Caucasian Birch Betula medwediewii

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
transcaucasian birch


The plant commonly known as the Caucasian Birch exhibits a striking appearance that is characteristic of the birch family. It features a distinctive bark that often peels off in thin, papery sheets, commonly showcasing hues of white to silvery-white which sometimes can have a golden or coppery tinge as it ages. The leaves of the Caucasian Birch are particularly noteworthy, with a triangular or broadly ovate shape that tapers to a point. The leaf edges are finely serrated or toothed, providing a delicate texture to the foliage. In the growing season, the leaves are a lush green, turning to vibrant shades of yellow in the fall, giving the plant a bright and colorful presence in its environment. Branches and twigs often appear gracefully slender and may be slightly pendulous, adding to the overall elegance of the plant. When it blooms, the Caucasian Birch produces catkins which are long, cylindrical flower clusters. These can be seen drooping from the branches, adding to the visual interest of the plant. The seeds and fruits from these catkins are tiny and winged, adapted for dispersal by the wind. The root system is typically well-established and robust, allowing the plant to secure itself firmly into the ground and absorb nutrients and water efficiently. Overall, the Caucasian Birch has a distinctive and attractive appearance that makes it popular for ornamental purposes, contributing beauty and shade to the landscapes it inhabits.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Caucasian Birch, Medwedi Birch

    • Common names

      Betula litwinowii, Betula pendula subsp. medwediewii.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Betula medwediewii, commonly known as the Caucasian Birch, does not have a widespread reputation for being toxic to humans. However, as with many plants, it is generally advisable not to ingest parts of this tree due to the potential for unknown allergic reactions or gastrointestinal upset. There is no specific information available on the toxicity levels or symptoms of poisoning from ingesting parts of the Caucasian Birch as it is not commonly recognized for this property.

    • To pets

      The Caucasian Birch, or Betula medwediewii, has no specific toxic reputation with regards to pets such as cats and dogs. In the absence of specific toxicity data for pets, it is prudent to prevent pets from ingesting parts of the tree as a general precaution. Ingestion of non-food plants can sometimes lead to gastrointestinal upset or allergic reactions in pets, but detailed symptoms related to this particular species are not well-documented.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      30 feet (9 meters)

    • Spread

      20 feet (6 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ecosystem support: Betula medwediewii, commonly known as Caucasian Birch, provides habitat and food for various wildlife species including birds and insects.
    • Landscape beautification: The Caucasian Birch is appreciated for its ornamental value, due to its attractive bark and pleasing shape, enhancing the aesthetics of cultivated landscapes.
    • Shade provision: The tree offers shade in gardens and parks, making outdoor areas more comfortable during hot weather.
    • Soil improvement: Like other birches, the Caucasian Birch can help in soil stabilization and improving soil structure through leaf litter decomposing.
    • Biodiversity promotion: This species can contribute to the diversity of plant life in an area, which is beneficial for maintaining a healthy ecosystem.
    • Seasonal interest: With its changing foliage and bark, the Caucasian Birch provides visual interest throughout the seasons, from spring leaves to autumn colors.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Betula medwediewii, also known as the Caucasian Birch, can be used in landscape design for its aesthetic appeal, particularly for its textured bark and attractive fall foliage.
    • The timber of Caucasian Birch can be utilized in woodworking and crafts for making small objects or decorative pieces due to its fine grain and workability.
    • Caucasian Birch sap can be harvested similarly to maple sap to produce syrup, although this is less common and the syrup may have a different flavor profile.
    • The inner bark of the Caucasian Birch can be carefully harvested and processed into a fibrous material, which indigenous peoples have historically used for making baskets and other woven goods.
    • Young twigs and branches of the Caucasian Birch can be used as plant supports in gardens for climbing plants or as part of rustic trellises.
    • The leaves of the Caucasian Birch can be composted and used as a mulch to enrich garden soil, taking advantage of their nutrient content as they decompose.
    • Caucasian Birch wood can be used to craft musical instruments such as flutes or woodwind instruments, where the wood's resonance is prized.
    • Due to its typical growth in colder climates, the Caucasian Birch can be used in studies related to climate change, particularly in understanding the shifting ranges of tree species.
    • The natural resistance of Caucasian Birch wood to decay can make it a suitable choice for outdoor projects like birdhouses or garden furniture.
    • Caucasian Birch can serve an educational purpose, being included in arboretums or botanical gardens to educate the public about various tree species and their habitats.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Caucasian Birch is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Caucasian Birch is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Adaptability – The Caucasian Birch, being able to grow in challenging conditions, symbolizes the ability to adapt and thrive in various environments.
    • Purity – Birches are often associated with purity and cleanliness due to their bright bark and the way their leaves shimmer in the wind, suggesting a fresh start or cleanse.
    • New Beginnings – Traditional folklore considers the birch tree as a symbol of rebirth and renewal, perhaps because it's one of the first trees to grow back after forest fires.
    • Hope – Due to its resilient nature, the birch (including Caucasian Birch) stands as a beacon of hope in the face of adversity.
    • Protection – In some cultures, birch trees are thought to ward off evil and negativity, offering protection to those nearby.

