Bridal Wreath Francoa sonchifolia

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
wedding flower


Francoa sonchifolia, commonly known as Bridal Wreath, is an ornamental plant noted for its attractive foliage and flowers. The leaves of Bridal Wreath are deeply lobed with a somewhat wrinkled texture, forming a lush, low-growing rosette at the base. The color of the leaves can be described as a fresh, vibrant green, contributing to the plant's visual interest even when not in bloom. The flowers of the Bridal Wreath are its most striking feature. They emerge on tall, slender stalks that gracefully rise above the foliage, creating an airy, elegant display. Each stalk bears numerous small flowers closely arranged along its length. The blossoms themselves are delicate and typically range in shades of pink, with some varieties displaying a pale pink to almost white hue. The flower has a simple yet dainty charm, with petals radiating from a central point, similar to the spokes of a wheel. Overall, the appearance of the Bridal Wreath is one of delicate beauty, marked by its interesting green foliage and the lovely spires of pinkish flowers that evoke a sense of romantic charm in garden settings. The plant's graceful form and charming blooms make it a favorite for cottage gardens and as a floral backdrop in perennial borders.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Bridal Wreath, Wedding Flower, Maiden's Wreath

    • Common names

      Francoa appendiculata, Francoa ramosa, Francoa sonchifolia var. appendiculata, Francoa sonchifolia var. ramosa

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Bridal wreath (Francoa sonchifolia) is not widely known for toxicity to humans. As of my knowledge cutoff in 2023, there is limited information suggesting that this plant poses any serious risk upon ingestion or contact for humans. However, as with any plant, individual allergies or sensitivities can occur, leading to skin irritation, itching, or a mild stomach upset if ingested. Caution is advised, and any suspicion of poisoning should be evaluated by a medical professional.

    • To pets

      Bridal wreath (Francoa sonchifolia) is not widely recognized as a toxic plant to pets; however, there is minimal specific information regarding its potential toxicity to household animals like dogs and cats. As a precaution, it is generally advisable to prevent pets from ingesting plants since individual animals may have sensitivities or allergic reactions. If a pet ingests a considerable quantity of this plant and exhibits signs such as vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, or changes in behavior, it is important to consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2 feet (0.61 meters

    • Spread

      1 foot (0.30 meters

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Francoa sonchifolia, commonly known as Bridal Wreath, adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its attractive rosettes of leaves and tall flower stalks topped with pink or white blooms.
    • Low Maintenance: Bridal Wreath is known for being relatively easy to grow, requiring minimal care once established, making it a good choice for gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Drought Tolerance: This plant is fairly drought tolerant once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping and reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers of Bridal Wreath attract various pollinators like bees and butterflies, contributing to the health of the garden ecosystem.
    • Versatility in Landscaping: It can be used in various garden settings, such as borders, rock gardens, or as a ground cover, offering flexibility in landscape design.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Francoa sonchifolia, also known as Bridal Wreath, can be used as a natural dye source. The pigments from the flowers and leaves are sometimes utilized in traditional textile coloring practices.
    • The leaves of the Bridal Wreath can be used as a natural wrapping material for small gifts or favors, especially in eco-friendly wedding settings.
    • Dried Bridal Wreath flowers can be incorporated into potpourri mixes for a subtle, floral fragrance and aesthetic appeal in home decor.
    • The sturdy stems of Francoa sonchifolia can be used in flower arranging and as a support structure for more delicate flowers.
    • Pressed Francoa sonchifolia flowers can be used in botanical art and crafts, like making bookmarks or greeting cards.
    • The plant's rosette formation may inspire designs and patterns in landscaping, providing a living template for garden symmetry and structure.
    • Considered a companion plant, the Bridal Wreath can attract pollinators to gardens, thus benefiting other plants in the vicinity.
    • Used in educational settings, Francoa sonchifolia can serve as a study subject for botany students learning about unique flowering plant characteristics.
    • When planted in mass, the Bridal Wreath can serve as a low-maintenance ground cover, reducing soil erosion in sloped gardens.
    • Francoa sonchifolia can be used in themed gardens, such as Victorian or cottage-style garden designs, to provide an air of classic elegance and charm.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Bridal Wreath is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Bridal Wreath is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Bridal Wreath: Francoa sonchifolia is often referred to as Bridal Wreath due to its use in wedding bouquets and floral arrangements, symbolizing new beginnings and the union of two individuals.
    • Resilience and Longevity: The plant is known for its ability to thrive with minimal care, symbolizing resilience and the ability to endure challenging conditions over time.
    • Devotion and Commitment: With its long-lasting blooms, it represents the idea of long-term devotion and unwavering commitment in relationships.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 1-2 years
Spring-early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Bridal wreath plants, commonly known as Francoa sonchifolia, prefer consistently moist soil, so watering should be done when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. This typically means watering once every week or so, but the frequency can vary depending on the climate and weather conditions. Provide the plant with about 1 to 2 gallons of water for each watering session to ensure adequate moisture penetration. During hot, dry periods, more frequent watering may be necessary to maintain soil moisture.

