Sunflower Helianthus annuus 'Solar Chocolate Gold'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
sunflower 'Solar Chocolate Gold'


The sunflower 'Solar Chocolate Gold' is a striking and peculiar variety that exhibits a mesmerizing array of colors in its appearance. The most captivating feature of this sunflower is its large flower heads, which showcase a rich blend of deep chocolate-brown centers, encircled by a halo of golden-yellow petals. The central disc, dense with seeds, presents a dramatic contrast against the fiery ring of petals that seem to emanate like sunbeams. The petals emerge with a certain vibrancy and sheen that give this sunflower variety an almost metallic quality, as if the petals were dipped in liquid gold. As the flowers mature, they maintain their captivating hues and can produce a visually stunning effect in any garden or floral arrangement. As is typical with sunflowers, the leaves of 'Solar Chocolate Gold' are broad and heart-shaped, with a slightly rough texture; they have a rich green color that further accentuates the brilliance of the blooms. A sturdy stem, which can grow thick and robust, supports each head. The stem is covered in tiny hairs that give it a slightly rough feel and is also green in color, complementing the foliage and flowers. The 'Solar Chocolate Gold' presents its unique colors in a manner that effortlessly captures the essence of summer sunshine and rich, earthy tones. It adds an instant touch of warmth and cheer to the environment, making it a popular choice for gardeners seeking to create a visually stimulating and unique landscape.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Common Sunflower, Sunflower

    • Common names

      Helianthus annuus.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Sunflower 'Solar Chocolate Gold' is not known to be toxic to humans. In general, sunflowers are not poisonous, and some parts are actually edible and used in various culinary applications, such as sunflower seeds and sunflower oil. Ingesting parts of this plant should not cause any toxic effects to humans under normal circumstances.

    • To pets

      Sunflower 'Solar Chocolate Gold' is not considered toxic to pets like cats and dogs. Sunflowers are generally recognized as being safe for pets, and ingestion typically does not result in poisoning. However, it is always best to supervise pets around plants and prevent them from ingesting large amounts, as individual animals might have different sensitivities, and eating non-food items can potentially cause gastrointestinal upset or blockages.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6 feet (1.83 meters)

    • Spread

      2 feet (0.61 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      North America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: The 'Solar Chocolate Gold' sunflower boasts striking dark chocolate-colored centers with golden petals, adding visual interest to gardens.
    • Attracts Wildlife: This variety of sunflower can attract birds, bees, and butterflies, supporting biodiversity and pollination.
    • Easy to Grow: Sunflowers are known for being hardy and easy to cultivate, requiring minimal care once established.
    • Edible Seeds: The seeds produced by sunflowers can be harvested and consumed, providing a source of food.
    • Erosion Control: The robust root system of sunflowers can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion.
    • Learning Tool: Sunflowers can be used as an educational tool to teach children about plant growth and gardening.
    • Source of Shade: Large sunflower plants can offer shade to smaller plants or serve as a natural sunshade in gardens.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Dye Production: The petals of Helianthus annuus can be used to create natural dyes for textiles, offering shades of yellow and green depending on the mordant used.
    • Biodegradable Pots: Sunflower stalks, being fibrous and sturdy, can be manufactured into biodegradable planting pots that naturally decompose in the soil.
    • Insulation Material: The fibers from sunflower stalks can be used as a natural insulation material for buildings, offering a sustainable alternative to synthetic insulators.
    • Art Supplies: Dried sunflower heads can be repurposed into natural brushes for painting or texturing in art projects.
    • Eco-friendly Cutlery: Sunflower seed husks can be processed to make biodegradable utensils, reducing plastic waste.
    • Woodworking Material: Sunflower stems, being woody, can be used in making particle board or fiberboard as a substitute for wood.
    • Floral Arrangements: Dried sunflower stalks and blooms can be used in creating long-lasting floral arrangements or bouquets.
    • Craft Projects: The seeds and dried parts of the sunflower can be used in crafting, such as in making seed mosaics or natural jewelry.
    • Livestock Bedding: The stalks and leaves of sunflowers can be shredded and used as bedding material for livestock due to their absorbent nature.
    • Candle Making: The oil from sunflower seeds can be used as a base for making eco-friendly candles.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Sunflower is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Sunflower is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Adoration and Longevity: The common name of Helianthus annuus 'Solar Chocolate Gold' is Sunflower. Sunflowers symbolize adoration in many cultures, as they are known for their characteristic trait of turning towards the sun. This movement represents loyalty and steadfastness, similar to the way one might adore or worship something that gives them life or joy. Additionally, their ability to endure and stand tall for a significant portion of the year also symbolizes longevity.
    • Positivity and Happiness: Sunflowers often represent brightness and cheerfulness due to their large, vibrant blooms that resemble the sun. Their presence is frequently associated with bringing joy and positive energy, which makes them a common gift to spread happiness.
    • Strength: Sunflowers are known for their sturdy stalks and ability to grow in a variety of conditions, which can symbolize strength and the ability to withstand adversity.
    • Fertility and Bounty: The abundant seeds produced by a sunflower head are symbolic of fertility and bounty, reflecting nature's provision and the potential for new growth.
    • Friendship: Due to their warm and inviting appearance, sunflowers are often associated with the warmth and nurturing quality of friendship.
    • Seeking Truth and Guidance: Just as sunflowers turn towards the sunlight, they are sometimes seen as symbols for those seeking guidance, enlightenment, or inspiration, turning towards a higher power or truth.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not applicable
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The common Sunflower, including the variety 'Solar Chocolate Gold,' should be watered deeply at the base once a week, ensuring that the soil is thoroughly moistened to a depth of 1 to 2 inches. In terms of volume, aim to provide approximately 1 to 1.5 gallons per plant for each watering session, depending on soil type and weather conditions. During hot spells or in particularly dry climates, you will need to water more frequently to maintain consistent soil moisture levels.

