Spindle tree 'Green Spire' Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire'

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care


'Green Spire'small-bushy upright evergreen shrub with dense dark glossy green foliage.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Japanese Spindle, Evergreen Spindle, Japanese Euonymus

    • Common names

      Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire'.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      6 feet (1.8 meters)

    • Spread

      2 feet (0.6 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Appeal: Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' is known for its attractive, glossy, evergreen leaves and compact, upright growth habit, making it a popular choice for ornamental planting.
    • Low Maintenance: This plant is relatively low maintenance, requiring minimal care once established, making it ideal for busy gardeners or those looking for easy landscaping options.
    • Versatility: It can be used in a variety of landscape situations, including as a hedge, screen, or specimen plant, offering flexibility in garden design.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, it is quite drought-tolerant, making it suitable for regions with water restrictions or for gardeners wishing to conserve water.
    • Pest Resistance: Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' is resistant to many common pests, reducing the need for chemical treatments and maintenance.
    • Shade Tolerance: It can grow in a range of light conditions, from full sun to partial shade, making it a versatile choice for different garden locations.
    • Formal Appearance: Its neat, columnar shape is ideal for formal gardens and can provide structure to garden beds or pathways.
    • Evergreen Foliage: It retains its foliage year-round, providing constant color and texture in the garden even in winter months.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Euonymus Green Spire is often used to create living fences or privacy screens due to its dense foliage and upright growth habit, which provides a natural barrier without the need for building materials.
    • Topiary enthusiasts may use Green Spire as a canvas for their art, sculpting the shrub into various shapes and forms given its amenability to pruning.
    • This plant can serve as a focal point in garden designs, especially in formal gardens, where its columnar form can be used to create symmetrical compositions.
    • Small leaves and dense growth make Green Spire suitable for bonsai, allowing enthusiasts to train and maintain it in miniature form.
    • In coastal areas, Green Spire is often planted as a windbreak to protect other plants, due to its tolerance to sea spray and wind.
    • Green Spire may be used in noise reduction landscaping strategies along roadways or between properties to act as a sound buffer.
    • The plant's sturdy nature allows it to be used in erosion control on slopes or banks, anchoring the soil with its root system.
    • Gardeners might use Green Spire as a backdrop for flowering plants, its evergreen leaves providing a year-round contrast to seasonal blooms.
    • Due to its uniformity and formal appearance, Green Spire is favored in maze and pathway bordering within garden layouts.
    • The shrub's resistance to urban pollution makes it a suitable choice for city landscape design, where it can enhance green spaces despite challenging conditions.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Japanese Spindle is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Japanese Spindle is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Longevity and Fidelity: The Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire', commonly known as Japanese Spindle, is often associated with longevity due to its hardy nature and the ability to thrive for many years.
    • Stability and Durability: This plant symbolizes strength and resilience, much like a spire that stands tall and steadfast, as it can withstand harsh conditions and maintain its evergreen foliage throughout the seasons.
    • Protection: In some cultures, the Japanese Spindle might be considered protective, as its dense growth habit can provide an excellent natural barrier or hedge, offering privacy and security.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-5 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Japanese Spindle or Green Spire should be watered thoroughly once the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch, which typically means watering about once every 7-10 days. The amount of water needed can vary, but generally, a gallon every week for outdoor plants and slightly less for indoor plants is sufficient. During the growing season in spring and summer, they may require more frequent watering, and less in the winter months when the plant's growth slows down. It's important to water slowly, directly onto the soil to allow the water to reach the roots evenly without causing runoff.

  • sunLight

    Japanese Spindle prefers a location with partial to full sun exposure. An ideal spot would have morning sun and some afternoon shade or filtered light to protect it from the intense midday sun. Indoor plants should be placed near an east or south-facing window where they can receive bright, indirect light for the majority of the day.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Japanese Spindle thrives best in a temperature range between 50°F and 80°F. This plant can tolerate a minimum temperature down to about 10°F but should be protected from severe cold. The ideal conditions are moderate and stable temperatures without drastic fluctuations.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Japanese Spindle helps maintain its shape, promote denser foliage, and remove any dead or diseased branches. It should be pruned in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. Pruning can be done annually, as needed, to keep the desired shape and size. Occasional thinning of the interior branches may also be beneficial to allow light and air to penetrate the canopy, which can improve the plant's health.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' prefers well-drained soil with a mix of two parts peat, one part perlite, and one part pine bark. The optimal soil pH should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.5.

  • plantRepotting

    Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' should be repotted every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth. Choose a slightly larger pot and repot in spring or early summer.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' thrives in moderate humidity levels, ideally between 40-60%. It can tolerate lower humidity, but consistent levels help maintain plant health.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' in bright, indirect light indoors with moderate humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Plant Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire' in partial shade to full sun, sheltered from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      6-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire', also known as Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire', begins its life as a seed, which germinates to produce a small seedling. The seedling, given appropriate light and moisture conditions, grows into a young plant with a basic structure of roots, stem, and leaves. As it matures, it develops a woody stem and a dense, bushy habit with evergreen leaves that can be shaped through pruning, making it popular for hedging. Upon entering the reproductive stage, the plant produces small, insignificant greenish-white flowers, usually in mid-spring to early summer, followed by fruit in the form of seed-containing pink to red capsules that attract birds. The seeds from these fruit can then disperse to initiate a new life cycle. Throughout its life, which can span several decades, the plant experiences periods of active growth in spring and summer, followed by dormancy in winter, during which growth slows or ceases.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire', commonly known as Japanese Spindle 'Green Spire', is typically propagated through semi-hardwood cuttings. This method is most effectively undertaken in the late summer. To propagate, one should select healthy, semi-hardwood stems from the current year's growth and cut them to a length of 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters). The lower leaves are removed, and the cut end is treated with a rooting hormone to promote root growth. The cutting is then planted in a well-draining potting mix, ensuring that the soil stays moist but not soggy. A plastic bag or a propagator can be used to cover the cutting, creating a humid environment that encourages rooting. Within a few weeks to months, the cuttings should develop roots and can eventually be transplanted to a permanent location.