  • sunLight

    Bridal wreath plants thrive in a location that receives partial shade to full sun. The ideal spot for Francoa sonchifolia is one where it can be protected from the harsh afternoon sun, receiving dappled sunlight or morning sun followed by afternoon shade. These conditions will promote healthy growth and flowering without scorching the foliage.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The bridal wreath plant is hardy and can tolerate a temperature range of about 25°F to 75°F. They can survive short periods of colder temperatures down to 20°F, but the ideal growing condition is within the range of 50°F to 70°F. Francoa sonchifolia performs best when not subjected to extreme heat or freezing temperatures.

  • scissorsPruning

    Bridal wreath plants benefit from pruning to remove dead or damaged stems, which encourages healthy growth and better flowering. Prune the plant after blooming, usually in late summer, to shape it and to remove any spent flowers. Pruning once a year is typically sufficient for maintaining an attractive form and promoting vigor in the plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Bridal Wreath requires well-draining soil mixed with organic matter such as compost or peat moss, and a soil pH that falls in the range of 5.5 to 7.0, which is slightly acidic to neutral.

  • plantRepotting

    Bridal Wreath should ideally be repotted every 2 to 3 years to rejuvenate the soil and provide room for growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Bridal Wreath thrives best in moderate humidity conditions, avoiding excessively dry or very high humidity environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Bridal Wreath in bright, indirect light and maintain consistent moisture.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, protect from strong winds, and ensure soil drainage.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-10 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Francoa sonchifolia, commonly known as Bridal Wreath or Wedding Flower, begins its life cycle when seeds are dispersed into moist soil, typically in cool, shaded areas. The seeds germinate in favorable conditions, typically during spring, giving rise to seedlings with oblong, slightly ruffled basal leaves. As the plant matures, it forms a low rosette of leaves and sends up tall flower stalks during early to mid-summer, which bear dense clusters of small, pink to white flowers. Pollination occurs mainly by insects that are attracted to the flowers, after which the plant sets seed in small capsules. As the growing season ends, Francoa sonchifolia dies back to its root system where it overwinters in a perennial state. The plant resumes growth from the rootstock the following spring, thus repeating its life cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • Propogation: Bridal Wreath, or Francoa sonchifolia, is most commonly propagated by seed. For successful germination, sow the seeds in late winter to early spring, ideally in a cold frame or under glass to maintain a consistent temperature. The seeds should be lightly covered with soil and kept moist but not wet. Seedlings usually appear within 2 to 4 weeks and can be transplanted into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. They should be grown on in cooler conditions until they are strong enough to be planted out in the garden, typically after the last frost when the soil has warmed. This will encourage healthy, robust plants that can thrive outdoors.