Spanish Daffodil Narcissus rupicola subsp. watieri (13)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Watier cliff narcissus


Narcissus rupicola subsp. watieri, commonly known as daffodil, is a flowering plant that exhibits a distinct appearance characteristic of its genus. This daffodil bears a single flower atop its stem, which showcases prominent petals surrounding a central cup or corona. Typically, the petals radiate outwards, forming a backdrop for the corona, which often differs in color and can be quite eye-catching. The flower is noteworthy for its color palette, typically showing off shades that may range from white to yellow, with the corona sometimes presenting a contrasting hue. Its allure is further heightened in the spring, which is its prime blooming season, and it often blooms in clusters, creating an impressive display. The foliage of this daffodil consists of slender leaves that grow at the base of the stem. These leaves are usually green and have a slightly fleshy texture, complementing the vibrant flowers with their understated, yet graceful, presence. Although the physical size of the plant is not to be detailed, it can be acknowledged that the appearance of the daffodil contributes to its charm and is often admired in garden settings where its beauty can be showcased.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Watier's Daffodil, Moroccan Paperwhite

    • Common names

      Narcissus watieri, Narcissus rupicola var. watieri.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant in question is a subspecies of wild daffodil. Wild daffodils contain a compound called lycorine, which is toxic to humans. If ingested, this compound can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, ingestion can lead to cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension, respiratory depression, and even death if a large enough quantity is consumed. It is advised to avoid ingesting any part of the plant and to seek medical attention if poisoning is suspected.

    • To pets

      The toxicity of the wild daffodil to pets, such as dogs and cats, is similar to its effects on humans. The compound lycorine is also poisonous to animals and can result in symptoms that include vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, abdominal pain, and possible cardiac arrhythmias or respiratory difficulties. In severe cases, ingestion can lead to central nervous system depression, tremors, convulsions, and can be fatal without prompt veterinary care. If a pet is suspected to have ingested any part of the wild daffodil, it is crucial to contact a veterinarian immediately.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      0.5 feet (15 cm)

    • Spread

      0.5 feet (15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Narcissus rupicola subsp. watieri, commonly known as the daffodil, adds aesthetic beauty to gardens and landscapes with its bright, showy flowers.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The daffodil's flowers attract bees and other pollinators, supporting local ecosystems and benefiting other plants nearby.
    • Low Maintenance: As a hardy perennial, the daffodil requires minimal care once established, making it a convenient choice for gardeners.
    • Spring Indicator: The early blooming of daffodils signals the coming of spring, which can have a positive effect on people's mood and the local environment.
    • Bulb Propagation: Daffodils can propagate through their bulbs, allowing gardeners to easily increase their stock or share with others.
    • Deer and Rodent Resistance: Daffodils are typically resistant to deer and rodents, which makes them a suitable choice for areas with wildlife.
    • Cultural Significance: Daffodils have various symbolic meanings, such as rebirth and new beginnings, and are often associated with cultural celebrations and traditions.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Narcissus, specifically Narcissus rupicola subsp. watieri, can be used as a natural dye source, providing yellow and green hues for fabrics and yarns when the flowers are processed.
    • The bulbs of the Narcissus may serve as a pest repellent for moles and other rodents in gardens and farms due to their toxic properties that rodents find unappealing.
    • Narcissus flowers can be used in perfumery, providing a rich and deep floral note to create complex fragrances.
    • These flowers might be employed as ornamental features in pressings and decoupage crafts, showcasing their unique structure and beauty when dried.
    • In some traditions, Narcissus is used for symbolic purposes at festivals and events, representing rebirth and the coming of spring.
    • The plant may also be incorporated into potpourri mixes to provide a long-lasting, natural fragrance to living spaces.
    • Narcissus could be used in eco-friendly burials, where biodegradable materials are planted with bulbs to bloom as a natural memorial.
    • The Narcissus's shape and appearance are sometimes used as inspiration for artists and designers in various fields from fashion to jewelry.
    • Cultivars of Narcissus are often used in horticultural competitions and displays due to their varied and attractive flowers.
    • The plant serves an ecological role by providing early spring nectar for pollinators such as bees.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Narcissus is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Narcissus is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Renewal and New Beginnings: The Narcissus, commonly known as the Daffodil, is one of the first flowers to bloom in spring, symbolizing the end of winter and the arrival of a fresh start or new beginnings.
    • Self-Reflection: Named after the Greek myth of Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection, the Narcissus flower is often associated with self-reflection and awareness.
    • Vanity and Egotism: Similarly, drawing from the same myth, the Daffodil can symbolize vanity, self-obsession, and egotism because of Narcissus’s obsession with himself.
    • Prosperity: In some cultures, the Daffodil represents prosperity and is believed to bring good fortune, especially when it blossoms during the New Year period.
    • Inspiration: The bright appearance and the early blooming of the Narcissus symbolize creativity and inspiration, reminding people to draw upon their inner resources.
    • Resilience: Able to bloom even in late winter when conditions are still harsh, the Daffodil represents resilience and the ability to overcome challenges.
    • Respect: While the Daffodil can represent self-love, it is also used to convey mutual respect, especially when given as a gift.
    • Unrequited Love: Sometimes, the Narcissus flower is also a symbol of unrequited love, perhaps connected to the idea that Narcissus could not leave his own reflection for something deeper.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 1-2 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Water Narcissus watieri (the most common name being Rock Daffodil) carefully to maintain moist soil during its growing season in spring and fall, but reduce watering once the foliage begins to die back. Typically, this plant needs about one inch of water per week, either from rainfall or watering, when it's actively growing. In the dormant summer period, it's essential to keep the soil dry to prevent bulb rot. Use just enough water to wet the soil without leaving it soggy; this might equate to around half a gallon per square yard per week during the growth periods, depending on soil type and weather conditions.

