Sneezeweed Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne'

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
sneezeweed 'Baudirektor Linne'


Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne', commonly known as sneezeweed, is characterized by its daisy-like flower heads which bloom prolifically in late summer to fall. The flowers are a vibrant coppery red, with petals that radiate around a central cone. The petals often have a distinctive yellow edge and are slightly reflexed, curling down away from the cone to create a unique appearance. The central cone itself is a prominent brown or deep yellow and is quite puffy and round, drawing the eye. The plant's foliage is composed of lance-shaped leaves that are deep green, adding a lush backdrop to the striking flowers. Sneezeweed is often found swaying gently in the breeze, with its flowers attracting a variety of pollinators, including butterflies and bees. It adds a splash of late-season color to gardens, with its warm tones and cheerful blooms. The overall look of the Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne' is one of rustic charm and endearing vibrancy, making it a beloved favorite for fall garden displays.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Sneezeweed, Helen's Flower

    • Common names

      Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Sneezeweed, the common name for Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne', is not highly toxic to humans, but it can cause mild irritation. If ingested, the plant may cause gastrointestinal disturbances such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Handling the plant might also provoke skin reactions in sensitive individuals due to the presence of sesquiterpene lactones, which are allergens. It's always recommended to wear gloves when handling plants that can cause irritation and to avoid ingesting parts of ornamental plants.

    • To pets

      For pets, Sneezeweed can be poisonous if ingested, as it is for humans. The main symptoms to watch for in pets, such as dogs and cats, after ingestion include drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe cases, ingestion could lead to more serious symptoms such as lethargy or a marked decrease in appetite. As with humans, exposure to the plant can sometimes cause skin irritation in pets. Pet owners should discourage their animals from eating or chewing on this plant and seek veterinary attention if significant quantities have been ingested.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-5 feet (0.91-1.52 meters)

    • Spread

      2-3 feet (0.61-0.91 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Attracts pollinators: Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne' is known for attracting bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects to your garden.
    • Long blooming period: This variant typically has a lengthy bloom time, providing ongoing color from midsummer to fall.
    • Low maintenance: Once established, it requires minimal care and is relatively drought-tolerant.
    • Disease resistance: The plant is generally resistant to common garden pests and diseases.
    • Versatile garden use: It can be used for borders, wildflower meadows, or as cut flowers for indoor arrangements.
    • Erosion control: The robust root system helps stabilize soil and prevent erosion.
    • Tolerates poor soil: This helenium can flourish in less ideal soil conditions, including clay soils.
    • Provides seasonal interest: Besides the attractive blooms, the plant's foliage and seed heads add visual interest even after the flowering period.
    • Color variety: It adds a splash of color with its vibrant flowers, enhancing the aesthetic of any garden space.
    • Cultural significance: The plant has ties to North American prairie planting and European garden design, bringing an element of authenticity to naturalistic landscaping.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Helenium, commonly known as sneezeweed, can serve as a natural dye. The flowers and leaves are used to create yellow and orange dyes for fabrics and other materials.
    • The tall and sturdy stems of sneezeweed can be used to create supports or stakes for other plants in the garden, providing a natural look to the garden design.
    • Dried sneezeweed flowers can be incorporated into potpourri mixes to add color and bulk, without any emphasis on scent, as they do not retain a strong fragrance when dried.
    • When planting in a mass, sneezeweed can function as a groundcover, reducing soil erosion and competing with weeds due to its dense growth habit.
    • Sneezeweed blossoms can be used in art projects and flower pressing, as their distinct form and color add an interesting visual element to pressed flower art.
    • The plant can be used in environmental education programs as an example of a native plant that supports local wildlife, such as bees and butterflies.
    • In fall-themed decorations, the flowers of sneezeweed can add a seasonal touch to wreaths and arrangements with their autumnal hues.
    • Children’s gardens can use sneezeweed as a non-toxic plant option for engaging kids in gardening and learning about native plants and pollinators.
    • Photographers may use sneezeweed as a subject for macro and nature photography, highlighting the intricate patterns and colors of the flowers.
    • Landscapers can utilize sneezeweed in rain gardens or wetland restoration projects, as it is tolerant of wet conditions and can contribute to a healthy ecosystem.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Sneezeweed is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Sneezeweed is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Healing: The plant's association with Helen of Troy, after whom it is named, symbolizes restoration and the return to wellness since it's believed to have sprung from her tears.
    • Protection: Helenium is also said to possess protective qualities, warding off evil spirits and negativity, which is rooted in its historical use in creating protective garlands.
    • Sorrow: In line with the mythology of Helen of Troy, this plant can symbolize sorrow and tears, indicating loss or grief.
    • Persistence: The sturdy nature of the Sneezeweed reflects persistence and the ability to withstand varied conditions, much like its ability to survive in different soil types.
    • Overcoming obstacles: Given its robust growth and tendency to spread, the Sneezeweed can also symbolize the overcoming of obstacles and the tenacity to flourish in the face of adversity.

