Trumpet lily Lilium longiflorum (Ixb/a)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
trumpet lily


L. longiflorum is a bulbous perennial with narrow, glossy dark green leaves and pure white, trumpet-shaped sweetly fragrant flowers up to 17cm long in summer

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Easter Lily, Trumpet Lily, November Lily, Christmas Lily

    • Common names

      Lilium eximium, Lilium formosanum, Lilium longiflorum var. eximium, Lilium longiflorum var. formosanum, Lilium philippinense, Lilium taquetii

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2-3 feet (60-90 cm)

    • Spread

      1 foot (30 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: The Easter lily, as Lilium longiflorum is commonly known, has large, trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers that enhance the beauty of gardens and indoor spaces.
    • Symbolic Significance: It's a traditional symbol of purity, virtue, hope, and life, and is often associated with Easter celebrations and religious ceremonies.
    • Habitat for Wildlife: The plant provides food in the form of nectar for pollinators such as bees and butterflies, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Cultural Importance: Due to its symbolic meaning, the Easter lily is often used in cultural traditions, ceremonies, and as gifts during the Easter holiday season.
    • Landscaping: It can be used in mixed borders, flower beds, and as a focal point in gardens due to its striking appearance and height.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Contains compounds that may help to reduce inflammation.
    • Analgesic: May have pain-relieving properties.
    • Antioxidant: Contains antioxidants that can neutralize harmful free radicals in the body.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Lilium longiflorum, commonly known as the Easter lily, is often used in perfumery for its fragrant flowers, which add a fresh and floral scent to perfumes and scented products.
    • The Easter lily's sturdy stems make them suitable for use in floral arrangements and as cut flowers, lasting several weeks with proper care.
    • Fine art: The Easter lily is a frequent subject in botanical illustration and paintings due to its elegant form, symbolizing purity and grace.
    • Garden ornamentation: These lilies are planted as ornamental features in gardens for their striking appearance and ability to act as a focal point in garden design.
    • Religious ceremonies: Easter lilies are commonly used as decorations in churches and homes during the Easter holiday due to their association with the resurrection of Jesus.
    • Wedding decoration: Due to their pristine appearance and symbolism, Easter lilies are often incorporated into wedding bouquets and venue decorations.
    • Culinary uses: In some cultures, the bulbs of the Easter lily are processed and eaten, although this is not common and care must be taken to identify edible varieties due to potential toxicity.
    • Educational model: The large and easily distinguishable parts of the Easter lily make it useful in botanical education for teaching flower anatomy.
    • Biological research: This plant is sometimes used in scientific studies to understand plant biology and genetics, such as investigations into flowering mechanisms.
    • Commemoration: The Easter lily is used symbolically to commemorate important historical events or figures in certain cultures, particularly in Ireland where it symbolizes peace and is used to remember those who died during the Easter Rising.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Easter Lily, as Lilium longiflorum is commonly known, can be utilized in Feng Shui to promote purity, peace, and serenity in a living space. Its white blossoms are associated with a fresh beginning and can be placed in the home to create a calming atmosphere and a sense of tranquility.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Easter Lily is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Purity: The Easter Lily, commonly known as Lilium longiflorum, with its white trumpet-shaped flowers, symbolizes purity and virginal beauty.
    • Hope: It often signifies hope, as its blooms in spring, heralding the season of renewal and new beginnings.
    • Innocence: This plant is frequently associated with innocence, particularly in the context of Christianity, where it is linked to the Virgin Mary.
    • Resurrection: The flower is also symbolic of resurrection, due to its role in Easter celebrations and its rebirth in gardens each year.
    • Heavenly: With its upward-facing flowers, the Easter Lily also represents spiritual aspirations and the idea of things that are heavenly or above.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to early summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Easter Lily requires consistent moisture, so water it thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Aim to water it with about 1 quart of water every week, adjusting for climate and indoor conditions. During active growth, especially in the spring and summer, you might find the need to water more frequently. It's important not to overwater or let the plant sit in standing water, as this can cause root rot. Ensure the pot has adequate drainage and water slowly at the soil level to allow the water to penetrate the root zone effectively.

  • sunLight

    The Easter Lily prefers bright, indirect sunlight. Place it in a spot where it can receive several hours of indirect light throughout the day but is shielded from direct afternoon sun, which can be too intense and may scorch the leaves. A north or east-facing windowsill is often an ideal location for this plant to thrive.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Easter Lilies thrive in temperatures between 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and slightly cooler at night, but should not be exposed to temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. They prefer a moderate climate and should be kept away from drafts, heating vents, and air conditioners. The ideal location would maintain a consistent temperature within this range to promote healthy growth.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune the Easter Lily after flowering by removing spent blooms to direct energy towards bulb growth. Cut back the stems to the base once they have yellowed and died back in the fall. Pruning is typically done annually during the late fall or whenever the foliage has died back naturally. This helps to prevent disease and encourages more vigorous growth for the next season.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Easter Lily prefers well-draining, slightly acidic soil with a pH of around 5.5 to 6.5. A mix of two parts loam, one part peat moss, and one part perlite or sand provides the best soil composition for healthy growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Easter Lilies should be repotted every couple of years, or when they become root-bound. It's best to repot after they have finished blooming, typically in the late summer or fall.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Easter Lilies thrive in moderate humidity levels, about 40-60%. Avoid environments that are too dry or too humid for optimal health.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light and ensure good air circulation.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in part-sun area with well-draining soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of Lilium longiflorum, commonly known as the Easter Lily, begins with seed germination, where environmental conditions trigger the emergence of a small shoot and roots from the seed. Following germination, the seedling grows into a vegetative plant with leaves that photosynthesize to fuel growth and development. As the plant matures, it enters a phase of dormancy, typically during colder months, where bulb growth occurs underground in preparation for the next growing season. The next stage involves the Easter Lily entering a reproductive phase where flower buds form and eventually bloom, typically in late spring or early summer, characterized by fragrant, trumpet-shaped, white flowers. After pollination, which is often aided by insects, the plant produces seed capsules, which upon maturation release seeds, completing the life cycle. In cultivation, the plants are often propagated through scaling, where sections of the bulbs are planted and develop into new plants, thus continuing the cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to early summer

    • The most popular method for propagating Easter lily, or Lilium longiflorum, is by using scales taken from the bulbs. To do this, carefully detach a few scales from the main bulb during the fall, which is after the flowering season when the bulb is dormant. Ensure each scale has a portion of the basal plate, which is essential for producing new bulbs. Place the scales in a mixture of moist peat moss and perlite, enclose them in a plastic bag, and store them at approximately 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). In a few weeks, bulblets will form at the base of the scales. When the bulblets are large enough, usually after one to two years, they can be planted out in the garden during the fall. This technique is effective due to the high reproductive capacity from a single bulb, allowing for multiple new plants to be grown relatively quickly and easily.