  • sunLight

    Rock Daffodil thrives in full sunlight to partial shade, with a preference for a brighter spot. The best location for this plant is one where it receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily, with some afternoon shade in hotter climates to prevent scorching of the leaves. Avoid deep shade, as insufficient light can lead to poor flowering.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Rock Daffodil prefers temperate conditions and can tolerate cold to a certain extent. It can withstand temperatures down to about 20 degrees Fahrenheit during dormancy. The ideal temperature range for active growth is between 50 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Extreme heat above 80 degrees Fahrenheit can be detrimental to the plant's health and blooming cycle.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Rock Daffodil is not necessary for shaping but is important for the plant's health. Remove spent flowers promptly to prevent seed formation, which can sap energy needed for bulb growth. Once the foliage yellows and dies back naturally in late spring, it can be gently removed. This process normally doesn't occur more often than once a year after blooming.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    For the Daffodil 'Watieri', a well-drained soil mix with perlite or sand incorporated is ideal to ensure proper drainage and prevent root rot. The optimal pH should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    The Daffodil 'Watieri' should be repotted every 2 to 3 years or when it becomes root-bound, to provide fresh soil and room for growing bulbs.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    The Daffodil 'Watieri' prefers moderate humidity levels and does not require extremely high humidity, making it suitable for typical indoor environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light with cool temperatures.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-drained soil with partial to full sun exposure.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Narcissus rupicola subsp. watieri typically begins its life cycle as a seed, which will germinate when conditions are favorable, usually in autumn or winter. After germination, a bulb forms underground which stores energy for the plant's growth. In spring, foliage emerges along with the flower stalk, culminating in the bloom of the plant's characteristic flowers. Throughout the spring and early summer, the plant undergoes photosynthesis and stores energy in the bulb for the next cycle. After flowering, the leaves die back and the plant enters a period of dormancy duringthe hotter summer months when conditions are drier. The cycle repeats itself the following autumn when cooler temperatures and moist conditions signal the time for another growth cycle to begin.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The most popular method of propagation for the wild daffodil, Narcissus rupicola subsp. watieri, is by dividing its bulbs. This is typically done in the late summer after the foliage has withered and the plant is dormant. Gardeners carefully dig up the bulbs, trying not to damage them, and gently separate any offsets from the parent bulb. The smaller bulbs, or offsets, can then be replanted immediately at a depth of about 6 inches (approximately 15 centimeters) in well-drained soil. It's important to space the bulbs about 3 to 4 inches apart (about 7.5 to 10 centimeters) to ensure they have room to grow. This division not only helps to propagate the plants but also to invigorate older clumps that may have become too crowded, which can result in decreased flowering.