Sweet pea 'Bijou Mixed' Lathyrus odoratus 'Bijou Mixed'
'Bijou Mixed' are bushy dwarf sweet peas to 40cm in height, with slightly fragrant flowers in white or shades of pink, blue or red
About this plant
Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea, Perennial Pea.
Color of leaves
1-1.5 feet (30-45 cm)
1 foot (30 cm)
- General Benefits
- Ornamental Appeal: Lathyrus odoratus 'Bijou Mixed', commonly known as Sweet Pea, is highly prized for its colorful blooms that add beauty to gardens and landscapes.
- Fragrance: The Sweet Pea is renowned for its delightful scent, making it a popular choice for planting near outdoor seating areas and windows where the fragrance can be enjoyed.
- Cut Flowers: The vibrant and sweet-smelling flowers are excellent for cutting and creating attractive indoor bouquets.
- Pollinator Attraction: Sweet Peas attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects to the garden, aiding in pollination of surrounding plants.
- Versatility: It can be grown in flower beds, borders, and containers, offering flexibility in garden design.
- Vertical Interest: As a climbing plant, Sweet Pea 'Bijou Mixed' can be trained on trellises or supports, adding vertical interest to the garden.
- Seasonal Color: They provide a burst of color in late spring to early summer, filling the gap between spring bulbs and summer annuals.
- Easy to Grow: Sweet Peas are relatively easy to grow from seed, making them a good choice for novice gardeners.
- Educational Use: Growing Sweet Peas can be a fun and educational experience for children, teaching them about plant life cycles and gardening.
- Heritage Varieties: As a heirloom plant, Sweet Pea 'Bijou Mixed' helps in preserving genetic diversity and horticultural heritage.
- Medical Properties
This plant is not used for medical purposes.
- Air-purifying Qualities
This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.
- Other Uses
- Cut Flowers: Sweet pea 'Bijou Mixed' can be grown for their appealing and brightly colored flowers that make excellent cut flowers for indoor arrangements.
- Education: They can be used in educational settings such as schools or botanical gardens to teach about pollination, as they attract bees and butterflies.
- Companion Planting: Sweet peas can be planted alongside vegetables in gardens to attract pollinators, which can help improve the yield of vegetable crops.
- Arts and Crafts: Dried seed pods of sweet peas can be used in arts and crafts for making natural decorations or for inclusion in floral displays.
- Photography: Their vibrant flowers provide a picturesque subject for photographers, especially those specializing in botanical and nature photography.
- Natural Dyes: Flowers of the sweet pea can potentially be used to create natural dyes for textiles, due to their pigmentation.
- Wedding Decor: Sweet peas, with their delicate and fragrant blooms, are often used in wedding bouquets and as part of the floral décor for such events.
- Garden Design: They are an ideal choice for adding height and color to garden borders, trellises, and arches, contributing to landscape aesthetics.
- Scented Gardens: Sweet peas are grown for their fragrance and can be included in gardens designed specifically for their scent.
- Culinary Garnish: Although not commonly consumed, sweet pea flowers are edible and can serve as a colorful, albeit unusual, garnish for dishes.
- Feng Shui
Sweet pea is not used in Feng Shui practice.
- Zodiac Sign Compitability
Sweet pea is not used in astrology practice.
- Plant Symbolism
- Blissful Pleasure: The sweet pea, including Lathyrus odoratus 'Bijou Mixed', is often associated with experiencing the joy and happiness of life, reflecting moments of genuine contentment.
- Goodbye: In the language of flowers, sweet peas can symbolize a farewell, an expression of thanks and appreciation for the good times spent with someone.
- Delicate Pleasures: The delicate flowers of the sweet pea are indicative of the gentler, subtler joys that can be found in day-to-day life.
- Thank You for a Lovely Time: The sweet pea is used to express gratitude to someone for a wonderful experience or for their hospitality.
- Departure: Reflecting its meaning of goodbye, sweet peas may also represent departure, often used in farewells or when wishing someone a safe journey.
Sweet peas, including the 'Bijou Mixed' variety, require regular watering to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. During the growing season, it is best to water them thoroughly once a week with about 1 gallon of water per plant. This can vary depending on weather conditions; in particularly hot or dry weather, they may need watering twice a week. It's essential to avoid overhead watering to prevent disease, so water at the base of the plant. During the winter or in cooler climates, reduce the frequency of watering to prevent the roots from rotting in cold, wet soil.
Sweet peas like 'Bijou Mixed' thrive best in full sun, meaning at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. Position them in a spot where they can receive morning sun, which is less intense, and protection from the harsh afternoon sun if possible. They can tolerate partial shade, but flowering may not be as abundant as when grown in full sun.
Sweet peas, such as 'Bijou Mixed', prefer cooler temperatures with the ideal range being between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. They can survive minimum temperatures down to 25 degrees Fahrenheit but are not heat tolerant, with maximum temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit being tolerable. For optimal growth and flowering, keeping them within the ideal range will yield the best results.
Pruning sweet peas, including the 'Bijou Mixed' variety, is essential for promoting bushy growth and abundant flowering. Pinch out the growing tips when the plants are 4 to 6 inches tall to encourage branching. As the season progresses, regularly deadhead spent blooms to encourage more flowers to form. The best time for pruning is during the cool part of the day, either in the morning or evening.
Sweet pea 'Bijou Mixed' thrives best in rich, well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. A mix composed of loamy garden soil amended with compost and a handful of perlite or sand to improve drainage is ideal for this plant. Ensure that the soil is also fertile and moisture-retentive to support their vigorous growth.
Sweet pea 'Bijou Mixed' plants are annuals and do not typically require repotting as they complete their life cycle within one growing season. They are sown directly into the ground or pots where they are to flower.
- Humidity & Misting
Sweet pea 'Bijou Mixed' prefers moderate humidity levels but is adaptable to normal outdoor humidity ranges. It does not have specific humidity requirements; just ensure that it is grown in a well-ventilated area to discourage disease.
- Suitable locations
Ensure bright light, cool temps, and moist, rich soil.
Plant in sun, use support for climbing, fertile soil.
- Life cycle
The Sweet Pea 'Bijou Mixed' begins its life cycle when the seeds germinate in early spring after being sown in well-draining soil, either indoors or directly outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. The seedlings then develop into vines, producing distinctive tendrils that enable the plant to climb and support itself if given a trellis or similar structure. As the temperature warms, the plants grow rapidly and start to bloom, showing a range of colorful, fragrant flowers from late spring to summer. Following pollination, typically by bees or other insects, the flowers form seed pods. These pods eventually dry out on the plant, at which point they can be harvested for seeds to be sown the following season, completing its annual life cycle. Sweet Pea 'Bijou Mixed', if not deadheaded, will eventually expend its energy in seed production and then die, necessitating replanting the following year.
The sweet pea 'Bijou Mixed' is commonly propagated by sowing seeds. The optimal time for sowing sweet pea seeds is either in late October and November or from January to early April, aiming for a flowering period in spring or summer. To propagate by seeds, it is often recommended to first soften the hard seed coat to encourage germination. This can be done by soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours or by gently nicking the seed coat with a file or sandpaper. Then, plant the seeds about 1 inch (2.5 cm) deep in pots filled with a good-quality seed-starting mix. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and maintain a temperature between 65°F to 70°F (18°C to 21°C). Seedlings usually emerge in 10 to 14 days, after which they should be gradually acclimated to outdoor conditions before being transplanted to their final location in the garden.