Strawberry Tree Arbutus unedo Roselily = 'Minlily' (PBR)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Strawberry Tree


A large, bushy, slow-growing, evergreen shrub with reddish-brown, peeling bark and glossy, dark green leaves. Hanging clusters of small, pink and white, waxy, urn-shaped flowers appear in autumn at the same time as the spherical, red or yellow fruit from the previous year's flowers

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Strawberry Tree, Irish Strawberry Tree, Killarney Strawberry Tree.

    • Common names

      Arbutus unedo Roselily = 'Minlily' (PBR).

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      8 feet [2.44 meters]

    • Spread

      8 feet [2.44 meters]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: The Arbutus unedo, commonly known as the Strawberry Tree, has attractive flowers and fruits that provide visual interest throughout the year.
    • All-year Interest: This plant features year-round foliage, flowers in the fall, and fruits that ripen in the following year, ensuring constant garden appeal.
    • Low Maintenance: The Strawberry Tree is known for being easy to care for, requiring minimal pruning and upkeep once established.
    • Drought Resistance: It's well-adapted to dry conditions, making it suitable for gardens in areas with water restrictions or low rainfall.
    • Wildlife Attraction: The flowers are a valuable food source for bees, and the fruits can attract birds, supporting local biodiversity.
    • Edible Fruits: The fruits are edible, and while not the tastiest, they can be used in jams and jellies, adding a functional aspect to the plant.
    • Tolerant of Various Soils: Arbutus unedo adapts well to different soil types, although it prefers well-drained soils.
    • Seaside Suitable: It's capable of withstanding maritime exposure, making it ideal for coastal gardens.
    • Urban Tolerant: The plant can thrive in urban environments, tolerating pollution better than many other species.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Culinary Decoration: Arbutus unedo fruit can be used as an edible garnish for desserts and cocktails due to its unique appearance and subtle sweetness.
    • Fermentation Source: The fruits can be fermented to make fruit wines or added to other fermentations to impart a new flavor profile.
    • Holiday Ornaments: With their attractive appearance, the fruits and evergreen leaves can be used for making natural Christmas ornaments and wreaths.
    • Photography Subject: Arbutus unedo's picturesque form can serve as an excellent subject for botanical photographers and artists.
    • Dye Production: The fruit and bark of the Arbutus unedo can be used to produce natural dyes for textiles and paper.
    • Insect Habitat: The dense foliage provides shelter for beneficial insects, including pollinators and predatory insects that control garden pests.
    • Education and Research: Arbutus unedo can be used in educational settings for lessons on plant biology, ecology, and life cycles.
    • Bioindicator Species: The plant’s health and vigor can indicate soil and air quality in the area, which can be helpful in environmental monitoring.
    • Soil Erosion Control: As a sturdy evergreen, Arbutus unedo can help stabilize soil on slopes and prevent erosion.
    • Windbreaks: The thick and robust nature of the plant can protect more fragile plants by serving as a windbreak in gardens and landscapes.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Strawberry Tree is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Strawberry Tree is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty and Uniqueness: The Arbutus unedo, commonly known as the Strawberry Tree, boasts beautiful flowers and distinctive strawberry-like fruit, representing the idea of celebrating one's unique beauty.
    • Patience and Timing: The tree's fruit takes a full year to mature, symbolizing the importance of patience and the understanding that everything has its right time.
    • Survival and Resilience: The Strawberry Tree is known for its ability to thrive in poor soils and resist wildfires due to its thick bark, making it a symbol of survival and resilience against adversity.
    • Immortality and Eternal Life: In ancient mythology, Arbutus unedo was associated with immortality, as it is an evergreen tree, which often represents eternal life or the undying spirit.
    • Wealth and Prosperity: The rich yield of fruit, which is often abundant and festive in appearance, can symbolize wealth and prosperity, with a nod towards fruitful endeavors or the richness of life.
    • Peace and Protection: The tree is sometimes seen as a symbol of peace and protection, offering shelter and food to wildlife, and providing a tranquil presence in the landscape.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Strawberry Tree should be watered deeply to saturate the root zone, then allowed to dry out slightly before watering again. Typically, this means watering once every week or two, depending on the climate and soil conditions. During the growing season, you might need to water more frequently, especially if the weather is dry. Ensure you provide around 1 to 1.5 gallons of water for each watering session to ensure the soil is sufficiently moist but not waterlogged. During the winter months, reduce the frequency to match the plant's reduced water needs.

  • sunLight

    The Strawberry Tree does best in full sun to partial shade conditions. It thrives when it receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily, so a spot that receives bright, indirect light for the rest of the day is ideal. Avoid deep shade locations as this can impede the plant's growth and fruit production.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Strawberry Tree can tolerate a range of temperatures and is hardy in USDA zones 7 through 10. It can survive minimum temperatures down to around 10 degrees Fahrenheit, although it prefers a more temperate climate. The ideal temperature range for this plant is between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit to maintain optimal growth and fruiting.

  • scissorsPruning

    The Strawberry Tree benefits from pruning to maintain shape, remove dead or diseased branches, and promote air circulation. It's best pruned in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Prune lightly each year, rather than doing severe pruning less frequently, to keep the plant healthy and well-shaped.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Strawberry tree thrives in well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. A mix of garden soil, peat, and perlite or sand can provide the ideal balance of drainage and moisture retention. Ensure the soil is rich in organic matter to support healthy growth.

  • plantRepotting

    The Strawberry tree should be repotted every 2-3 years to avoid becoming root-bound and to replenish nutrients in the soil. Select a pot that is one size larger than the current one to provide adequate space for root growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Strawberry tree prefers moderate humidity levels, typically between 40-65%. It is adaptable to less humid conditions but avoid extremely dry environments, which can lead to issues like leaf drop.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place the Strawberry tree in bright, indirect light and ensure good air circulation.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-draining soil, partial shade to full sun, and shelter from harsh winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-10 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Arbutus unedo, commonly known as the Strawberry Tree, begins its life cycle when seeds germinate, often requiring specific conditions such as stratification to break dormancy. Seedlings establish themselves, developing a root system and foliage, entering the juvenile phase, where they focus on growth and can take several years to reach maturity. As the plant matures, it develops flowers that are typically white or pinkish, which upon successful pollination—often by bees—produce the distinctive red, strawberry-like fruits from which it gets its common name. The fruiting stage occurs in the fall and can last through the winter, with the fruits maturing around a year after flowering. The plant reaches full maturity in several years and can continue to grow, flower, and fruit for many years, often living for several decades. Throughout its life, the Strawberry Tree will undergo annual cycles of growth, flowering, and fruiting, typically with evergreen foliage that allows it to photosynthesize year-round.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Propogation: The most popular method for propagating the Arbutus unedo, commonly known as the Strawberry Tree, particularly the 'Roselily' variety, is through semi-hardwood cuttings. This process typically occurs during the late summer. Semi-hardwood cuttings are taken from the current year's growth that has started to harden but is still somewhat flexible. Cuttings should be about 4 to 6 inches (approximately 10 to 15 centimeters) long and include several leaf nodes. The bottom leaves are removed, and the cut end is often dipped in rooting hormone powder to encourage root development. The prepared cuttings are then planted in a mix of peat and perlite or sand to provide good drainage and kept under high humidity and indirect light until roots have formed, which can take several weeks to a few months. It's crucial to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged during this time.