, approximately a quarter-inch deep, and kept moist and warm, around 70°F (21°C). Germination usually takes place within 1 to 2 months, but can be inconsistent and may require patience. Once seedlings are strong enough, they can be transplanted into individual pots and later to their final growing position, making sure they have full sunlight and well-drained soil to thrive.