Every 2-3 days
10000 - 20000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Late summer to autumn
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Sneezeweed should be watered deeply and regularly, especially during dry periods, to maintain moist but not waterlogged soil. Initially, water the plant at least once a week, providing about 1 to 1.5 inches of water each time, which translates to about 0.6 to 0.9 gallons for a medium-sized plant. Adjust the frequency according to weather conditions, watering more frequently during hot, dry spells, and less during cooler, rainy periods. It's best to water early in the morning to reduce evaporation and allow the foliage to dry out during the day, which helps prevent disease.

  • sunLight

    Sneezeweed thrives in full sunlight, so it's crucial to plant it in a spot where it will receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. However, it can tolerate partial shade, though too much shade can lead to weak growth and fewer blooms. Choose a location that is open and receives ample sunlight throughout the day for best growth and flowering results.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Sneezeweed is a hardy plant that can withstand a wide range of temperatures, surviving minimum temperatures down to around -20°F and thriving in areas with temperatures up to 85°F. Ideal growing conditions for Sneezeweed are between 50°F and 75°F. While the plant is cold hardy, it also appreciates warmer temperatures during the growing season and should be protected from extreme cold by mulching around the base in winter.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Sneezeweed is important for maintaining plant health and encouraging bushier growth and more blooms. Deadhead faded flowers regularly to promote continuous blooming. In late winter or early spring before new growth begins, cut back the entire plant to about 6 inches above the ground to promote vigorous new growth and prevent legginess. If desired, a mid-season trim can be given to delay flowering and reduce plant height.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Sneezeweed prefers fertile, well-drained soil with consistent moisture. A mix of loam, compost, and a small amount of sand or perlite can provide the ideal texture and nutrients. The pH should be slightly acidic to neutral, around 5.5 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Sneezeweed doesn't require frequent repotting and is commonly planted outdoors. If grown in containers, repot every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and provide space for growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Sneezeweed is not overly sensitive to humidity levels; average outdoor humidity is suitable as it is typically grown outside where it can tolerate a range of humidity conditions.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Not ideal indoors, needs full sun and large space to thrive.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, fertile, moist, well-drained soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA.

  • circleLife cycle

    The sneezeweed 'Baudirektor Linne' begins its life cycle when seeds are sown in the soil, generally in late winter or early spring. The seed germinates when soil temperatures and moisture levels are favourable, leading to the emergence of seedlings. These seedlings develop into juvenile plants with characteristic foliage, gradually forming a robust root system. As the plant enters its mature phase, usually in late summer to early autumn, it produces distinctive yellow to orange-red flower heads with a prominent central disk, attracting pollinators. After pollination, the flowers produce seeds which when mature, disperse to generate new plants or drop to the soil to reseed themselves. The plant goes dormant in winter, particularly in colder climates, where the above-ground parts may die back, to later regrow from the perennial rootstock when conditions improve in spring.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late summer to autumn

    • Propogation: The most popular method for propagating the Sneezeweed 'Baudirektor Linne' is by division, which is best done in the spring as new growth appears. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the entire plant, making sure to keep a substantial amount of the root ball intact. Using a sharp spade or knife, cut the plant into smaller sections, ensuring that each section has at least a couple of shoots and a portion of the root system. Replant the divisions promptly in well-prepared soil, spacing them around 18 inches (approximately 45 centimeters) apart to allow for ample growth. Water the new plants thoroughly and maintain consistent moisture until they are established and show signs of new growth.