  • sunLight

    Sunflowers, like the 'Solar Chocolate Gold' variety, thrive best in full sunlight conditions. They prefer a spot where they can receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sun per day. These plants are sun-loving and do not perform as well in shady locations.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Sunflowers, such as the 'Solar Chocolate Gold,' perform best in temperatures between 70 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit. They are hardy plants that can tolerate a minimum temperature of 50 degrees Fahrenheit and a maximum of around 90 degrees Fahrenheit. However, extended periods of heat above this range may stress the plant and impact blooming.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Sunflowers, including 'Solar Chocolate Gold,' typically involves removing any dead or damaged leaves and can help to encourage more blooms. Prune as necessary throughout the growing season. The best time to prune is in the early morning or late evening when the plant is not in full sun.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for sunflowers, like Helianthus annuus 'Solar Chocolate Gold', should be well-draining and nutrient-rich with a fair amount of organic matter. A loamy soil with a pH around 6.0 to 7.5 is ideal. You can create an appropriate mix using equal parts of garden soil, compost, and perlite or coarse sand to improve drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Sunflowers, such as Helianthus annuus 'Solar Chocolate Gold', are typically annuals and do not require repotting. They are grown from seed and will live out their life cycle in a single season. However, if started indoors, they should be transplanted outside after the last frost.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Sunflowers like Helianthus annuus 'Solar Chocolate Gold' are not particularly humidity-sensitive and thrive in average outdoor humidity levels. They can succeed in the typical range of 30-60% relative humidity when grown outdoors.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure full sunlight and a large pot for sunflowers indoors.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-draining soil; ensure full sun exposure.

    • Hardiness zone

      2-11 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of the Sunflower 'Solar Chocolate Gold' starts when the seed germinates, typically after being sown in late spring when the soil has warmed. The plant then enters a vegetative stage, growing a stout stem and large leaves that absorb sunlight for photosynthesis. After several weeks, the sunflower transitions into the reproductive stage, where a flower bud develops at the top of the stem and blooms into vibrant petals surrounding a central disk. The flowers are pollinated by insects attracted to their bright color and produce seeds within the central disk. Once mature, the seeds can be collected for replanting or left on the plant to be naturally dispersed by wind or wildlife. The plant completes its life cycle when it withers at the end of the growing season, having accomplished its goal of producing the next generation of seeds.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The Helianthus annuus 'Solar Chocolate Gold', commonly known as the Sunflower, is typically propagated through seeds. The best time to sow Sunflower seeds directly into the garden is after the last frost when the soil has warmed, typically in late spring or early summer. To propagate by seed, one should plant the seeds about 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart in well-draining soil with full sun exposure. Water the seeds thoroughly and regularly until they germinate, usually within 7 to 10 days. Once the seedlings have emerged and grown strong enough to withstand thinning, space them approximately 2 feet apart to allow for optimal growth. This spacing prevents overcrowding and ensures each Sunflower has enough space to reach its full potential.