Every 2-3 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Caucasian Birch should be watered deeply and thoroughly to encourage root growth, providing it with around 1 to 1.5 inches of water weekly during dry periods without rainfall. Reduce watering in the fall to prepare it for winter dormancy. Young trees will require more consistent watering, about twice per week, to maintain moist soil as they establish. Mature Caucasian Birch trees, once established, typically require less frequent watering and can generally rely on natural rainfall unless there are periods of drought when supplemental watering may be necessary.

  • sunLight

    The Caucasian Birch thrives best in full sunlight to partial shade. It prefers a spot that receives at least four to six hours of direct sunlight daily. However, in hot climates, some afternoon shade can be beneficial to prevent scorching of the leaves.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Caucasian Birch is hardy and can survive in temperatures as low as -30 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 75 degrees Fahrenheit, although it prefers cooler climates. The ideal temperature range for this plant is between 50 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, making it well-suited for temperate regions.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Caucasian Birch is important for maintaining its shape, encouraging healthy growth, and removing any damaged or diseased branches. The best time to prune is late fall to early spring when the tree is dormant, and sap flow is minimal. Pruning should be done annually to remove any crossing branches or unwanted shoots at the base of the tree.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    For Caucasian birch, a well-draining soil mix is ideal, composed of loamy soil mixed with sand and peat to retain some moisture yet prevent waterlogging. The desired soil pH for Betula medwediewii should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 5.5 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Caucasian birch trees being relatively low-maintenance don't require frequent repotting. They should be repotted every 3-5 years, or when they outgrow their current container, ensuring minimal root disturbance during the process.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Caucasian birch thrives best in moderate to high humidity levels, ideally between 40% to 60%. Avoid placing it in excessively dry environments as it might cause stress to the plant.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Caucasian birch in bright indirect light and ensure high humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Plant Caucasian birch in moist, well-drained soil with partial to full sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-7 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Betula medwediewii, commonly known as the Caucasian Birch, begins its life cycle as a seed typically dispersed by wind in late summer or autumn. Upon finding suitable moist and well-drained soil, the seed germinates in the spring, developing into a seedling with characteristic heart-shaped leaves. As it matures into a sapling, the Caucasian Birch exhibits rapid growth and the bark begins to develop its distinctive white coloration. Upon reaching maturity, the tree produces catkins; the male catkins release pollen, which fertilizes the female catkins, leading to the development of new seeds. The mature tree can reproduce annually, with a single tree capable of living for over 80 years. Throughout its life, the Caucasian Birch undergoes seasonal changes, shedding leaves in the fall and entering a state of dormancy during the winter months before resuming growth in the spring.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to summer

    • For the Caucasian Birch (Betula medwediewii), the most popular method of propagation is by seed. The best time to collect seeds is in late summer or early fall when the catkins become brown and mature. Seeds should be sown as soon as they are collected because their viability decreases rapidly. To propagate, sow the seeds in a well-draining seed starting mix, barely covering them with soil. They require light for germination, so it’s important not to bury them deeply. The seedbed must be kept moist but not soggy. Germination usually occurs in the spring if the seeds experience a period of cold stratification over the winter, which can be provided naturally by outdoor conditions or simulated by placing the seeds in a refrigerator for a period of about 1 to 3 months (4°C [about 39°F]). Once seedlings have emerged and grown strong enough, they can be transplanted into individual pots or their final growing locations.